EFFECTIVENESS OF TAXATION IN NIGERIA IN COMPARISON WITH OTHER NATIONS OF THE WORLD

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Product Category: Projects

Product Code: 00006004

No of Pages: 43

No of Chapters: 5

File Format: Microsoft Word

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₦5000

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION.. 1

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.. 1

1.2.     STATEMENT OF THE GENERAL PROBLEM.. 2

1.3      OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY.. 3

1.4.     RESEARCH QUESTIONS. 3

1.5.     RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS. 3

1.6.     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY.. 3

1.7.     SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY.. 4

1.8 DEFINITION OF THE TERMS. 4


CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW... 5

2.0 INTRODUCTION.. 5

2.1 THE HISTORY OF TAXATION IN NIGERIA.. 5

2.2 LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL ISSUES. 8

2.3 PROBLEMS OF TAX COLLECTION.. 10

2.4 PROSPECTS OF TAX COLLECTION.. 12

2.5 CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD TAX SYSTEM.. 13

2.6 DRIVING INSTITUTIONS TO TAX POLICY AND TAX ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA.. 15

2.7 THEORETICAL ISSUES. 16


CHAPTER THREE.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY.. 18

3.0 INTRODUCTION.. 18

3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN.. 18

3.2 POPULATION OF THE STUDY.. 19

3.3 SAMPLE SIZE DETERMINATION.. 19

3.4 METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION.. 19

3.5 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS. 19


CHAPTER FOUR.

DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION.. 20


CHAPTER FIVE

5.0      SUMMARY CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION.. 33

5.1 DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS AND CONCLUSION.. 33

5.2 FINDING ……………………………………………………………………………….30

5.3 RECOMMENDATION 34

APPENDIX 34

REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………………………33





 

ABSTRACT

The research work effectiveness of taxation in Nigeria in comparison with other nations of the world aimed at finding out if Nigeria’s taxation system is effective; the study came up with the objectives to compare Nigeria’s taxation system with other Nations of the world, examine the effect of an effective taxation system, to examine the implications poor taxing in Nigeria, To identify ways Nigeria taxation system can be improve upon. The study made use of primary data which was obtained from the distribution of research questionnaires. The sample size for the study was 60. The study concluded that Nigeria’s taxation system is effective. Recommendations were made to assist the federal government of Nigeria in tax administration and budget planning.






CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Taxation to every country is bedrock for revenue generation which when adequately carried out could lead to a speedy socio economic development just like in the advanced nations of the world. Ariwodola (2001) described tax as a compulsory levy imposed by the government authority through its agents on its subjects or his property to achieve some goals. Arnold and Mclntyre, (2002) define tax as a compulsory levy on income, consumption and production of goods and services as provided by the relevant legislation. Tax is a charge imposed by government authority upon property, individuals, or transactions to raise money for public purposes. This definition is however imperfect. The study of the teachings of Christianity, Islamic and other prominent religions in the world shows that tax is a religious duty based on social and civil responsibilities (Agbetunde 2004). They all support and encourage tax imposition either to redistribute wealth or to finance government project. The Nigerian tax administration is in line with the British model of tax administration since 1960 and has been operating this up to 1990 when the self-assessment scheme came into play which seems similar to the American model of tax administration system (Adesola 2004). The British model of tax administration assumes tax payers are incompetent as to tax process and tax authorities do not rely on information supplied by tax payers. Returns of the tax payer are carefully verified through the application of the American model in reference to the rigid British model. The American model despite the advantages that can be derived from its application has not found a good place in Nigeria because all the phenomenon that made it a success in America such as voluntary compliance system, competence of tax payer, efficient data processing system which aids detection of fraud are still not present the Nigeria context. Consequently disadvantage has adversely impacted on local government tax system since they are part of the ruling process in the state. Such impact has generally been based on problems associated with collection, assessment and returns procedures in the local government area. There is doubt on how efficient the tax authority and other bodies participating in the collection of tax and make returns to the local and state government. In an economy like Nigeria where great reliance is placed on one source of revenue by the state government, the understanding and appreciation of the significance of tax as a source of revenue is of paramount importance. This is not only to enable one the opportunity to examine potential revenue generated in the state but to enable the decision makers and government to appreciate the need for administration changes within the context of tax system. In this study, effort was made to assess Lagos State tax administration system and how it could serve as a veritable tool for revenue generation of the state. The result of the study shows that tax administration affects the revenue generated by the government and that there is a significant relationship between tax administration, tax policies and tax laws.

1.1.         STATEMENT OF THE GENERAL PROBLEM

Ineffective taxation has greatly hampered Nigeria’s economic development. Most advanced nations in the world today do not joke with their taxation system as they have an effective tax system. There are minimal cases of tax evasion in these nations and that why they are more developed when compared with their African counterparts.  Nigeria tax policies have seen many organizations evade tax or pay less than what they are supposed to pay which has greatly affected the internally revenue generated to enhance development.

1.2.         OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The main objective of the study is to examine and evaluate the effectiveness of taxation in Nigeria in comparison with other nation of the world for the purpose of this study the following objectives are expected to be attained .

1. To examine the implications of poor taxing in Nigeria 

2. To examine the effect of an effective taxation system.

3. To identify ways Nigeria taxation system can be improve upon

1.3.         RESEARCH QUESTIONS

    1. What is the implication for poor taxing in Nigeria?

2. What is the effect of having effective taxation system?

3.  What are the ways our taxation system can be improve upon?

1.4.          RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H1: Poor taxing in Nigeria brings about low revenue generation

H2: Nigeria tax system is effective

H3: There are several ways of improving taxation generation

1.5.         SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study would be beneficial to the government in helping them draft a holistic tax policy that would help boost revenue and ensure development. This study would also be of importance to researchers and students who are interested in Nigeria taxation system and its comparison to other countries of the world.

 

 

 

1.6.         SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This study is restricted to the effectiveness of taxation in Nigeria in comparison with other nations of the world.


1.7  DEFINITION OF TERMS

Some technical term, which features in this work are defined to enhance letter understanding of the research work.

Taxation: taxation refers to compulsory levy impose on private, individual institution or group by the government.

Tax: tax is the money paid by the citizens, according to their income, value of goods purchased etc to the government for public purposes.

 Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.



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