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Product Category: Projects

Product Code: 00007444

No of Pages: 50

No of Chapters: 5

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Feul is a major factor among many others influencing transport cost and transport rate in Nigeria. This aim of this study to examine the effect of price hike in Hussaini Adamu Federal polytechnic Kazaure. The study made of sample random sampling and responses were delivered from the staffs of the company using questionnaires. Findings from the study reveals that increase in fuel price affect student attendance and profitability of transport. The study recommend above all things that government should ensure they bring back the fuel subsidy policy and more so transportation companies should seek for more strategies that would helf them remain in business in the face of low patronage from passengers and student during fuel increment, Implement financial aid programs or subsidies specifically aimed at supporting students with transportation expenses. This could involve collaboration between educational institutions, government agencies, and private organizations to ensure that students have affordable and reliable means of commuting to and from school.


Title page    -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -  i

Approval page -   -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -                  -ii

Declaration           -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -iii

Dedication -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -iv

Acknowledgments -       -        -        -        -        -        -                  -        -v

Table of contents  -        -        -        -        -        --       -        -        -        -vi

Abstract      -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -vii




1.0 Introduction  -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -1

1.1 Background of the study area     -        -        -        -        -        --       -2

1.2 Historical background of the study area.-      -        -        -        -        -        -3

1.3 Statement of the problem -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -4

1.4 Objective of the study      -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -5

1.5 Research Questions -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -5

1.6 Research hypotheses        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -6

1.7 Significance of the study  -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -6

1.8 Scope and limitations of the study      -        -        -        -        -        -        -7

1.9 Definition of terms  -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -7

1.10 Plan of the study-  -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -8


2.0 Literature Review    -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -9

2.1 Fuel subsidy - -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -11

2.2.          Historical overview of fuel subsidy removal in Nigeria -        -        -        -13

2.3 Transportation -      -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -14

2.4 Transport costs and transport rates -   -        -        -        -        -        -16

2.5 Impacts of fuel subsidy on the factors affecting transport costs and transport rates -          -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        --       -17



3.0 Introduction   -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -22

3.1 Research design       -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -22

3.2 Population of the study     -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -22

3.3 Population sampling         -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -22

3.4 Method of data collection  -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -23

3.5 Method of data analysis    -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -23



4.1 Data Analysis -        -        -        -        -        -        -                  -        -24

4.2 Discussions    -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -26

                                         CHAPTE FIVE


5.0 Introduction   -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -28

5.1 Summary of the Study      -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -28

5.2 Conclusion     -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -28

5.3 Recommendation -   -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -29






Price fluctuation in the market for fuel has a constantly evolving effect on the logistics industry. Rapid increases in the price for fuel can have a delayed and devastating effect on freight management companies, and a sudden fall could result in short-term boosts in profit and a surge of competition within the market to provide consumers with the lowest price.

One of the major components of globalization is the transportation sector, which plays a very significant role in daily activities and the economy. During the 20th century, trade scale changed from local to global and therefore freight transport system became a global network. In particular, freight transportation is one of the most important economic activities. Freight transport has been growing even more rapidly than passenger transport and is expected to continue to do so in the future (Ribeiro et al, 2007). Truck, train, and ship are the three common transport vehicles being used for movement of containers, which are characterized by a number of advantages and disadvantages.

The cost of transportation is an important selection criterion among influential parameters on identifying the appropriate mode of transportation mode for freight shipment. The main challenge of today’s transport costs is oil price. Freight movement in most modes remains largely dependent on expensive and finite fossil fuels, predominantly diesel fuel (Russell et al, 2014).


Fuel price is one of the most important factors effecting transport cost, which comprises more than 50 percent of the total operating cost for the transportation industry nowaday's (Ribeiro etal 2007).

Since the sensitivily of transport operation cost to the oil price change varies significantly across shipment modes, the oil price has become an important factor in freight mode choice (casamassima etal noordin etal 2009).

Revealed that the sensitivity of fuel costs of road mode and railways, crude oil price was 50% while maritime was 100% since maritime fuel are expected from government taxation. Therefore: most single factor affecting the rail price of Diesel fuel is the price of crude oil (noordin etal 2009).

Crude oil as an energy source is a vital component that determine the condition of the world economy (masweeney etal 2008).

It's price fluctuation impact on all industrial sector whether directly or indirectly. Be it in banking, energy, retailing or transportation industries. The impact of oil price on transport sector depends upon three issue, which are the relevant of the oil price on the cost of the energy used for each transport mode, to what extent oil price is transferred to transport fuel price and the relations weight of the energy cost on total operation cost for each model (casamassima etal 2009).

Fuel price are cost of transportation industries and a direct cost to consumers.

For my own view, they estimated the influence of doubling of crude oil price on transport cost of road and rail freight was 10% while for maritime was 50%. As the cost of fuel rises, carries are forced to raised price to take losses . In turn the cost of fuel does not only effect the logistics company but also the shipper and profit source of the shipper as well. It is an outward domino effect, if it cost more for the freight carriers to transport the freight, the shipper is going it be charged more to make up for this if the shipper is going to be charged more to transport the freight, the receiver is going to be charged more to make up for their added cost.


Hussaini Adamu federal polytechnic kazaure is located along Kano-Daura In kazaure local government area of jigawa State, it is 1.5km away from the town center. The division police headquarter is an important man made feature adjoining the site which is located beside the polytechnic. The campus land mass is 123.9hacter. the coordinates of the side are latitudes (N20 37' 09' and 8° 26' 59E). It remains the only federal polytechnic around Jigawa Kano and Katsina State till the moment which strengthen it's centrifugal factor of attracted student from far and near. Morethan 50% of population of student stay in halls of residence location in the main campus while the campus extension is presently an academic area for the school of administration and management studies, school of agriculture and social of environment studies (ses) that has just being completed.

HAFED Poly kazaure the polytechnic come into being in December 1991, the year Jigawa State was created by the federal government to provide opportunities from education advancement of it's citizens. The polytechnic was named jigawa State polytechnic edict NO.

1st December, 1991 with four colleges sperated across the state (college of engineering and technology and the central administration at kazaure, college of business and management studies at Dutse, college of Islamic studies and legal studies at Ringim and college of agriculture at Hadejia.

Hajiya rabi was the pioneer rector of the polytechnic who served from January 1992 to February 1994. She was succeeded by Alhaji Muhammad Abubakar who served from April 1994 to November 1999. It was during his tenuer that the polytechnic was renamed Hussaini Adamu federal polytechnic in order to immortalize the late Emir of kazaure.

Muhammad Abubakar was succeeded by Dr Mas'ud Adamu kazaure who served from December 1999 to October 2010. It was during his tenuer in January 2007 the federal government took over the polytechnic, hence the name Hussaini Adamu Federal polytechnic, the institution held it's first convocation ceremony, giving out certificate and notional diploma to 6,024 student who had graduated between 1992 and 2008.

Dr.Mas'ud Adamu kazaure was succeeded by Abdullahi maikudi Nuhu who served in acting capacity from 27th October, 2010 to 27th July, 2011. Dr. Kabiru Ibrahim matazu, MNI, was appointed as the rector after Abdullahi maikudi Nuhu by president of the federal republic of Nigeria Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonothan from 23rd December, 2011 to 22nd December, 2015. Mrs Gaji Bello Hussaini served as acting rector from 23rd  December, 2015 to 27th November, 2016 . The incumbent rector of the polytechnic is Dr. Sabo Wada Dutse, he was appointed by the president and commander in chief of armed forces federal republic of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari, GCFR with effect from 4th November, 2021 to date.


The impact of removing fuel subsidy in the short-run is increase in transportation cost and transportation rate which directly and indirectly affect the cost of physical distribution, material handling, marketing, logistics and overall production. In the middle-run, the citizenry struggles to adjust for the market competition to surface and in the long-run, market competition is expected to fall the price of fuel. But it is quite obvious that fuel subsidy was totally removed in the current administration without provision of efficient infrastructures and other forms of energy which can all serve as close substitutes to fuel and make life comfortable. The government thought that sudden removal of fuel subsidy is the way out for a better Nigeria but the negative effect of fuel subsidy removal is highly severe on the citizens.

Hence, this study seeks to investigate the effect of fuel price hike it effect on commercial transport as it affect student attendance in Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure or across the nation Universities and institutions.


The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of increase in fuel price it effect on commercial transport as it affect student attendance in Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure. The study specifically aimed to:

1.     To examine the effect of increase in fuel price on student of Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure.

2.     To investigate/analysis the effect of increase in fuel price on commercial transport.

3.     To determine the effect of increase in fuel price and the impact of removing fuel subsidy as it affect student attendance in Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure.


1.     What is the effect of increase in fuel price on student of Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure?

2.     What is the effect of increase in fuel price on commercial transport?

3.     What is the effect of increase in fuel price as it affect student attendance in Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure?


H0: Increase in fuel price affect  student of Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure the increase affect the student going to school some do not get the money to go school on time , some went out and find the money before they go.

H1: Increase in fuel price make student go to school on their foot because they don't have money to pay for car or taxi.

H2: Increase in fuel price has made many student at Hussaini Adamu federal polytechnic kazaure unable to attend lectures due to the lack of car money and no one will pick them without giving him money.


This study will enable the government of Nigeria to see the need to put measures in place to subsidize fuel in the country and avoid unnecessary hiking of the fuel price. This study will also help transport companies and some higher institutions to draft a good strategy and mechanism to always curb the fuel hike issues in the nearest future. This study will further serve as an eye-opener to the general public to know that whenever there is a fuel hike in the country, transportation tends to be expensive. This study will also serve as a reference piece for future research on this or related domain.


Scope: This study will focus on investigating or analyzed  the effect of increase in fuel price it effect on commercial transport as it affect student attendance in Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure. This study will be delimited to only the student of Hussaini Adamu federal polytechnic kazaure.

 Limitations: Finance, availability of time and relevant materials were the major constraints that the researcher encountered while carrying out this study.  


Analysis: A detailed examination or investigation of a subject to understand its nature, structure, or underlying principles. In the context of your statement, it suggests a thorough examination of the relationship between fuel price increases, commercial transport, and student attendance.

On the Increase Fuel Price: Refers to the rising costs of fuel, specifically in the context of this analysis. It implies a focus on understanding the consequences and implications of higher fuel prices.

Effect on Commercial Transport: The impact or influence that the increased fuel prices have on the commercial transport sector. This could include changes in operational costs, efficiency, and overall functioning of transportation services.

Affects Student Attendance: This part of the statement indicates that the analysis will explore how the changes in fuel prices and commercial transport directly influence or affect student attendance. This may involve looking at factors such as transportation availability, costs, and accessibility for students.


The researcher adopts a discriptive approach, which enables the researcher to gather analysis and interpret the set of data, which were used for explanation of underlying factor that surround the need of this research work. Survey approach was used becouse it helped the researcher in the collection of data using questionnaire which involves mainly the fieldwork of this study.

This research work is organized in five chapter.

Chapter one concern with the introduction which consists background of the study, statement of the problems, historical background, objectives of the study, significance of the study, research hypothesis, scope and limitations, Definition of the terms then the plan of the study.

Chapter two highlight the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.

Chapter three deals on the research design methodology adopted in the study.

Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding

Chapter five consist of summary, conclusion and recommendation made of the study.

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