This project is a
statistical analaysis on pupils enrolment in the universal Basic Education in Kwara State
from 1999 to 2009 It was aimed to verify if there is relationship among the
male and female pupils. Correlation and Regression Analysis was used to
analysis the data. From the anaysis we discovered that the number of male and
female pupils does not depend on one another. Also the analysis revealed that
number of male and female increase progresively over the years in the enrolment
and lastly the analysis revealed that male and female are significantly
difference. Based on this findings, we thereby recommends that government
should encourage their staff to embark on public enlighment from time to time.
Title Page i
Table of Contents vi
1.1 Introduction 1
of the Problems 2
and Objectives 3
of the problem 4
and Limitations of the study 5
of Terms 5
2.1 Introduction 8
3.1 Methodology 16
of data Analysis 16
of Data Analaysis 21
of Data 21
Conclusion and Recommendations 38
Kwara state was created from
the old Northern Region of Nigeria in 1967. Although informal education has
been going on in the state since ancient times, formal education started with
the arrival of the European Christian missionaries in the 19 century. Their
arrival brought about the establishment of primary education. This was later
follow by the establishment of secondary education. The number of primary
schools in the state rose to 1171
in 2004. Although the enrolment of pupils in the schools
increased considerably perhaps because of the increased in socio-political
awareness among the people which made them to see the need for self
improvement. As such pupils enrolment in primary school rose to 524,130 in 2004,
likewise the number of teachers in primary schools rose to 14,071 in 2004.
The rise in the number of
primary schools in the state as well as in pupils enrolment in the schools was
perhaps due to the introduction of the universal basic education (UBE) in 1999.
Although the federal government of Nigerian had launched the universal primary
education (UPE) in 1976, the scheme failed because of the problems of
insufficient funding, limited infrastructure, inadequate number of teacher and
poor management resulting from improper planning.
The universal basic education
was the result of the 1948 universal declaration of human rights, which
stipulated the right of every citizen on the world to education every member
nation of the united national including Nigeria is signatory to this
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The continued appearance of
school age children having along the streets of major towns in Kwara state,
Nigerian calls for immediate attention. The non-schooling gap created as a
result of this is unprecedented while the dropout rate continues to increase.
Although the universal basic education program has not been placed on a sound
The failure rate of pupils in
schools is unprecedented while the school system seem to have been played with
various vices such as moral decadence, truancy, indiscipline and total neglect.
The issue of whether pupils enrolment were increasing or decreasing in primary
and secondary school in Ilorin East local government was the problem which this
study intended to examine.
1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The survey is embarked upon in
order to study the admission parttern of student in Ilorin East Local
government in Kwara
The following are aims and objectives of the
verify if gender depend or year of admission
make a yearly comparisons on admission
determine the yearly admission of female pupils
test if there is linear relationship between the admission of the gender.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PROBLEM
As pupils enrolment is very
important in the state, Ilorin East local government needs to get enough funds
to execute the program. The aim of this study is therefore to look critically
into the problems facing pupils enrolment in universal basic education in Ilorin east local
government area. It is also to proffer solutions to the problems in order to in
turn be able to provide good and knowledgeable students for the populace.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
What is the enrolment growth
rate in primary and junior secondary schools in Kwara State, Nigeria?
Are there adequate number of
teachers in primary school and junior secondary school for the universal basic
education in the state?
What are the average class-size and teacher
pupil ratio in primary and junior secondary school in the state?
What is the projection of
pupils enrolment in primary and junior secondary schools in the state between
1999 and 2009?
What is the projection of
teachers for the universal basic education in the state between 1999 and 2009?
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
Though the findings of this
study are intended to be generalized to all Nigeria students as a whole, but
the work was limited in scope to only the primary and junior secondary school
in Ilorin East Local government area of Kwara state since 1999-2009. The study
relied on the data collected from Ilorin East local government in Kwara State.
However, dealing with the
whole Local government in the state/country will be much expensive, time-
consuming, energy-wasting and tedious.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
LITERACY: the ability to read and write with
understanding a simple statement related to one’s daily life
LITERACY RATE: The number of literate adults
expressed as a percentage of the total population.
AUTOMATIC PROMOTION: All pupil are promoted to
the next grade every years, regardless of achievement
EQUITY: fair treatment for all
GROSS ENROLMENT RATIO (GER): The total enrolment
of pupils in a grade or level of performance.
NET ENROLMENT RATIO (NER): The number of pupils
in the school age group
COMPLETION RATES: The percentage of children
who complete a given cycle of education
DROP OUT RATE: The percentage of pupils enrolled
in a given grade
PUSH-OUT RATE: The percentage of children who
reach the next stage of formal schooling but are prevented from continuing e.g
competitive selection, lack of facilities available etc.
OUT OF SCHOOL CHILDREN: Those in lose official
school age group who are not enrolled in school
BASIC EDUCATION: Basic education meets peoples
basic learning needs prior to people making critical decision in terms of going
directly in to the labour market or furthering their education through higher
formal qualification prior to entering the job market later in life.