LIST OF TABLES
SECTION A. DEMOGRAPHIC DATA RESPONDENTS
Table 4.2.1: Sex distribution of
Table 4.2.2: Age distribution of
Table 4.2.3: Marital status of
Table 4.2.4: Educational attainments of
Table 4.2.5: Occupational of respondents
SECTION B RESPONSES OF THE RESPONDENTS
Table 4.3.1: Examination malpractice
discourage hardworking of students. 25
Table 4.3.2: Some students indulge in
examination malpractice as a result of fear of failure. 26
Table 4.3.3: Over emphasis on paper
qualification should be reduce. 26
Table 4.3.4: Some student engaged in
examination malpractice manifestation intellectual dishonesty. 27
Table 4.3.5: There should be leadership
by example 27
Table 4.3.6: Some student discourages
Table 4.3.7: Some student indulges
examination malpractice as a result of psychological factors such as fear of
Table 4.3.8: Over emphasis on paper
qualification should be reduced. 29
Table 4.3.9: There should be leadership
by examples. 29
effect of examination malpractice on academic performance of student (In
Jigawa state polytechnic Dutse.
growing menace of examination malpractices in our school is becoming worry some
and distributing phenomenon, day after day examination malpractice in higher
institution of learning in Nigeria and more especially in Jigawa state metropolis will not be fully
apprehended expect judicious effort is effort is excepted to outline some term
skills however, require distribution between among other type of examination
from educational examination which is the frame work of this study
may mean different things to different people dependent on the profession and
the carrier of the person defining the conception just doctors examine their
patience to know how well they so, do teachers examination their mastered given
concept and examination, Salam 1999.
examination can be defining as a systematic way of content of a subject or
pupils or student have acquired after a given period of time by their teachers.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
problem of examination malpractice existed since colonial period. This is the
tendency to the cheating and the form of dishonesty to existence of making.
From creation, this problem is always very glorying in the human existence
where composition is normally being, however in schools where there is spirit
of composition. In other hand examination malpractice would be first record
incidence of examination.
(1997) confirms that further regulations the public examination occurred in
1970-1974-1977, and 1984. This made the federal government of Nigeria to set up
the alexander and Segbedan and Oyo tribunal. The tribunal stagnated to leakage
similarly, eventually promulgated to check mate preparing in 1991 university of
Calabar expelled 24 students over this phenomenon. A female student who wrote
examination for her mother in Benin university and she was expelled. Between
1995 and 1996,1997.23 students were expelled from the university of sokoto too
and other university as we as tertiary institution in various states across
to ANCOPSS journal volume five 5,1998 the oldest and the commonest method known
to almost every one going in to examination hall with already made answer and
especially in the case of female students. These is also giraffe which is an
animal that lives in forest, it has a long neck so students adopt his style be
stretching their neck out to see what the next person setting closed to them is
predicated answer to respected question for transferring in to the scripts.
other or more advanced students to write then examination for them.
students to substitute their answer scripts will better once after the
examination (charge of booklet sheet).
lecture point in micro-computer and de-cording and re-celling them for use in
points or answers sheets in global system mobile (G.S.M) and texts them on back
on a paper or scripts.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH
malpractice has for long been behavioral problem in the Nigeria educational
system examination malpractice, has its dangerous trends on the danger.
(2018) revels that such malpractice has become so much deep in students and the
educational system that the culprits are often ready to deal with anybody or
groups that will stand between the malpractices.
research looked at those problems to trace the causes of examination malpractice
in higher institution. The educational has assessed that if not checked and
eradicated examination malpractice new million could jeopardize man power
development in fact this researcher would also like to share the view and
submit that such malpractice and render a back future for Nigeria as the over
effect could spread to both the economic development and the security of nation
without controversy. However, it is highly believable that the study of an
examination malpractice will no doubt go long way of review the long digress
students behavior obtainable on our composes.
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTION
Research question are very instrumental in every
research work because in addition to other function the research on the various
rows to take and do the following question:
the students in the school of social science where engaged in examination
malpractice of manifestation of intellectual dishonest?
some of the student indulges examination malpractice?
examination malpractice discourages hardworking of student?
examination malpractice makes students to develop poor attitude to study?
1.4 AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The following are aims and objective of
the study research which involves.
To find out the pattern of examination malpractice
To find out the causes of examination malpractice
To find out the effect of examination malpractice
To make suggestions and recommendations on the examination malpractice
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
is the most important terms in every
research that would be reliable and verifiable. The following are research
hypothesis which include;
The Fear of failure can lead to examination malpractice.
Hi= Failure to prepare does not lead to
Too much emphasis on paper qualification can also lead to examination
Too much emphasis on paper qualification cannot lead to the examination
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of the study is the change
the maximum and rehabilitate students on the right causes.
This study is esteemed to forward a
sustainable solution and to lead a helping hand in offering solution to
examination malpractice. It’s also an attempt to have a foresight in the future
in order to avoid having graduate who will be major policy makers the bright
fortune of our great Nation.
this topic of research is to lectures the process whereby the student used in
malpractice during examination and to provide the possible ways that will
amount the problems of examination malpractice of students in higher
institution and different level of education.
1.7 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE
scope is to seek data regarding the effect of examination malpractice on
academic performance of student (As a case study of Jigawa state Polytechnic
obstacle is the limited time of the study and financial support as well as the
1.8 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE
Jigawa state polytechnic came into being
following the taking over of the Hussaini Adamun polytechnic by the federal
government and its subsequent conversion to Hussaini Adamun federal polytechnic
Kazaure in 2007. Since then the polytechnic was taken over, three of its
constituent parts namely college of legal and Islamic studies Ringim, college
of Agriculture Hadejia as well as college of Business and Management Studies
Dutse were left independently as monotechnics.
Having been left without any science and technology course. The future of
college of Business and management studies (C B M S) became apparently blink
due to the fact that for any polytechnic to be accredited it must have 70% of
its course in science and technology related field. During that period of
improbability on its continuous existence due to the near absence of all the
cardinal pillar for running a full blown polytechnic; came the emergence of
Alh. Sule Lamido as the Governor of Jigawa state who within some few month of
coming to office signed a bill for the establishment of Jigawa state
polytechnic and approved the creation of additional college of science and
technology (C S T).
state polytechnic has three (3) college namely college of Environment and
Engineering, college of Science and
technology as well as college of Business and Management Studies all head by a director. The polytechnic is
currently running ten (10) accredited courses, of Higher National Diploma (HND)
programs in Accounting, Public and Business A administration as well as
Computer Science, Statistics, Bio-chemistry, Environmental Biology,
Microbiology and Physic/electronics as well as Higher Diploma in Social
Development, twelve (12) National Diploma course in Computer Science, Science
Laboratory Technology, Statistic, Electrical and mechanical Engineering,
Welding and Fabrication as well as Architecture, Accounting, Public and
Business Administration, Quantity Survey, Environmental health technology, Building
Technology, Social Development. It also running sixteen (16) Diploma courses in
social administration, crime management and control, purchasing and supply,
marketing, business, public administration, accounting, office technology and
management, library and information science, mass communication, mechanical
engineering, electrical and electronics, human resource management, local
government studies and development, industrial chemistry as well as civil
engineering, diploma in applied statistic, computer system and networking. Each of the department is being headed by
head of department (H O D) who is answerable to the Rector.
area of staff training, the TETFUND has made it easier and has supported and
still supporting in staff training, some of it activities include, scholarship
to the staff of the institution to study or forward their education abroad in
Master and PHD program, over 40 of the staff has partake in these exercise in order to acquire more skill and knowledge,
some of the staff has also participated both local and international conference
and seminal. The TETFUND also play roles
in area of institutional bass research, help in publication of books and
journals, also make available machineries to the school of engineering,
infrastructural development e.t.c
shows that the TETFUND is playing a significant role in area of personnel
training and development in order to acquire more skills and knowledge to meet
the present and global competition.
1.9 DEFINITION OF CONCEPT
can be seen as the systematic way of the content of a subject pupils or
students have acquired after a given period of time by their teachers (salaam
is an improper, illegal or negligent professional behavior and it can be
regarded as way (oxford dictionary 7the edition).
Is defined as any deliverate act of wrong doing, contrary to the rule of
examination design to give a candidate an unfair advantages or able frequently
to place a candidate at a disadvantage. (professor Dr malami Umar Tambuwal).
A change which is a result or consequences of an action or other cause, or a
result or change of something (Wikipedia, com.)
Pertaining to area of study that are not primary vocational or pure mathematics
especially one for higher institution. (hard son 2017).
Is an examination that involves the evaluation of an individual performance
when he is confronted with concerted task, (Edward 2018)
1.10 PLAN OF THE STUDY /OUTLINE CHAPTERS
main purpose of carrying out this researcher work (project) is to show how the
project comprises only fives chapter which includes, chapter one deals with,
introduction, background of the study, statement of the problem, aims and
objectives, research hypotheses/research question, significance of the study,
historical background of the study, Definition of the terms concepts, Plan of
the study/outline chapters References, while chapter two deals with, literature
review and theoretical frame work, introduction, conceptual
framework/literature review, empirical literature, negative consequences,
preventive measure for examination malpractice, ways of managing examination
malpractice, Theoretical frame work, Classical test theory, References. Chapter
three which deals with research methodology, introduction, research design,
population of the study, sample size, sampling techniques, method of data
collection, research instrument, methods of data analysis, references. chapter
four, data presentation and analysis, introduction, demographic data of the
respondents, response presentation and analysis, references. Chapter five which
deals with summary, conclusion, recommendations, Bibliography. Appendix,
(questionnaire design) and also all chapters contains references.