A review of related literature to my study and
researcher’s personal observation helped me in drawing up the
questionnaire. The items of the
questionnaire were designed according to the problems that were investigated.
The problems of facilities was significant and this
hindered mass participation of students.
The problems of inadequate number of trained and
qualified accounting teachers incurred popularity of the subject in the
schools. The problems of large
enrollment of students in the schools as a result of population explosion due
to the introduction of Universal Primary Education (U.P.E.) made teaching of
accounting ineffective in the schools because of unwieldiness of classes.
The problems of teaching aids and method were identified
and this contributed to students uninterested in taking account in the school.
The implications and prospects of the above findings to
teaching of account in secondary school were equally discussed. Based on the findings, some useful
recommendations on ways and means of improving the teaching of accounts in the
schools were outlined.
Table of Content v
to the Study 1
of the problem 2
of the Research 2
of the Study 3
and Limitation 4
Definition of Terms 5
Militating Against the Problem of
Teaching Accounting in
Selected Secondary School 9
of Accounts 14
are Different Tools for Solving the Problems of
Teaching in the Senior
Secondary School 16
2.4 Evaluation 18
2.5 Summary of Literature Review 18
Methodology and Design Introduction 21
and Sampling Procedure 22
of Data Collection 26
for Data Analysis 27
of Data 29
of Findings 30
of Research 31
of the Study 32
5.3 Recommendations 33
for Further Studies 34
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The efficacy of education as a good tool f all – round
progress in human experience has made many societies especially in Nigeria
to set up promoting efficient and desirable learning. At such institutions the main focus of both
learners and teachers is the acquisition of worthwhile knowledge the
impartation responsibility that really resolves round the teacher.
The purpose of teaching at any level therefore, is to
produce certain desirable changes in the learners. Such changes may be inform of acquiring intellectual
skills, problem solving or the inculcation of desirable attitudes.
The Book – keeping which is the recording fo all
transactions, which involves money or money’s worth in systematic order has
been in existence for a long time.
According to “the Rapid Results Accounting Course” Number
551 page three, it was said that traders in the day of Ancient Babylon kept
their records by writing on clay which was then backed in the sun. It was also said in the book (rapid Result
College Accounting Course No. 551 Pp. 3) that another brought to England by the Normans.
This was simply a piece of wood split into two parts and marked off in
notches the notches representing the amount of goods sole or the amount owing
between one party and another. It was
further explained in the book that modern way of book – keeping which spread to
all over the world today began in Northern Italy
in the late thirteenth century and this system introduces the principle of
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Book – keeping is caused through trading that is buying
and selling of goods either for cash or on credit.
Therefore in business there must be two people
involved. The name given to them are
“Debtor and Creditor” so, for every transaction there must be two entries in
the books of accounts and this two entries are known as “Debit and Credit”.
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH
The purpose for which accounting records are kept in
business may be listed as follow:
To show the trading results of the business that is
whether it has made profit during a certain periods or whether losses have been
Proper accounting records greatly help safeguard the
assets of a business against mis – appropriation and of deterrent against
fraud, especially in large business.
The historic accounting may be used not to measure past
profit but the adopted to show the management of the business which has been
their most profit policies and also the efficiency of various operations.
It has been legally necessary for a long time for certain
kind of business to keep proper accounting records.
IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
The intention of this study is to evaluate the factors
that are responsible for infectivity in the teaching of accounting with
emphasis on Some Selected Secondary School in Ogun State.
To the best of researcher’s knowledge this project is to
pioneering one. Undoubtedly this paper
seek to identify the main problems focusing the teaching of accounting as been
The remedies to the problem in this project will help the
students to develop a positive attitude towards the teaching of accounting in
Conclusively this research project has been carried out
to lay a very good foundation in teaching of accounting in secondary
schools. To this end, it s aim is to
give a grounding in the basic principles of accounting with special reference
to the teaching and of accounting in selected secondary school in Ogun State.
SCOPE AND LIMITATION
In the study of any nature there are bound to be
delimitation and this study was no exception.
The writer covered only some of the problems being faced
in the teaching of accounting in secondary school and the prospect envisaged.
Also the writer hinted himself to cover selected schools
“secondary” in Ogun
The following secondary schools were listed to carrying
out the research:
Mercy International College
Solid Rock Girl’s
Baptist grammar School
The Ambassadors College
Elyon College and Leadership Academy
Also of the above mentioned schools are chosen from only
two local governments in Ogun
It needs be mentioned, however that the extent and scope
of this research have to be limited to the said is schools as a result of some
unevisaged problems which emanated in the course of data collection.
The problems includes that of finance, transport and time
factor unco-operative attitude of some teachers, students and principals in
response to the questionnaire forms were not encouraging and it affect the
validity of this research work to certain extent.
However, efforts were made to bridge the gap created by
this few through oral interview with experience and important personalities in
the field of accounts.
DEFINATION OF TERMS
These are likely terms readers may come across during the
course of studying and reading this project.
MATERIALS: These refer to teaching aid
materials and apparatus used in teaching process.
ACCOUNTING: Is a discipline concerned with the recording analysis
and forecast of income and wealth of business and other entities.
ASSET: Refer to those items that have money value owned by
business and enterprise or organization at a particular point of time.
NOTHES: It represent the amount of goods sold or amount owing.
TALLY TICKS: A piece of wood split into two parts and mark of in
H.N.D.: Higher National Diploma.
N.C.E.: National Certificate of Education.
CREDIT: Money shown as owned by a person in his account with a
DEBIT: A sum of money owing.
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