TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover page i
Background of study
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope or Delimitation of the study
Assumptions of the study
Clarification of major variables and
Concept of motivation
Motivation and business studies
Contributors to students motivation
Validity of the instrument
Administration of the instrument
Research question one
Research question two
Research question three
Research question four
Research question five
Discussion of findings
Summary of the study
Suggestions for further research
OF THE STUDY
issue of academic performance in business education in our secondary schools
has become the concern of parent’s government and every citizen in our society.
It is evident by the level of failure in the junior secondary certificates
examination and other examination results taken in business in Nigeria.
to the National policy on Education (2004) Business education known as business
studies at the secondary school level is splited into the following components
or subject areas: shorthand, office practice, book-keeping and typewriting at
the junior secondary school level while at the senior secondary school level we
have shorthand typewriting economics, commerce and accounts.
the National policy on education of (2004) it was stated that the preparation
of the individual to fit into his society and train his mind to understand the
world around him” is one of the goals of education. Based on this, the student
must be motivated to learn and become part of the learning process in the
school. By being motivated in various ways such as the use of appropriate teaching
aids for example typewriter to teach typewriting lesson, the use of good
teaching methods, good classroom management. (Alaba Olaleken 2002), with all
these, the students will put in more effort as their interest is stimulated.
present system of education makes provision for business studies at the junior
secondary level. Consequently, a large number of the students enroll for these
subjects in both the junior secondary school examinations.
studies subjects should be taught by well – qualified and knowledgeable
teachers in the area of the subject matter. Parents and student need to be well
informed about relevance of each subject being taught in the secondary schools.
This will encourage or motivate students to study harder especially those who
are interest in such career.
identified some of the factors that could motivate students at the secondary
schools level, the next question that comes to mind is who is largely
responsible for the task of motivating students to take up each subject being
taught in their various schools? It is course the teacher.
the governments together with the parents and the general public on several
occasions have attributed the poor student’s performance in business studies to
teacher’s nonchalant attitude to work (Ali, 2003).
concise Oxford Dictionary (2000), defined a teacher as “one who give lessons
especially at school” therefore is expected to achieve the National objective
of education by directing the learning of students and at the same time
motivating them to take up subjects that will be of use to them in future.
the classroom management by the teacher should be done effectively to achieve
the stated objectives.
could be seen that motivation is one of the essential tools for behavioural
modification or social control in the instructional procedure of informing,
explaining and question. Therefore, business studies teachers need to
demonstrate high sense of dedication and commitment to the teaching of the
subject to reflect the high performance place on it as a core subject by the
OF THE PROBLEM
performance of students in junior secondary certificate examination (JSCE) in
business studies is appalling. Various factors have been adduced for poor
performance of student is the subject area. The interest of students in
business education, student’s task
orientation and skill acquisition, students personality and self concept (more
1973), feeling of inadequacy (Callahan, 1971), shortage of qualified teachers
(Ohuche, 1970), poor facilities, equipment and instructional materials for
effective teaching (Oshibodu, 1984, Akpan 1987).
OF THE STUDY
study sought to explain learning outcomes junior secondary business studies in
terms of motivating students towards academic gains in the subject.
study is guided by the following questions:
Does motivation have any impact on
students academic performance is business education.
Does a task value have any significant
role on student’s motivation?
Does the teacher have any relevant role
in improving the performance capabilities of the students through motivation?
Does a student require any incentive
before they could perform well in their academic work?
Does the family motivation determine the
rate of student’s performance in their school work?
There is no significant difference in the impact of motivations of academic
performance of male and female students in business studies.
There is no significant difference in the academic performance of highly
motivated and lowly motivated students in business studies achievement test.
OF THE STUDY
study will be to the government, educationist, teacher, employers of labor and
the parent – teacher association as it exposes to them some of the problems
which affect high performance in business studies.
findings of this study would help provide ways in which students can be
motivated toward effective performances in business studies. The suggestions
and recommendations to be made in this study will assist the different groups
and agent concerned with curriculum and instructional development in making
appropriate decisions regarding improvement in the teaching of business studies
which would finally increase their performance.
this study will seek to provide the future educationist the solution on how to
increase student performance in business as well as in other related subject.
1.7 SCOPE OR
DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
study is limited to five (5) secondary schools in Shomolu local government area
of Lagos state. These are:
Eva Adelaja Junior Secondary Grammar
Baptist Junior High School
Igbobi Junior Girls High School
Gbagada Comprehensive Junior High School
Morocco Comprehensive Junior High
OF THE STUDY
In the light of
this study, the following assumptions have been made:
It is assumed that students can be
motivated in school to improve their performances.
Effective classroom management in
schools by teachers can go a long way to motivate students to improve
Teachers with high morals due to job
satisfaction can achieve the goals of motivation betters than teachers with
Finally, this study assumes that the school
environment and the student socio-economic background has a part to play in
motivating the students.
OF MAJOR VARIABLES AND TERMS
of the terms and concepts used in this study have loaded meaning and
application. It is therefore necessary to define them, as they would be used in
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