The child abuse menace is as old as the birth of
the first child, until very recently child maltreatment has never been seen as
a social problem. It was falsely assumed that such physical punishments are
supposed to correct had behavior and ensure conformity. But the consequential
distorted personality of the child disproves the assumption. This study aims at
showing that it is only through the care of children will one gain experience
and develops interest in finding out more about the affliction of the Nigerian
child. In addition, the researcher hopes that who are able to read this will
get to know and pray that the past experiences of these silent suffers will
serve to prevent tomorrow’s children from similar fate.
Cover page i
Title page ii
Approval page iv
Table of content iv
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 background of the study 1
1.2 historical background 3
1.3 statement of the problem 6
1.4 objective of the study 7
1.5 research Questions 7
1.6 scope of the study 8
1.7 significance of the
1.8 definition of terms 10
2.0 Literature review 12
2.1 Definition of child abuse 12
2.2 Causes of child abuse and
2.3 Sociological implication of
child abuse and neglect 20
2.4 Children view on child abuse
and neglect 22
2.5 How to prevent child abuse
and neglect 24
2.6 conclusion/ summary 27
techniques/ procedures 29
for data collection 30
Presentation and Data Analysis Result
4.1 Introduction 32
4.2 Data analysis 35
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
5.1 Introduction 38
5.2 Summary 39
5.3 Conclusion 40
5.4 Recommendations 41
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
It has been the general assumption that children
with reasonable physical care would grow into normal happy adulthood. But
scientific investigations of psychologists, sociologist and psychiatrists
regarding personality development has uncovered the greater importance of the
growing up and its lasting effects on the total personality of a person. Adult
personality has its root in childhood. What we can do as adult is largely
determined by ways in which we were allowed into experience inevitable events
Thus the aim of this research work is to shed more
light on the issue of child abuse and neglect in Kaduna South Local Government
of Kaduna State.
A child is neglected when he lacks continues
physical and emotional contact with his mother. Children under this category
are those may be due to lose of mother or both parents or the separation of
both parents, thus child may be sent to nursery school or orphanages with many
children which makes it difficult for special individual attention to be
rendered to each child. Those children are therefore brought up by stranger
which could be changed at different times due to the shift of their study.
Child abuse on the other hand can be defined as
the portion of harm to children that result from human action or in action that
is prescribed, proximate and preventable. The definition recognizes that such
harm is no accident but something perpetrated on children by others, usually
intestinally and that the actors inflicting this harm do not enjoy society
approval. It is also point out that abuse generally come from the child
immediate environment and that it is preventable child neglect is a passive
form of maltreatment or abuse UNICEF (1986).
1.2 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Kaduna South Local Government Area was created on
23rd September 1991 by the Babangida’s regime. Hitherto it was part
and parcel of Kaduna Local Government. The Local Government Council has its
headquarter located at Makera, comprising of two districts namely: Tudun Wada
and Makera, each district headed by a district head and supported by village
and wards councilors, Kaduna South shares common boundary with Kaduna North to
the North West. The two districts share common boundary with the other
districts located in the three local government area. Kaduna South has a
population of 373,576 as per 2006 census.
However, in the education, the area is having
about (29) public schools in which (8) primary schools and in Tudun Wada and
(13) in Makera and five (5) secondary schools in Tudunwada and three (3) in
Furthermore, the area is having private
nursery/primary and secondary schools approximately one hundred and twenty four
(124) i.e. 80 in Tudun Wada and (44) in Makera district.
Adult education programmes and constructed apart
from the various vocational training centres, run by various organizations like
(YMCA). Apart from Kaduna Polytechnic as a higher institution of learning.
There is a prison school at Barnawa, Health Institution like the school of Nursing and Midwifery and school of
There are over fifty (50) large and small scale
industries that abound in the local government and some include, textile,
defence corporation, Nigeria Breweries, Peugeot Automobile, KFCC, fertilizer
superphosphate, pharmaceutical company, blanket industry just to mention a few.
To boost commercial activities in the local
government area and the markets and up to R. Tourist attractions and hotels,
the council has six (6) tourist areas and about twelve (12) hotels. Kaduna
South Local Government areas well connected by road, bridges and railway line
Thus, the above mentioned geographical, emotional,
educational and administrative features taken together given Kaduna South its
unique characteristics. It was discover that the habitants have little or no
knowledge of what child abuse is.
Some with dishes roaming the street and begging
for food and aims for certain belief. They were also denied educational pursuit
and a child right to decide for themselves what they want to become in future.
Without being told, you will see for yourself how little children hawk around
from morning till evening for financial support, this researcher strongly,
belief is one of the causes of child abuse and neglect because this kind of
occupation endangers the child’s life and expose him to hard situation.
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The researcher’s concern to delve into the affairs
of CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT in Kaduna South Local Government Area of Kaduna
State becomes necessary because the record available to this researcher shows
that since the creation of Kaduna South from the former Kaduna local government
there was not been any necessary attempt for research work into the activities
of child abuse and neglect.
However, it is widely believed that the good image
of any social or community depend largely on the social background of its
children. Therefore, the problem of child abuse in the local government has
been a total neglect in large extent. A situation brought about probably by the
undesirable element in our society mostly associated with women folk and partly
perhaps the government who have not given enough attention to the ugly
situation in the area but rather sitting on chairs in offices. Based on this,
the researcher will seriousness wishes to know the activities to the authority
concerned with the affairs of child abuse, towards educating the people of the
area and of course suggest ways on how to improve and implements their
programme towards making the entire area a conducive place of living.
OF THE STUDY
The following are the objectives of the study:
To identify the factors responsible for child
b. To determine the factors responsible for child
identify the factors responsible for child abuse
d. To determine the rating of the factors responsible
for child abuse
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following research question guided the study:
absence of either parent in any family setting can also perhaps bring about
b. Roaming the street and begging for food and aims for certain belief will
equally bring in child abuse
The act of
ignorance among the parent will make a child not go to school but hawk all day
and that also brings in child abuse
d. The occupational pressure of the working parent is
also a contributing factor to child abuse
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is the opportunity to do or achieve
something which children are being abuse of more to say, production of two many
children to the wide world and not taking care of them should be eradicated by
family planning to space the recreation of babies.
However, the absence of mother in any family
setting can also perhaps bring about child abuse and the study is out in
looking for the suitable solution of resolving it, through the government and
the societal people to be aware of the child to try to come affection, warmth etc.
Finally, the scope of the study is to improve the
standard of living of clued not by seen
influence by an absent of one parent and two much of giving birth of babies.
The government should Endeavour to encourage
agencies to treat such a social ill or evil in the society.
1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study is an attempt to provide evidence and
identify pattern of child abuse and neglection with a view to offering
suggestion and recommendations that will date the level. This study would be of
immense value to parents, counseling teachers of low level of educational and
children. The finding and suggestion resulting from this study will go along
way in helping parent and guidance to know irritating iterance or actions, it
have on youth and children or young once which can be economically,
psychological or society which will enable parents, adult to adjust in order to
ensure smooth development of children. It will also addressed the practical
problem which when left will cut at the very root of civilized ethics
particularly significant at present a
bold attempt to go into an area of scarcity literature.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Child: Child is defined as a dependent person in the
custody of a parent or guardian for protection of his/her life.
Abuse: Is any deliberate act by a person: group of
person of society designed to inflict on a child or parent normal, mental
physical, emotional and normal development.
Neglect: This usually occurs when families fail on their
own part to provide the necessary need fro their children such as food, medical
care or being deprived of essential need of life or it is a situation were one
show a sign of suffering or lack of care and attention.
care: This is care which is
supposed to be given to children by those who are responsible for looking after
them provide them with child care facilities.
Abuse: Those are cruel
treatment of children by adult involving violence or sexual activities which is
capable of affecting physically, mentally and psychologically.
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