importance of housing to man cannot be over emphasized, because housing is one
of the three basic needs of mankind right from the time of early man.
point can be generalized till date virtually all federal government initiatives
targeted at improving the lives or rural dwellers have failed due to poor
planning, corruption and avarice by government officials and their
it is not surprising that the country side national wide has remained rustic
and undeveloped all those years.
example, epileptic electricity supply which is a general; problem in Nigeria is
worse in Gbo-Owo area and other villages around, and also lack of motor able
roads and portable water supply is a serious problem in rural areas in Nigeria.
of inadequate road network, many farmers go through hell to evacuate their farm
produce from the farms.
these problems mention above are major problems facing people in Igbo-Owu,
Ifelodun Local Government Area.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of content
Statement of the
objectives of the study
Scope of the
Types of housing
Rural housing needs
Who is low income earner
Rural housing finance
Source of rural housing finance
Types of infrastructural facilities
Maintenance of infrastructural
Research of data
Method of data
Method of data
Nature of housing in Igbo-Owu
presentation and analysis
Location of the
facilities in the study area.
5.0 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS.
5.1 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Housing is a physical structure used for
shelter; it includes all equipment, facilities and amenities needed for healthy
living of the occupants. Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory propounded in (1976).
Decent housing is one of the basic needs
for every individual in the family and community in general.
As a pre-requisite to the structure
which may be refers to security or safety and rank second in the physiological
needs, otherwise called clothing and food in (Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of
needs theory 1976).
To a great extent, the difficulties
examine by housing problem becomes over whelming in recent years. Housing is
one of the paramount necessities of humanity. University it reflects the
culture, and life style of the society. In addition, housing either in unit or
multiple forms is an important component of the physical form and structure of
a community, while the human and family occupants of the house are part of the
living souls and prosperity of the society, (Wahab
Agboola (1998) described housing as a unit of the environment having pronounced
influence on the health, social behavior, satisfaction and general welfare of
he community. If reflects the cultural, social land economics value of a
society as it is the best physical and historical evidence of civilization in a
country (Agboola 1998).
The importance of providing adequate housing
in any country cannot be over emphasized. It is a stimulant of national economy.
Housing is more distinct form just shelter or rood over one’s head.
It is for protection form climate
element like rain, sun ideal disposal of household and human waste. There
should be sufficient space for wealthy living and privacy security of tenure of
occupancy, provision and availability of space and clean drinking water should
be provided, affordability and access to place of employment, healthcare,
recreation and educational services. A housing frame work will the above
mention characteristics is regarded as an adequate housing. In addition, a
decent house can be regarded as the right of every individual. A great
proportion of the populations of the Nigeria live in sub-standard and
poor housing and in deplorable unsanitary residential environment (Aubvivs 1975).
In Nigeria, the housing difficult
particularly of low income earner have been complicated by condition peculiar to
developing countries with rapid growth, inflate real estate values, speculative
activity, influx of poor immigrants and clack of planning (Wahab 1983).
Furthermore, housing is one of the bases
of human needs; provision of houses through the creation of mortgage is taken
for granted in developing countries, especially in sub-Salinayor Africa (Ovuwone
All government in Nigeria since independence highlighted
housing as a major priority. Unfortunately for over 50 years of its
independence Nigeria is yet to develop a vibrant mortgage market and houses
continue to be provided through the tortuous traditional method of buying land
and building over since years, which could be an individual entire lifetime. In
many cases, such are left uncompleted or individual have to deplete their
entire life saving in order to build a home.
Looking at the statistics, we see that
there are tremendous opportunities in the Nigeria Looking at the statistic; we
see that there are tremendous opportunities in the Nigeria housing sector waiting to
be tapped. We should note that the government alone can not fill the gap, we
should have to leverage on the resources available in the private sector while
also encouraging foreign investment. Government (federal and the sub-natural
government) should focus on providing a favourable investment climate,
infrastructure and mortgage insurance to first time home buyers and how to
middle income families. We must however note that there are challenges to
harnessing the huge potentials inherent. In Nigeria
housing sector and invariably providing affordable housing in Nigeria.
It is necessary to study the problems
associated with rural housing in Nigeria because housing is of great
importance to man. Thus the study will enable us to examine more problems
associated with rural housing in Nigeria, and rural areas.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE
The problem of rural housing has become
an everyday discussion in all quarters of the public and private services of
the developing countries.
This is emphasis by Onibokun (1996 and Nubi 1991) that the shortcoming are inadequate
housing provided for people which indicate that the number of housing provision
is very low to that number of the inhabitants available in the area.
In Igboowu services and facilities such
as electricity which is generally a problem in Nigeria has become worse in
rural areas, also absence of portable water supply and motorable roads absence
of decent building and generally in adequacy of facilities.
Likewise, in Igbowu inadequate
electricity, lack of good road.
Some question must be raised in order to
provide the answer to the problem.
1. Why has rural housing system remained passive?
2. Why is the
socio-economic development having impact of the rural housing?
3. Is there any existing structure of housing that
caters for rural housing in Nigeria?
1.3 AIM AND
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The aim of the study is to examine the
problem of rural housing in Nigeria.
To achieve this aim the under listed objectives are set to be pursued.
To identify the
types of houses within the study
eRural housing condition.
To examine the types
of infrastructural facilities within the study area.
To examine the
problem associated with rural housing and provide and appropriate
recommendation to the problem.
1.4 SCOPE AND
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
disciplinary scope of this study is to examine the magnitude of rural housing
problem in Nigeria.
the spatial scope is to cover the Igbowu area of Ifelodun Local Government Area
of Kwara State.
There are many constraints, which limit
the extent to which the research for this project ought to have been carried
information: The information collected was not enough during the research
because some of the people in the study area due to non-educated they refuse to
disclose certain information for the project work. However, we have to enlighten
and persuade them to disclose certain information which is necessary for the
success of the dissertation.
Some of the
respondents felt reluctant to give answers to some of the question thrown to
them while some were against the inspection of their compounds.
facilities: Because Igbowu is located with low income earner there are
inadequate infrastructural facilities and amenities.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF
Housing being universally accepted as one of
the basic needs of individuals as the second after food that is most important
and essential in human life.
The problem of rural housing in the
study area is based on the various factors that serve as impediments to the
successful implementation of housing policies and programmes in rural area.
Housing is considered the most important
factor of rural area problem in Nigeria.
Adequate housing therefore the first requirement for a new develop area in any
This is because, there are so many
problems associated with rural housing development, such as water supply,
adequate and effective buildings, in the study area, there are some mud
structure of building presently which suppose not to be so.
The importance housing delivery is
stressed by Agboola (1998), who asserted tat, without a well organized and
efficient housing mechanism, the goals of rural housing development policy will
be largely in attainable.
1.6 DEFINITION OF
Housing: According to Fenice (1986) he believed that
housing is a wide subject which is difficult to define all embracing terms, he
defined housing as a major human need which traditionally is the collective
responsibility of the society, thus reflects the culture and standard of living
of people and a national and constitutes historical evidence of civilization.
Housing market: According to Olufemi (1993) he said
housing market is a mechanism for supply houses once Hartson (1986) also
defined housing market as a physical area within a local housing units are
linked up in a chain of substitution where every dwelling unit within a local
housing market can be considered as a substitute to every other unit in term of
the shape and the size.
Housing maintenance: This refers to a calculated attempt
to support, sustain or uphold a given property, it helps to ensure that the
house and the high standard facilities provided for the housing layouy during
the design do not deteriorate so as to maintain it’s aesthetic. In order too
ensure workability of housing and its facilities there is need for maintenance.
Housing unit: A housing unit which is also known as
a dwelling unit, is a living space occupied by a household while a household
simplify means a person or group of person living together under the same roof
or in the same building or compound (Fenice, 1986).
Housing density: This refers to the number of houses
per unit space, it can also be refers to as the population of people per unit
area in the housing area. Housing density provides the framework for monitoring
the intensity of land and under utilization of space (Olatunbosun, 1975).
Housing stock: This is number of existing housing
units within a geographical area at a particular period of time. It is
determined largely by the addition of new housing units as well as the
maintenance f the existing ones (Agboola, 1998).