TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of contents v
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
of the Study 1
of the Problem 2
Research Questions 2
1.4 Objective of the Study 2
of the Study 3
of Hypothesis 3
the Study 4
of Terms 4
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE
of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises 5
Growth of SMEs and the contributive Schemes in Nigeria 7
Nigeria Bank for Commerce and Industry (NBCI) 7
Central Bank of Nigeria special Credit Programme for Small and Medium Scale
Enterprises (SMEs) 7
Bank facilities for Small and Medium Scale Enterprises 9
Nigerian Financial System 10
Loans to Small and medium-sized Enterprises 12
Financial Crisis and SMES 14
restructuring and financial structure of SMEs 16
2.5.2. Credit crunch in the financial crisis
and bank loans to SMEs 17
Historical Background of First Bank Nigeria Plc. 21
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Study Area 26
of the Study 27
Size and Technique 28
Data Collection Method 28
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND
4.1 Bio Data of
Based on Research Questions 35
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
of Findings 43
5.2 Conclusion 43
5.3 Recommendations 44
1.1 Background of the Study
Small medium enterprises (SMEs) are
considered the backbone of economic growth in all countries. They play an
important role in Nigerians economic growth, as they constitute 97.2% of the
companies in Nigeria .They also contribute to national development by
positively influencing the distribution of income in both functional and
nominal terms. In emphasizing the importance of SMEs, Rogers, 2014, stated; they
enhance capacity building as they serve
as entrepreneurial training avenues ; they
create more employment opportunities; per unit of investment because of
their labour intensive operations; they achieve a much more relative high value
added operations because they are
propelled by basic economic activities that depend mostly on locally sourced
raw materials; they provide feeder industry services as they serve as major
suppliers of intermediate goods and components to large-scale industries as
well as major agents for the distribution of final products of such industries;
they provide opportunities for the development local skill and technology
acquisition through adaptation. Despite the catalytic role of SMEs in the
economic emancipation of countries, some of their major operational challenges
in Nigeria include financial problems. About 80% of small and medium
enterprises are stifled because of poor financing.
research intends to appraise the impact of commercial banks in the financing of
SMEs in Nigeria, with a case study of first bank plc.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Despite the significant role of SMES, they are largely affected
by lack and insufficiency of funds to operate and expand their businesses. In view
of this commercial banks in Nigeria play financial roles towards meeting the
capital and operational funds required by SMES
1.3 Research Questions
is the nature and roles of SMEs?
is the nature of the financing problem of SMEs?
is the role of commercial banks in financing SMEs in Nigeria?
4. What constitute the financing options of
first bank to SMEs in Nigeria?
1.4 Objective of the Study
appraise the nature and roles of SMEs in Nigeria
determine the role of commercial banks in financing SMEs in
appraise the role of first bank in financing SMEs in Nigeria.
1.5 Significance of the Study
study shall highlight the significance of SMEs to the economy
study shall analyze the roles of commercial banks in financing SMEs in Nigeria
study shall provide financing options offered by first bank plc to SMEs in
study shall serve as a veritable source of information to managers and
is not significant to the economy
is significant to the economy
H0 The financial challenge in SMEs is high
financial challenge in SMEs is low
3 H0 The impact of first bank in financing SMEs
H1 The impact of first bank in financing SMEs is
of the Study
research shall appraise the role of commercial banks in financing SMEs in Nigeria.
shall elucidate the nature and significance of SMEs as well as analyze the
financing challenges of SMEs in Nigeria.
In Nigeria, the small and medium industries Enterprises
investment scheme (SMIEIS) defines SMEs as any enterprise with a maximum asset
base of N200 million excluding land and working capital and with a number of
staff employed not less than 10 or more than 300.The federal ministry of
commerce defines SMEs as firms with a total investment (excluding cost of land
but including capital) of up to N750,000, and paid employment of up to fifty
person, employee relationship, labour intensive operation, simple technology, fusion
of ownership and management and limited access to capital.
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