research work was carried out to examine the influence of motivation on the
performance of Adult learners in Continuing Education Centres in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State. The
questionnaire was considered appropriate for the collection of data from the
respondents because they were all literates.
A total number of 200 respondents
comprising 100 male and 100 female were randomly selected as simple size for
the study with the use of the stratified
random sampling techniques. Two research questions were raised while two
hypotheses were also stated to guide the direction of the investigation . The
data collected was analyzed with frequency distribution tables and percentage
(%) while, the three null hypotheses were tested with the chi- square (X2)
statical tool at 0.05 significance level. Finding revealed that motivation
will significantly influence the performance of adult learners in Continuing
Education centres among others. On the basis of the findings, recommendations
were made towards improving and encouraging adults to partake in Continuing Education in order
to contribute meaningful to the development and betterment of the society.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of contents vi
Chapter One: Introduction
of the study 1
of problem 3
of the Study 3
of the Study 4
of the Study 6
of the Study 6
Two: Literature Review
Meaning of Continuing Education 7
of Continuing Education 9
As learners 10
Concept of Motivation 10
of Motivation in Learning 11
of Participants in Continuing Education
Ikorodu Local Government, Lagos State 14
Three: Research methodology
3.2 Population of the Study 16
3.3 Sample Size and procedure 16
and Reliability of Research Instrument 17
of Research Instruments 18
Four: Analysis of Data
of Research Hypothesis 19
Data Analysis of Bio- Data of the
of Hypotheses 23
Five: Summary, Conclusion and
5.1 Introduction 27
5.2 Summary of the Study 27
5.3 Conclusion 28
5.4 Recommendations 29
5.5 Suggestions for Further Studies 30
of the Study
is the study of what pushes and pulls an individual to start, direct, sustain
and finally end an activity. For example, an achievement activity such as studying for examination.
(2000) defined motivation as the study of why people think and behave as they
do. It is a branch of psychology, which is concerned , with the understanding
of the activation, organization and direct of behaviour. If actions that seem
to lead to the same goal, such as food, are grouped together, it may be said
that these actions are all energized and guided by the same motive (hunger).
learners in Continuing Education programmes need to be motivated in one way or
another to encourage them embrace continuing education programmes with devoted
interest. Continuing education according to Houle (2003) is defined as the planned
and systematic attempt to introduce, review, or alter the competencies of the
professional performance of professionals. IN fact, Wong (2005) defines
continuing education as all learning opportunities which can be taken up after
full time compulsory schooling has ceased or ended. This type of education does
not seem to have an end as long as individual adults are interested in learning
new things, ideas or knowledge to enable them function efficiently and
effectively in their societies. The interest of adults can be captured to
taking active part in continuing education programmes once they are motivated
to learn (Wong, 2005). For example, making a continuing educational learning
environment conducive enough for adult learners or participants to have a
relaxed mind while learning, could attract more people. This involves making
sure that comfortable sittings are provided for the participants of the
programmes. The illumination or lighting of the learning environment can
attract more adult participants of a continuing education centre. Adult
learners are determined to learn even faster hen they are dully motivated.
the instructor of facilitator of continuing programmes must ensure that the
expected needs and of objectives of the adult learners are met as soon as
possible. Jarvis (1992) maintains that the basic motivating factor for adult learners
is need. If an adult has the need of any given form of skill or knowledge, he
or she must develop interest genuinely to acquiring or learning such as skills
1.2 Statement of problem
has been identified as a great force in every human endeavor but the rate at
which adult learners in continuing education and other adult education related
programmes are handled seems to be discouraging. More often than not, adult
learners are found to be complaining of being treated like children just
because they are passing through some learning process. The problem appears to
be complex as the organizers do not seem to have realized the negative impact
this has on adult learners performance.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
study is therefore set to determine whether there is a relationship between
motivation and the performance of adult learner in continuing education
programmes in Ikorodu Local Government area of Lagos State. Specifically, the
study out to:
whether motivation has a significant influence on performance of adult learners
in continuing education centers.
whether teacher’s attitude is a determinant of adult learners’ performance in
continuing education centers.
1.4 Research Question
following research questions were raised:
there significant influence of motivation on performance of adult learners in
continuing education centres?
teacher’s attitude influence adult learners’ performance in continuing
1.5 Research Hypotheses
following hypotheses were stated to guide the study:
will be no significant influence of motivation on the performance of adult
learners in continuing education centres
will be no significant influence of teachers’ attitude on adult learners’
performance in continuing education centers.
1.6 Significance of the study
the study will be benefit to the following individuals.
learners would be the major beneficiaries of this study because they would
learn a lot from the recommendations of this study an its outcomes. They would
be exposed to the concept of motivation and achievement in school. This study
will also motivate them to study hard so
ass to increase their performance rates at continuing education center.
would find this study of great benefit because it will enable them to have
positive perception of motivation and academic achievement of adolescents. The
recommendations of this study will no doubt help parents to motivate
adolescents the more so that they would be of high academic achievement of adolescents.
The recommendations of this study will no doubt help parents to motivate
adolescents the more so that they would be of high academic achievers in the
counselors would also see this study as
beneficial and good because the recommendations will assist them to counsel
people, especially, the adolescents who
are having low academic achievement due to poor or non- motivation by either
their facilitators or their parents.
1.7 Scope of the study
study was focused on examining the concept of motivation as it relates to the
performance of adult learners in continuing education centres in Ikorodu Local
Government Area of Lagos State. Attention was paid to continuing education
centres within the area.
1.8 Limitation of the Study
study was limited to four selected continuing education centres in Ikorodu
Local Government due to time and
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