price of a company stock is an indication of the performance of company where
stock is properly priced, investors can invest in the most profitable companies
based on the stock prices of the companies.
is in line with the foregoing that the researcher has decided to appraise the
efficiency of stock pricing on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
doing thus, the researcher adopted the historical and descriptive methods of
research. Data was sourced through the use of interviews, questionnaires and
journals. The chi-square techniques of data analysis was employed in
conjunction with percentage and tables.
on the analysis carried out, it was found that stock on the Nigerian Stock
Exchange were efficiently priced.
findings reveal that the Nigerian Stock Exchange is faced with a number of problems
such as, the retention attitude of Nigerian investors and also the problem
of an underdeveloped financial system
and finally the oligopoly structure of the NSE does not augur well for
competition and development.
made include the need for government to pursue its current privatization
process with more vigor, and that there should be a significant lowering of
corporate tax rates on publicly quoted companies, which increase public
confidence in the Stock Market, to mention but a few.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Statement of the Problems
Scope of the Study
Significance of the Study
Objectives of the Study
Definition of Terms
Plan of Study
of the Nigerian Capital Market
2.3 Structure of the Nigeria Capital Market
Environment of the Nigerian Capital Market
and Exchange Commission
of the Nigerian Capital Market
on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
RESEARCH DESIGN / METHODOLOGY
Methods of Data Collection
Techniques of Data Analysis
3.5 Research Design
of the Methods and Techniques Used
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
and Operations of the Nigeria Stock Exchange
of Pricing Securities in the Nigerian Stock Exchange.
Efficiency of The Nigerian Stock Exchange
Based on Questionnaires
Based on Profit Ability of Selected Companies
Prices and Profit After Tax of Selected Quoted Companies
of Nigerian Stock Exchange
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
of the Study
economy to remain afloat in it’s bid for survival in today’s globalization,
deregulation and liberalization of markets, it needs to have an efficient
financial system to direct the allocation of its resources capital markets and
institutions, of which the stock exchange is an integral part of have become of,
paramount importance in a dynamic economy as Nigeria.
capital market is a sub-set of financial system that provides the accelerated
growth of the economy. This it does by efficiently channeling fund from
investors into productive sectors of the economy. It serves as an avenue for
government and companies to raise long-term funds to fiancé their activities.
capital market consists of a network of institutions and individuals comprised
of regulators and operators who,
together, facilitate the smooth operation of the market. In other words, the
capital market comprises, providers of funds (investors), users of funds
(companies and governments), intermediaries (stock brokers, issuing houses, registrars)
and regulators (SEC, the Nigerian Stock Exchange and Central Bank of
Nigerian Capital Market is made up of basically two components the primary and
secondary market. The initial sale of securities from the issuing corporation or
government to the investor is done in the primary market. The issuers uses the
funds raised to expand production, build infrastructures and the like very few
investors can be persuaded to tie up their funds indefinitely. Therefore,
securities are usually negotiable,
enabling the initial buyers to re-offer the securities to any interested
party at any prices which is mutually satisfactory. It is, therefore, a
function of securities exchange to provide an arena where such mutually
satisfactory prices may be determined. It is in the regard that it becomes
important to analyze the stock pricing function of the Nigerian capital
OF THE PROBLEMS
result of both institutional and individual investors staking out their hard
earned money in order to earn a reasonable return on securities acquired in companies, it would be necessary
to know whether the shares and securities acquired in companies quoted in the Nigerian Stock Exchange are property
priced. However, there is great need to critically consider the following
relevant problems as regards the research topic:
Lack of information from listed companies
Lack of knowledge of the operations and
functions of the stock exchange.
Difficulty in obtaining quotation in the
Lack of clear understanding of the pricing of
shares and securities in the Nigerian Stock Exchange
OF THE STUDY
the topic suggest, this study focuses on the pricing function of the Nigerian
the study confines itself to history, operations and functions of the Nigerian
capital market in relation to stock pricing.
so doing, the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) will be used as a case study. It
would cover the period between 1996 to 2000.
OF THE STUDY
study would be significant to the following people and in the following ways:
This study would be of great benefit to
market operators like the stockbrokers,
issuing houses and their likes, as it would bring out their short coming in the
area of pricing of securities.
It would also be valuable to public investor
as it would enlighten them on stocks to invest in.
The study would also be significant to
students of fiancé, accounting, economies and business administration, as it
would educate them on the pricing function of the Nigerian capital Market.
The study would assist policy makers in the
Nigerian Capital market in developing strategies that would improve pricing
efficiency and thereby improving the general efficiency as a result.
OF THE STUDY
the light of the pervasive ignorance shrouding the operations of pricing in the
Nigerian capital Market, this study is set to achieve the following specific objectives:
To appraise securities pricing in the
Nigerian Capital Market
To evaluate the various methods used in price
determination of shares and securities.
To inquire into the efficiency of the market
To determine the trend of share prices on the
Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE)
To inquire into the factors that solely
determine the prices of securities in the Nigerian Capital Market.
To find solution to obstacles facing pricing
of securities on the Nigerian Stock
the purpose of this research work, it is desirable to test the hypothesis so as
to make valid conclusions to either accept or reject the assumptions on the
Securities in the Nigerian Capital Market are not efficiently priced.
Securities in the Nigerian Capital Market are efficiently priced.
research work will attempt to answer the following questions:
How fair are prices of securities in the
How relevant are the method of pricing
securities used in the Nigerian Capital market in relation to other methods
How fast does security prices response to
available information on companies performance and the state of the economy.
To what extent do public investors place
reliance on prices of securities in this market.
What correlation exists between prices of securities and
companies levels of economic activities.
THE SECURITIES MARKET:
refers to the market where, the purchase and sale of securities takes place. It
has three dimension i.e the capital market, money market, and secondary market.
is the market for long term capital i.e long term financing assets. It is a
market where long term financing assets are traded including preference and
common stock debentures and bonds.
refers to the new issues market when a firm issues new securities either bonds
or common stock, the securities are sold in primary market since they are new
issues. Once the securities have been
sold, any future sales occurs in the
secondary market. The primary market also exists in the money market.
is the market which exist as a result of future sale of securities which had initially been traded
upon in the primary market.
is the raising of more funds by quoted companies through special issues of
shares to existing shareholders of the issuing company. It is typified by the
on going privatization exercise.
project is organized into five chapters
which is the introductory chapter present general overview information about
stock pricing in the Nigerian Capital Market, statement of the problem which
the study is set to address. The scope, significance and objectives of the
study, and also looked at the basic hypothesis of the study, both the Null (Ho)
and the Alternate (HI).
technical terms that will be used in the course of reporting the finding of
this research are also defined.
reviews relevant existing literatures which focuses on the history, structure,
regulatory environment and functions of the Nigerian Capital Markets. The
securities and exchange Commission and the Nigerian Capital Market
tagged research methodology, outlines the various methods used in data collection, the analysis,
techniques and justification of there
presents the data obtained during the research and their analysis, it also
provides answers to the research questions that were stated under the statement
of the problem.
takes into cognizance the summary, conclusion and recommendations derived
logically from the study. Limitations of the study and areas of further
research were also noted.
1. Yisa A.K (2001) : The role of the Nigerian Stock
in Nigerian Economic Development (Unpublished B.Sc Project)
2. Ekundayo J.O (1990): Evaluation of Development of the
NSE Buries Times, March 5th 1990
3. NWANKWO G.O
(1980): The financial System
Growth Longman Group Essex.