Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorder
in human that is characterized by increase i n blood sugar level above which
the blood cannot tolerate. It is disorder that has reduced life expectancy I n
individuals and has constituted serious health threat across ages and se. this
study investigated into the prevalence, awareness, cause and health
implications that can affect job performance among staff or tertiary
institutions(Yaba college Technology and St. Augustine college of Education) in
yaba local government area of Lagos state. The study adopted survey research
design because it involve seeking for the opinion of the population of the
staff (academic and non-academic) on the awareness, prevalence, causes and
management of diabetes and as it affect their health status and job
performance. The researcher found out that higher percentage of the
participants is prone to having diabetes due to lack of daily and routine
exercise and a life style that care less for consumption pattern. Other
important findings of the study are that diabetes may be traced to other health
complications in human, among which include nerve damage, kidney problem, heart
failure, circulatory problems, stroke, eye problems etc. The respondents generally obliged to the fact
that there is an established link between cognitive deficit and diabetes (i.e
people with diabetes have greater rate of decline in cognitive function.)Hence,
an individual in the education sector who is living dangerously around diabetes
irrespective of types is generally not going to be productive in academic
matters. The study therefore recommends that adequate dietary control and
routine daily exercise should be cultivated by every individual to help reduce
the risks of having diabetes and that individual should regularly go for
routine checkup and follow doctors and experts’ advice and recommendations to
stay healthy and remain productive in their job performance.
TABLE OF CONTENT
of Content V.
Background to the study 1-3
Statement of the Problem 3-4
Purpose of the Study 4
Research Question 4-5
Research hypothesis 5
Significance of the Study 5-6
Scope of the Study 6
Operational definition of Terms 6
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE 7-21
Three: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Design of the Study 22
Area of Study 23
Population of Study 23
Sample and Sampling techniques 23
Instrumentation – check chapter
Instrument for Data Collection 24
Validity of Instrument 24
Reliability of instrument 24
Method of Data Collection 25
Method of Data Analysis 25
FOUR: PRESENTATION OF RESULT 26-32
FIVE: CONCLUSIVE AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary of finding 32
to the study
being present (insulin makes it possible for body cells to take in the glucose)
(Richard and James, 2010). Insulin is a
hormone that is produced by the pancreas. After eating, the pancreas
automatically release an adequate quantity or insulin to move the glucose
present in the blood into the cells, as soon as glucose enters the cells,
blood-glucose level drop. A person with diabetes has a condition in which the
quantity of glucose in the blood is too elevated (hyperglycemia). This is
because the body does not produce enough insulin, produces no insulin, or has
cells that do not respond properly to the insulin the pancreas produces. This
result in too much glucose building up in the blood. This excess blood glucose
eventually passes out of the body in urine. So, even though the blood has
plenty of glucose, the cells are not getting it for their essential energy and
growth requirement (Riserus and Willet, 2009).
is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cell of the
body not responding properly to the insulin produced (David, 2011). According
to Richard and James (2010). There are three main types of diabetes mellitus,
Type 1 diabetes which usually results
from pancreas failure to produce enough insulin the particular cause is known.
It is not known. It is also called juvenile diabetes.
Types 2 diabetes which begins with
insulin resistance and it is a condition in which cells ail to respond to
insulin properly. Common in adult and primary cause is excessive body weight
and not having enough exercise.
Gestational diabetes which is common
among pregnant women.
As of 2014, an
estimated 387 million people have diabetes worldwide with type 2 diabetes
making up about 90% of the cases (International Diabetes Federation, 2014).
This represents 8.3% of the adult population with equal rates in both women and
men (Frank, 2014). From 2012 to 2014 alone, diabetes is estimated to have
resulted in 1.5 to 4.9 million deaths each year (WHO, 2013), and the number has
been estimated to rise to 592 million by 2035 (Frank, 2014) which calls for a
national concern of this terrible disease.
One major consensus among most
medical expert is that major cause of diabetes is due to changes in food habits
and activity patterns over the last 20years. According to cash (2014), the
changes in food habits include:
Increased reliance of food consumed
outside the home.
Increased consumption of soft drinks.
Increased consumption of fast foods.
Reduction of (physical education) in
Elimination of recess at school.
of the problem
Diabetes is a common and
life-threatening disease among both the young and the old. IT results when the
body cannot metabolize glucose. When this take place, a number of vital
mechanisms break in the human system with a lot of life threatening
consequences. Diabetes has been associated with food consumption (International
Diabetes Federation, 2014). In Nigeria where poverty is very prevalent, people
consume anything that comes their way. Even some the elites and the educated that are above averages
in terms of socio-economic status also do not have adequate nutritional
knowledge about food intake. This has possibly led to a lot of people having
diabetes without their knowledge of it.
If diabetes complications is
allowed to become so critical, it can render the individual unproductive and
make them become a burden not only to their family but also to the society,
their contribution in the work place become significantly reduced and cannot
contribute meaningfully to the economic growth of the nation. Hence, the need
to find out the general level of awareness of people concerning the dreaded
(Diabetes), risk factors of people with respect to their consumption pattern
and the presumed health implication if the disease is not promptly controlled.
of the Study
The general purpose of the Study is
to investigate into the general level of awareness and knowledge of diabetes
mellitus, the various risk factors that people are ignorantly exposed to and
the health implication of Diabetes if left unattended to. Specifically, the
study examined the following:
The extent of Awareness and general
knowledge of diabetes among the tertiary education staff.
The consumption pattern of staff that
can pre-disposed them to diabetes
What the staff presumed to be the cause
and health implication of diabetes.
The effects of diabetes on the job
performance of the staff.
Based on the above
specific purpose of the study, the following question guided conduct of the
What is the extent of awareness and
general knowledge of staff on diabetes mellitus?
What is the consumption pattern of staff
that pre-disposed them to having Diabetes?
What are the presumed causes and health
implications of diabetes?
What are the effects of diabetes on the
job performance of the staff?
The following null hypotheses were tested at
probability level (5%) of significant difference using t-test statistics.
Male and female staffs are not significantly different in their awareness and
knowledge about Diabetes
is no significant difference between teaching and non teaching staff in their
disposed consumption pattern.
is no significant difference between staffs in health related disciplines and
staff who are not on the presumed causes and health implication of Diabetes.
of the Study
The following of this Study may be of significant to
the following people:
Diabetes patients, Academic and non-academic staff,
the researcher, the medical personnel, the Nutritionists and Home-Economists.
For instance, the result may help to create awareness about the extent of
prevalence and the danger of diabetes among the academic and non-academic staff
of the institutions involved. It may help them to know their terms of whether
they are diabetic or not. It may also inform them to seek for immediate medical
attention and what to do to manage the disease.
The findings of the study may also provide useful
nutritional information concerning the management of diabetes so that people
can have improved lifestyle and stay healthy.
of the Study
The study focused on the awareness, knowledge risk
factors, causes and health implication of diabetes disorder among tertiary
education staff. It covered the staff of 2 Federal institutions based in Lagos
State (Saint Augustine College of Education, Akoka and Yaba College of
Definition of Key Terms
mellitus: is a
metabolic disorder in which an individual has high blood glucose as a result of
poor response of the hormone called insulin.
diabetes: high blood glucose associated with pregnancy.
1- diabetes: a juvenile diabetes common and
prevalent during early adulthood or teenage years.
Type 2- diabetes: a
non insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes primarily caused by
excessive body weight and lack of exercise in individual.
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