study based on public relation and it’s impact in the banking
industry (a case study of GTbank Kaduna branch). The study adopted survey research
method using questionnaire as the instrument for gathering data. In writing this
project, the research begin with a general introduction of the subject matter,
statement of the general problem, as related to the organization rationale or
objectives of the study, the scope of
the study, limitations of the study and
definition of terms. Review of related literature of the scholars are also
highlighted in notable areas. Other areas of interested study include the
methodology of the entire research work, this include methods or approaches used, instrument used, research
population and sample size, sampling procedure employed, justification for
sample selected, statistical technique
used in analyzing the data as well as the formulation of
the findings of the research, 97% of respondents were positive on the fact that
public relations help in building favourable image for an organization. The
study therefore concludes that public relations are a veritable tool for
maintaining favourable image for every corporate organization.
Title Page - - - - - - - - - - i
Declaration - - - - - - - - - - ii
Approval Page - - - - - - - - - iii
Dedication - - - - - - - - - - iv
Acknowledgement - - - - - - - - - v
Abstract - - - - - - - - - - vii
Table of content - - - - - - - - - viii
Introduction - - - - - - - - 1
Statement of Problem - - - - - - - 4
Aims and Objectives - - - - - - - 4
Significance of the Study - - - - - - - 5
Scope of the Study - - - - - - - 6
Limitation of Study -- - - - - - - 6
Research Hypothesis - - - - - - - 6
Theoretical Framework - - - - - - - 7
History of Case Study - - - - - - - 10
1.10 Definition of Terms - - - - - - - 12
Public Relation as a Case
Study - - - - - - 14
Public Relation Strategies in
an Organization - - - 20
Purpose and Philosophy of
Public Relation - - - - 25
Public Relation Department - - - - - - 28
Functions of Public Relation
Department - - - - 30
History of Public Relation - - - - - - - 32
History of Public Relation in
Nigeria - - - - - 33
Research Design - - - - - - - - 36
Research Instrument - - - - - - - 39
Method of Questionnaire
Administration - - - - 42
Sampling Population - - - - - - - 42
Sample Size - - - - - - - - - 43
Sampling Technique - - - - - - - 43
Area of Study - - - - - - - - 44
Statistical Technique in Data
Analysis - - - - - 45
Data Presentation and
4.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - 46
4.2 Discussion of Research Findings - - - - - 57
Summary - - - - - - - - - 66
Conclusion - - - - - - - - - 67
Recommendations - - - - - - - - 68
The business world can be extremely competitive,
companies typically want to have something that makes them stand out from the crowd,
something that make them more appealing and interesting to both members of the
public and the media. A favourable image can help increase a company’s sales
and negative publicity can damage a company’s reputation and decrease sales.
Public relation (PR) can give consumer and the media a better understanding of
how a company works. Within a company, a public relation department might also
be called a public information department or a customer relations department
assist customer if they have any problem with the company. They usually try to
show the company at its best.
Public relation department also might conduct
research to learn how satisfied customers are with the company and its
products. There are many tools and methods that a public relations department
can use to enhance a company’s image. The tools that have been traditionally
used include news releases and announcement that are sent to the media, news
letters that are sent to customers and appearances at public events, such as
trade shows or conventions. With the proliferation of the internet, PR
department can now use tools such as blogs and social media net works to
accomplish their goals. Many people have the perception of public relation (PR)
as a way to “sprier” news and information, which means to portray the news or
information in the best possible way for the company. If a company announces
layoffs, its public relation department might claim that the company is
lowering its costs and making itself more efficient, so it will be better able
to serve its customers at lower prices. As long as those things are true, then
the public relation department is doing its job of protecting its reputation
and image. Stretching the truths are exposed. There include a high level of
communication skills, both written and verbal. A public relation person (PR)
also must be adapt at multitasking and time management. He or she might have
some form of media background or training to understand how the media works.
Organizational and planning skills also are important in public relative. A
public relation employee must be able to work well under pressure.
Finally, in most large companies, public relation
is specialties in itself guided by specific disclose regulations.
of the Problem
Public relation can be difficult, but it can also
be fun. There’s nothing more rewarding than knowing that the people you reach
are walking away with valuable information whether they choose to take
immediate action or not. A favourable image can help increase a company’s
sales, and negative publicity can damage a company’s reputation and decrease
sales. The question then is, how far has public relations been able to achieve
the set objective over the years in banking industry. Thus is what this
research is out to examine.
of the Study
The study is on public relation and its impact in
the banking industry aimed to achieve the following objective:
- To examine how public relation programmes are being
used by GTB in improving its prestige and image with the public.
- To find out how often do the bank undergo special
events like formal press conferences and grand openings.
- To examine the bank’s public service activities
such as chainable donations and sponsorship of events.
- To determine the varieties of marketing
communicators use by the bank such as media releases, news conferences and
article placement, to generate publicity.
of the Study
The study both theoritical and practical
application as the relevance, it is not only academic but practically oriented
in management related business outfits. The study is on practical fulfillment
of the award of Higher National Diploma (HND) in marketing. The work will be of
benefit to the management staff of Guarantee Trust Bank (GTB) Kaduna through
recommendation offer by the researcher. The work will be of benefit to the
researcher because his mental faculty toward the subject matter will be
In the course of the study the following research
questions was developed.
- How often do the bank undergo public relation
programmes in a year?
- How does the bank carry out its public service
activities like event sponsorship/donation?
- Who unbehalf of the bank handle formal press
release and conferences.
1.6 Scope of
The scope of the study is on “public relation and
its impact in the banking industry”. The scope will also cover various
definition of public relations, historical perspective of public relations,
impact, role, skills needed in public relation department and steps in public
relations programmes etc. the scope will be restricted to GT Bank Kaduna
1.7 DEFINITION OF OPERATIONAL TERMS
Public relations: This
is an activity aimed at increasing communication and establishing favourable
relationship between an organization and its public. It is also a planned and
sustained effort to establish and maintain goodwill and mutual understanding between an organization and its public
are group of people with which an organization communicates. Publics are also
those who are affected by an organizations activities e.g employees, neighbours
potential employees, consumers, opinion leaders, share holders, youth,
community, politicians etc.
entail a process or means through which an aim is achieved tools are also
things or instruments that help you carryout your duties.
way two or more things behave with each other.
of public relations
company, industry or business enterprise.
is the process of finding out or discovering what is not previously known.
is an art of planning an operations it is also a skill in managing an affair.
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