This study aims at
identifying the career opportunities open to adult education graduates.
As a guide to the study, some research
question is posed based on the following.
Identifying people’s awareness of these adult education graduates and
their job potentials.
Whether they are embracing this new programme
in the field of learning with enthusiasm.
And if they are aware of job opportunities available for them. Whether the employers of labour are also
aware of these people content in this regard.
Questionnaires items are used to obtain data
from four groups of people, who are: employers of labour, adult educators,
adult education undergraduates and adult education graduates.
The data collected are analyzed using
chi-square statistical formula to analyze them.
The following among other things are:-
The graduates (adults) are
not aware of their job potentials and even where they can find such job other
People are aware of these
people’s potentials including the employers of labour.
That people embraces the
programme with enthusiasm.
Based on the above findings the following
recommendations were made:
That NUCAE should be involved in creating
awareness to people and the employers.
There should be oneness in teaching sector to
avoid non-indigene syndrome.
Companies should send their staff for further
training to take jobs that are storage to them.
There should be constant review of teaching
style in these instructions to match the even increasing change of today’s
affairs. And many others.
Table of contents
Background of the study
Statement of the study
Purpose of the study
Scope of the study
Significance of the study
Definition of terms
and adult education
Career within an
Career dilemma and career
Adult literacy and career
Research design and
of the study
of the study
and sampling procedure technique
of data collection
of the instrument
of data study
of data collection
of data analysis
presentation and analysis
Presentation and analysis of
Testing of hypothesis
Summary and results
recommendation and conclusion
Implication of the research
Suggestion for further
Education as a
hallmark in this writing has to be originally talked about before conceptual
purpose with which the researcher wants to write about Education.
Education in the
broad science means more than intellectual aspect of it. A.B Fafunwa (1991) knowledgeable states that
in the beginning of the world, Adam saw the animals first before he named them
therefore, no study of history of education particularly in Africa is complete
without adequate knowledge of the traditional or indigenous educational system
prevalent in Africa before the important religion which have influenced Nigeria
education in no small measure are of recent development compared with the
indigenous system of education which is as old as man himself in Africa.
Dr P. Eya (1993) on
the same note said that, every society, simple or complex has it’s own system
for training and educating it’s youth, and education for the good life has been
one of the most persistent concerns of men.
Based on this
acceleration, the period between 1976-1980 witnessed an unprecedented growth at
the level of education – primary, secondary and tertiary institutions in Nigeria, which
in the same vein witnessed the emergency of adult education in this different
Adult education is
such a relatively new field of social practices that is still in the process of
forming new identity. Adult education
describes the process of adult learning in its broadest sense. It encompasses practically all experiences of
matured men and women by which they acquire new knowledge, understanding,
skills, attitudes, interests of values.
It is a process used by adults on their self development, both alone and
with others which is also used by institutions of all kinds for the growth and
development of their employees, members and clients.
Adult education when
compared with other discipline within the field of education has just emerged
unlike older disciplines which have enjoyed systematic research and training.
This exercise is
tackled individually based on orientation, environment, motives, privileges
etc. It could even occur as restraining
in an organization or even for some other motives irrespectively.
Adult education is
also a concept. The acquisition of reading
and writing skills which are to be applied for the development of the
community. Adult education is concerned
with social welfare of agricultural extension and community development. Adult education can be seen to contribute
immensely to the growth and development of a society. It is a lucrative profession that extends in
many directions and not only in teaching profession, hence listing of job
potentialities of adult educators.
Based on the above
knowledge of adult education worldwide which is newly spreading up like a wide
fire, the state is not left out in this educational exuberance, it is on this
that in the year 1973 emerged the ABC university of the air with a view to be
co-operating with the Institute of Management and Technology Enugu and University
of Nigeria Nsukka Programme respectively.
The name is popularly known as School of Staff Development
and Distance Education (SDDE) UNIAIR.
Then, it has time table and courses for the students.
OF THE STUDY
The UNIAIR, in other words, Staff Development
and Distance Education (SDDE) of adult education unit of Institution of
Management and Technology (IMT) Enugu,
and being the unit on an integral point considered among others in Enugu
Metropolis for the purpose of the writing.
This sector of the discipline started in
1978, (SDDE IMT) in conjunction with University Nigeria Nsukka with a view to
have combined programme. Their aim is to
achieve the following objectives:-
To include academic,
political, scientific, social religion and economic knowledge in students in
particular and the public in general.
To create a general desire
To aid teachers in schools
To supplement the work of
teachers in the class
To create an awareness of acceptable life
goals and values
To provide extra opportunity
To explain National
Educational policies to people who might benefit from them.
To provide a form of
education for educational planners to know what people think about their plans.
However, it was in paramount effort to achieve
the sixth objectives above that then Anambra Broadcasting Corporation Institute
as (SDDE) department.
The school has presently the following ND/OND
certificate to offer with lecturers in the diverse course in the department.
ND/HND Uru Mr Business Administration
and Management (BAM)
ND/HND UNIAIR Accountancy
ND/HND UNIAIR Secretarial
ND Man Power Development
ND UNIAIR Mass Communication
They also other the same number of courses
with their counterparts in the full time programme in the above listed
The school has risen the inception, turns out
barges of graduates. All these
departments are under the school of continuing education IMT Enugu which adult
literacy was the conceptual aim with which it was established.
This acceleration period of 1976-1980 unprecedented
growth in education of both junior and adult education, included the school of
continuing education SDDE, UNIAIR Programme in IMT etc. This growth is witnessed by other
institutions of higher learning who indulge in the same adult education
programme exercise OKO Polytechnic, UNN, Esut, etc are all in the game.
OF THE PROBLEM
In the recent past, the Federal Government of
Nigeria launched education for all by the year 2000. To this gesture, Adult education exercise
prompted up in many institutions of higher learning in Nigeria but the
main aim with which this was launched, is still lingering. These adult education graduation graduates
who are opportune to gain from they still find it difficult to make career
opportunities in the fields.
in most cases do not even know on identify the possible employment opportunity
options available to them other than teaching career. These graduates also complained that the
employers are ignorant of the purpose and content of the adult education
programme, thereby refusing to employ them in other jobs they are qualified
overwhelming ignorance which embrace the whole aspect of the sector of
education is also due to lack of efficient and effective guiding principle by
the adult educators who in their own ignorance do not know even how to start to
blend the education of adult and the subsequent awareness to the masses so that
the participants in the programme and employers themselves will be well aware
of these people’s ability in handling jobs and to avoid reluctance in
participation by these adults.
the light of the above facts, this study is designed to investigate career
opportunities available to the adult education graduates in Enugu State.
OF THE STUDY
The aim and objectives of this study is
particularly to achieve the following.
Identify the various job opportunities open
to adult education graduates in the state.
To determine the extent to which these
graduates have secured jobs in the areas of their training and how well they
determine the extent to which the employers of labour know the purpose and programme
content of adult education.
OF THE STUDY
The study is limited to Enugu State
and covers institute of management and technology school of continuing
education, SDDE department. This is so
because of the relative nearness of the programme in the educational sphere,
financial hindrances to go to many places in search of relevant data to agree
with the little gotten from the available texts. Again the people’s indifference and strife to
react positively when asked certain questions.
It was on this note that the researchers made
this with the little at my disposal and therefore limit the study to the above
What are the employment
opportunities available to these graduates and their awareness?
How are these adults embracing this programme
in other to make career in these training?
What is the rate of awareness of the quality
of these people, created to employers of labour by the adult educators?
This study will be tested by the following
HO: People are not aware that employment
opportunities are bound everywhere for adult education graduates in Enugu State
and adults education are embracing the new programme (adult education)
massively to make career.
qualities of training received by these people are made known to the employers
of labour by the adult educators.
OF THE STUDY
This study is important because it will
create awareness and knowledge of employment opportunities which will assist
these graduates in search of jobs that will suit them and their desirable
is also hoped that the study will stimulate other researchers to carryout more
research on the relatively new topic, hence a starting point. Again to create awareness to career
opportunities and thus providing abundant information and knowledge about adult
education. More importantly, the
government, the employer of labour will be aware of the subject matter, content
of adult education programme and therefore place them in their placement
it will be a tribute to the adult education students of SDD department of IMT
to encourage the new entrails for there is more to gain in it.
Adult education as a new course in the field
of discipline has been defined differently by many authors. Agusioba defines it as all kinds of
activities which promotes the progress of the common man. It has been also defined as an education to
educate an adult for world citizenship, social and technological changes,
creative diversions, family living and provision of better education for
illiterates and handicapped adults.
on this careers opportunities for an adult in education can be defined as the
effort by a person out of due, studying to read and write on to achieve special
stall in a field of work to make certificate in such job as a qualification to
enable him continue in such industry for the job. The adult in this sense is just not age but
doing things when it is supposed to be done and not out of due time.
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Education. The Epistemological Debate in Richa Clay
Ltd. Great Britain.
2. Berry Brainley (1991), Adult Literacy Basic Library Association
Publishing Ltd London.
3. Osuala S. (1980), “Ten Years of Adult Education in Nigeria Making
Ourselves feet more” Special Bulletin N.N.C.A.C. Pg. 9.
4. Fafuwa A.B. (1991) The History of United States New York:
Cambridge, the Adult Education Company.
5. James A.F
Stoner (1978) Management, London Prentice Hall
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States New York:
Adult Education Company.
R. Spiegel (1992) Theory and
Problems of Adult New
McGraw Hill Book Company.
D.C. (1981) Introduction to Educational Research Ibadan:
Heinemann Educational Books Nigeria Ltd.
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Inter press Ltd.
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