• 0 Review(s)

Product Category: Projects

Product Code: 00004840

No of Pages: 56

No of Chapters: 5

File Format: Microsoft Word

Price :



          This study examined the survey of examination malpractice among senior secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.  Three (3) out of the (12) twelve public secondary schools and two (2) private secondary schools were selected for the study.  Hundred (100) out of the three hundred and five (305) teachers in the selected schools were used for the study.  The questionnaire was employed for data collection and these data were analyzed using tables and percentages (%).  Result from the analysis revealed that both parents and teachers help students in carrying out examination malpractice.  The study offers practical recommendations to education policy makers and administrators, and human resource professionals on how to reduce the rate of examination malpractice among senior secondary school students.  Also included are suggested areas for further studies.


Title page                                                                                         i

Certification                                                                                    ii

Dedication                                                                                       iii

Acknowledgement                                                                         iv

Abstract                                                                                           vi

Table of Contents                                                                            vii


1.1     Background to the Study                                                      1

1.2     Statement of Problem                                                           7

1.3     Research Question                                                                 8

1.4     Purpose of the Study                                                             9

1.5     Significance of the Study                                                      10

1.6     Limitations                                                                                      10

1.7     Definition of Terms                                                               11


Review of Related Literature                                                                  12


3.1            Research Design                                                                    31

3.2            Population of the Study                                                        31

3.3            Sample                                                                                   31     

3.4            Instrument for Data Collection                                            32

3.5            Validation of the Instrument                                                         32

3.6            Reliability of the Instrument                                                          33     

3.7            Administration of the Instrument                                        33

3.8            Method of Data Analysis                                                     34


Presentation and Interpretation of Result                                     35     


5.1            Summary of the Study                                                          47

5.2            Conclusion                                                                             49     

5.3            Recommendations                                                                 50     

5.4            Suggestion for Further Studies                                            51     

References                                                                                        52

Appendix                                                                                         54







1.1     Background to the Study

          Examinations in Nigerian schools dated back to the advent of formal education in the country in the 1800s and it was patterned after the British system.  As such, the 1987 ordinance made provision for examinations in schools that have attained the requisite percentage of proficiency (Adesina, 1990; Bandele, 2005).  Towards this end, all secondary schools in the country are expected to teach their object is to meet the requirements of examination bodies for the senior secondary school certificate organized by the West African Examinations Council and the National Examinations Commission (FGN, 2004).

          In Egor Local Government, examinations are either internal or public.  Internal examinations set by teachers in the form of class tests and end of term examinations.  Public examinations on the other hand, are examinations that are conducted in the public interest by recognized examining bodies that were not, involved in organizing instruction or preparing students for the examinations (Addison, 1990; Slami, 1992; Adeyemi, 1998).  Notwithstanding the importance of examinations in the educational system of the state, the instances of malpractices during examinations have been identified (Cromwell, 2000; Aeyegbe, 2002).  These malpractices include misrepresentation of identity or impersonation, cheating, theft of other students’ work, tampering with the works of others; bringing prepared answers to examination halls, unethical use of academic resources, fabrication of results, and showing disregard to academic regulations (Gross, 2003; Owuamanam, 2005).  These vices have been regarded as academic misbehaviour capable of truncating an educational system (Glasner, 2002; Ogunwuyi, 2005).  They have also been regarded by researchers (Omotosho, 1992; Hurwitz and Hurwitz, 2004) as dishonesty in examinations perpetrated by a person or a group of persons.

          Common observations in the local government show that examination malpractices occur in both public and private secondary schools.  Although, some researchers argued that examination malpractices occur at a high rate in public schools (Baiyelo, 2004; Daniel 2005), other researchers (Ijaiya, 2000, Igwe, 2004) were of the view that examination malpractices occur at a high rate in private schools.  None of these researchers have been able to identify whether or not examination malpractices was at a higher rate in public schools than in private schools.  The argument therefore is, are the public secondary schools more involved in examination malpractices than private schools in the local government?  In the past two decades, common observations in the school system showed that public schools were engaged in examination malpractices at a high rate while private schools were model schools (Aghenta, 2000; Adeyegbe, 2002).  These days it is common to find students who failed the senior secondary certificate examination in public schools going to retake the examination in private schools and at the same time passing the examination with credits and distinctions in such schools.  It seems that the need to have good results in public examinations and advertise their schools to prospective students in the wake of money making appears to have led many private schools to be involved in examination malpractices.

          Divergent views have also been made about the rate of examination malpractices in urban and rural secondary schools in the country.  Some researchers (Ugo, 2004; Akpan et al, 2005) were of the opinion that examination malpractices were high in urban schools, other researchers (Lathrop and Foss, 2000; Onipade, 2003) had the view point that examination malpractices were a common feature in rural schools.  They argued that it is common to find students who failed the senior secondary certificate examinations in an urban school going to a remote rural school to retake the examinations.  At the end, such candidate tends to obtain good results with credits and distinctions in the rural schools.  Some of the reasons given for this include the lack of effective supervision and monitoring of public examinations in rural schools (Al-Methen and Wilkinson, 1992; Tairab, 1992; Odeinde, 2003).  Hence, students seem to be left to massive cheating in such examinations.

          On the national setting Olugbile (2004) conducted a study on the examination malpractices in secondary schools in Nigeria and found that malpractices in senior secondary certificate examinations were at a high.  He reported that out of 909,888 pupils who sat for the senior secondary certificate examinations in year 2002, 95,519 of them were involved in examination fraud, while out of the 929,294 pupils who sat for the examinations in year 2003, 11,969 of them were involved in examination malpractices.  Supporting these findings, Onyechere (2004) reported that the National Examinations Malpractices Index for Nigeria increased from 10.5 in 2002 to 12.1 in 2003 indicating that of every 100 pupils who wrote WAEC senior secondary certificate examinations in 2003, 12 were involved in examination scandal.



1.2     Statement of Problem

          The persistent occurrence of examination malpractices has been a major concern to educationist.  Despite the high premium placed on examinations by the National Policy on Education (FGN, 2004), it seems that examination malpractices have not been properly addressed in Egor Local Government.  Common observations have shown that there is mass cheating in public examinations in the local government.  Nothing concrete has been done to reduce the problem except the cancellation of results for a particular centre or the withholding of results in certain subjects.   The problem of the study was that finding a lasting solution to the issue of examination malpractices among secondary school students in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.

1.3     Research Questions

          In addressing the problem, the following research questions were raised:

1.                 What are the perceived causes of examination malpractices in public examinations in secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State?

2.                 What are the identified devices used in examination malpractices in secondary schools in the local government area?

3.                 Is there any significant difference in teachers’ perception of examination malpractices in public and private secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State?

4.                 Is there any significant difference in teachers’ perception of examination malpractices in urban and rural secondary schools in Edo State?

5.                 What measures are currently taken to discourage, prevent or otherwise address cheating in public examinations in secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State?

6.                 What measures should be taken to discourage, prevent or otherwise address cheating in public examination to the schools?

1.4     Purpose of the Study

          The study aims at examining the perceived causes of examination malpractices among students in secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria and proffer useful suggestions on the way out of the problem.

1.5     Significance of the Study

          The result of this study will help in improving the level of discipline among students through counselling services in schools.

          It will also help teachers at effective supervision of students during examinations, and finally it will help in the termination of appointment of examination officials and teachers involved in perpetrating examination malpractices so as to serve as a deterrent to others.


1.6     Limitations

          This study is limited to only five secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State, this is due to lack of adequate finance and time constraint.

1.7     Definition of Terms

Examination:     This is a formal test that is normally taken to test your knowledge of a subject.

Malpractices:    This is a behaviour in which someone breaks the low or the rules of their profession in order to gain some personal advantage.

Schools:    this is a place where children are educated or were children are taken to learn.

Perceived: This is to realize, see or notice something that is not obvious.

Causes:     To make something happen especially something bad or unpleasant.  The person or thing that makes something happen.

Solutions: This is a way of dealing with or removing a difficulty.

Click “DOWNLOAD NOW” below to get the complete Projects


+(234) 0814 780 1594

Buyers has the right to create dispute within seven (7) days of purchase for 100% refund request when you experience issue with the file received. 

Dispute can only be created when you receive a corrupt file, a wrong file or irregularities in the table of contents and content of the file you received. 

ProjectShelve.com shall either provide the appropriate file within 48hrs or send refund excluding your bank transaction charges. Term and Conditions are applied.

Buyers are expected to confirm that the material you are paying for is available on our website ProjectShelve.com and you have selected the right material, you have also gone through the preliminary pages and it interests you before payment. DO NOT MAKE BANK PAYMENT IF YOUR TOPIC IS NOT ON THE WEBSITE.

In case of payment for a material not available on ProjectShelve.com, the management of ProjectShelve.com has the right to keep your money until you send a topic that is available on our website within 48 hours.

You cannot change topic after receiving material of the topic you ordered and paid for.

Ratings & Reviews


No Review Found.

To Review

To Comment