STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON MONTHLY OUTPATIENT ATTENDANCE CASES FROM JANUARY 2015 TO OCTOBER 2020 (A CASE STUDY OF DUTSE GENERAL HOSPITAL JIGAWA STATE)

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Product Code: 00006002

No of Pages: 43

No of Chapters: 5

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ABSTRACT

This project examined the outpatient attendance of Dutse General Hospital from the year of 2015 to 2021. This study employed seasonal variation indices (ratio to trend method. The data collected was analysis at α=0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that the female outpatient attendance is maximum at the year of 2015 of and minimum at the year of 2016 , and male outpatient attendance in maximum at the year of 2016 , and minimum at the year of 2017, and it shows that there is seasonality in the female and male outpatient attendance, and also it analyzed that the female outpatient attendance and male outpatient attendance of Dutse General Hospital for the year of 2014 to 2017 are significantly difference, but the SPSS test shows that there is significantly difference between the outpatient attendance (male & female). Based on the findings of this study, useful suggestion and recommendations were offered as strategies for encouraging the health sectors towards the making good analysis for the patient health care.




TABLE OF THE CONTENT

TITLED PAGE ………………………………………………………………………………..i

DECLARATION……………………………………………………………………………...ii

CERTIFICATION…………………………………………………………….……………...iii DEDICATION……………………………………………………………………………….iv

ACKNOWLEDGMENT………………………………..……………………………………v

ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………………………….vi

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………………….1

1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY AREA…………………………….. 2

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM ……………………………………………………3

1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY …………………………………………4

1.4 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY …………………………………………4

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY ……………………………………………………..4

1.6 DEFINITION OF BASIC TERMS ……………………………………………………....5

1.7 HYPOTHESIS ……………………………………………………………………………6

1.8 RESEARCH QUESTIONS ………………………………………………………………6

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW …………………………………………………………………7

2.1 INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………………7

2.2 RELATED REVIEW ……………………………………………………………………..9

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ……………………………………………………....13

3.1 INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………13

3.2 SOURCE OF DATA ……………………………………………………………………13

3.2.1 PRIMARY SOURCES………………………………………………………………..13

3.2.2 SECONDARY SOURCE……………………………………………………………..13

3.3 POPULATION…………………………………………………………………….……14

3.4 METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION…………………………………………………14

3.5 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS ……………………………………………………15

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS …………………………………………18

4.1 INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………..18

4.2 DATA PRESENTATION ……………………………………………………………..18

4.3 DATA ANALYSIS ……………………………………………………………………19

4.3.1 TIME SERIES PLOT OF FEMALE OUTPATIENT ATTENDANCE  ……………20

4.3.2 TIMES SERIES PLOT OF MALE OUT PATIENTS ATTENDANCE  ……………21

4.3.3 FIT OF RATIO TO TREND METHOD BASE ON FEMALE ATTENDANCE …….23

4.5 FIT OF T-TEST IN SPSS………………………………………………………………25

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION ………………………..27

5.1 SUMMARY ………………………………………………………………………...….27

5.2 CONCLUSION………………………………………………………………………...28

5.3 RECOMMENDATION ……………………………………………………………….29

REFERENCE

       APPENDIX


 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0  INTRODUCTION

Now a days hospital recorded a very large number of attendance, this is due prevalence of many diseases, and/or because of unawareness people have in attending to medical care before any ailment than the traditional habit of staying at home for herbs and other traditional treatment. Thus attending the hospital is refers to as patients. However, patient is repairs to any recipient of healthcare, is most often ill or injured and indeed of treatment by a physician, advanced practice, registered nurses, physiotherapist, physician assistant, psychologist, dentist, podiatrist and veterinarian. (Reader John, 2010).

It is therefore in the best interest to refer to attendance where the person or number of person attending the hospital are referred to as patient attendance. Therefore patience attendance define as a people who seek or that are attending to a hospital for the reason of their cases. According to NHS term of art for a care event defined as the attendance of a patient at a hospital or in patient word for a day patient care for at least half day or month, week. People have deep rooted convictions of their accident or perceived emergency, together with a considerable loyalty and emotional attachment to it.

This research evaluates the attendance patterns of people who responded to attend the hospital (before and after treatment) regularly regarding the reasons they had presented at a hospital of Dutse General Hospital, it is therefore in the best interest of the researcher to use his/ her knowledge of statistics application (statistic) in the attendance of ill health (patients) attending the hospital of Dutse General Hospital. It does not and here the research as will look forward to classifying, arranging, and recording the monthly, quarterly, annually, bi-annually attendance of patients in the hospital with a view to see the distribution of the data.

This research work attempts to introduce efficient methods and routine toward comparing the total attendance of general outpatient department (GOPD), this in general composed of male, female and patients that are children, attending the hospital of Dutse General Hospital, Jigawa state.

1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY AREA

The hospital was established in 1972 as Dutse Comprehensive Health Centre (CHC) by old Kano State. The (CHC) was on 8th August, 1985 converted to Dutse General Hospital and Commissioned by the military government of Kano State, Air Commodore HamzaAbdullahi FSS PSC. Dutse General Hospital located in Dutsemetropolitans no. along Kiyawa road, Dutse it covers an area of 500m 800m and it currently it has 200 bed capacities, secondary health facility serving as a referral centre or all PHES in Dutse and Kiyawa local government areas.

 It also provides for other neighbouring settlements in Kano and Bauchi States. Thus the hospital centre for health care access of 58.58, total catchment population consisting of 2.343 under 1year children, 11.716 children less than 5years, 2.929 pregnant women and 12.888 women of child bearing age.

Human Resource for Health (HRH) of the General Hospital is made up of 76 Nurses, 5 JCHEW, 2.3 CHEW, 11CA, 5 Midwives, 3Combew, 5 Health Information Technicians, 4 Health Information Officers, 2 Pharmacist, 7 Pharmacy Technicians Radio Legist, 4 X-ray Technician, 3 Physiotherapist Laboratory Scientist, 15 Medical Technician, 5 Medical Laboratory Assistant Identic, 1 Dental Therapist,  6 Dental Technicians, 3 Environmental Officers, 10 Medical Doctors, 103 Health Attendants and 93 Casual Staff including NYSC.

General out-patient care accident & emergency, medical laboratory, TB DOTS Ophthalmology, Antenatal Care post natal care physiotherapy, Routine Immunization, Ultra Sound Scanning. Gynaecology X-ray Censing and Testing of HIV/AIDs Outreach Family Planning RVD Management and are PMTCT Services, Surgery Nutrition and Institutional feeding, Health Information and record keeping dental, Environmental Sanitation welfare laundry accounting General administration registry.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

As the research topic implies, the patient attendance data in the Dutse General Hospital, therefore, thus attending the hospital is to know whether that the arrival of patients to the various hospitals have brought about the negative as well as patients to attend the hospital in the strength to the human body.

On the other hand hospitals are provided there, for the purpose of delivering and maintained of health care services within the human society as well as social environment in general. This health is vulnerable and also played a significance role towards the human existence.

This research work provide the appropriate test statistic that would test if there is any significance differences between the patient forecasted data observed data, and to determine if the number of patient attendance increase or decreases based on seasonality (periods).

Furthermore, the research tends to investigate the pattern, distribution of the patients with relation to time (months) for proper evaluation to ascertain priority a Trent and research can investigate reasons for such if any, with a view to plan for those periods with density records of attendance.

1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The aims and objectives that this research work is undertaking is as follows:-

(i)                 To determine whether there is an increase or decrease in patient attendance over the period of 2015 to 2021 in the Dutse General Hospital.

(ii)               To determine years with maximum and minimum out patients attendance.

(iii)             To evaluate tend value for the patient attendance data from the year of 2015 to 2021 using the fitted trend (i.e v= a + bt).

(iv)              To test if there is any significance differences between the female outpatients attendance and male outpatients attendance.

(v)                To determine the seasonality in the female and male out patents attendance data. 

1.4 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of this research is limited to the monthly data of patient attendance collected from the record department of Dutse General Hospital, for the year of 2015 to 2020.

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The main significances that this study is talking about is to highlight the significances of health to our day live activities, mean while to since as the avid line to the government and other interested agencies towards the implementation of various programs that are related to the health, it will help other researchers to know how to start there research using the various

researcher knowledge, and useful and very persuadable to the statisticians and planners to plan for the number of patients that may attend the hospital of Dutse General Hospital for the next coming yeas say 2020 or 2021 and so on. Nevertheless, it help the government to know the total number of patient in the Dutse General Hospital, from the year of 2015 to 2021 for better planning.

Furthermore, this research work tend to consolidate as well as to highlight the benefits as well as the effects regarding to the hospital attendance to the hospital when we are sick, thus, the framework was aim at strengthening our society as well as giving kind of coverage to the community as grass root, the importance of hospitals when we feel any change in our community regarding to health issue.

The research work also tend to examine the oracles with the management as well as the workers of Dutse General Hospital are giving to the patient.

1.6 DEFINITION OF BASIC TERMS

 (i). Hospital:- A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment.

(ii) Patient:- The patient is any recipient of healthcare is most often ill or injured and indeed of receiving treatment by a physician, advance practice, registered nurses, physiotheragist, physician assistant, psychologist, dentist and veterinarian.

(iii) Attendance:- The person or number of person attending something.

(iv) Out Patient :- is a patient who is admitted to the hospital and stays or who is hospitalized for loss than 24 hours.

(V) In – Patient:- is a patient who is admitted to the hospital and stays over-might or for an in determinant time.

1.7 HYPOTHESIS

The statement of hypothesis of the research work are as follows:-

Ho: There is no significant different on the number of base on the gender.

Hi: There is no significant different on the number of base on the gender.

1.8 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

(i). Does the patient attendance to hospitals is the only way to improve our health matters?

(ii). Does the government agencies provide medical facilities to hospitals in order to enhance patient problems?

(iii). What are the causes and effects of patients attendance in Dutse General Hospital, Jigawa State ? 



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