PREPARATION OF CLEANSING CREAM

  • 0 Review(s)

Product Category: Projects

Product Code: 00000472

No of Pages: 33

No of Chapters: 5

File Format: Microsoft Word

Price :

₦3000

 

ABSTRACT

 

This research work is a detailed study on preparation of cleansing cream. The aim is to prepare cleansing cream of better quality than the available ones in the market. The study explores the work done by some eminent scholars in connection with cream and preparation of cleansing cream. Cream can be defined as an article intended to be rubbed, sprinkled, sprayed on, or otherwise applied to the human body or any part there of, for beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or attiring the physical appearance of the skin, leaving it soft and smooth, thereby making the body look younger. Creams are of different types which include: cleansing cream, eye and lip cleanser, floral oil, nourishing cleansing milk, and softening lotion etc. the present investigation revealed that temperature and concentration of materials have the most crucial effect on creams as manifested by precipitation, and separation and also loss of creamy effect. Cream emulsion containing hydroquinone, lightens and bleaches the skin while cream emulsion containing benzoic acids are agents against microbial attacks on the skin. The materials used in cleansing cream preparation include: paraffin wax, liquid paraffin, stearic acid, borax, and water. Finally, the performance was incorporate into the cream at the temperature of 450C and a white fine cream was obtained as the result of the analysis.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Title page

Approval page

Dedication

Acknowledgment

Abstract

Table of contents

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.1     Introduction

1.2     Aim and objectives of the study

1.3     Statement of problem

1.4     Significance of the study

1.5     Hypothesis

1.6     Limitation of the study

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     Literature review

2.1     Definition of cream

2.2     The historical background of cream

2.3     Classification of cream

2.4     Emulsions

2.5     Emulsifying agents

2.6     The colloid state

2.7     Features of colloidal system

2.8     Types of colloidal system

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.1     Materials

3.2     Method

 

CHAPTER FOUR

Result

 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1     Conclusion

5.2     Recommendation

Bibliography




CHAPTER ONE

1.1     INTRODUCTION

Cream can be regarded as an article intended to be rubbed, sprinkled, sprayed on or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof, for beautifying or altering the physical appearance of the skin, leaving it soft and smooth, thereby making the body look younger. Cream constituents who are found to be the foundation of most creams include:

a.     Fats and oil, which forms the base

b.     Water or alcohol, which acts as the liquid

c.       Emulsion, which holds the mixture together

The improvement in modern technology has led to the production of creams for special purpose. For example cream emulsion containing hydroquinone lightens the skin and it is also known as bleaching cream while cream that contains benzoic acid is used against microbial attacks on the skin, (berg and caster 1978). It is well known in interfacial science that paraffin oil have its importance as conditioning and lubricating agent while borax serves as a cleansing agent. For oil in water emulsion, stearic acid is specially used which is the basic substance in cream preparation and serves as emulsifying agent, with new formulation, improvement, can still be made on the already existing creams as well.

 

1.2     AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

This study aims at preparing cleansing cream of better quality than the available ones in the market. It therefore has the following objectives

i.        To determine the materials used in preparation of cleansing cram of high quality.

ii.       To examine the method involved in preparing the cleansing cream that does not have huge financial involvement.           

 

1.3     STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Over the years, there has been increasingly rapid growth in manufacturing of fake and adulterated creams; the producers produce such cream(s) with little or no effort to use the actual material and method involved in its preparation. When such cream(s) is used, it will cause irritation to the skin because of the inability to use the adequate materials and to test the pH density and viscosity of the cream.

 

1.4     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study will provide effective method of producing cleansing cream with desired qualities. Creams sold in the market when used instead of either cleansing or protecting the skin cause burns and removes the skin. This is caused by either inadequate of mixing the materials in their right proportions or adding one of the cheap ingredients that will either be acidic or basic which reacts with the protein of the body.

 

1.5     HYPOTHESIS

H0      Cleansing cream causes skin irritation

H1      Cleansing cream do not cause any harm to the skin.

 

1.6     LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

This research work is limited to the scope of preparing cleansing cream that does not cause irritation to the skin.

Buyers has the right to create dispute within seven (7) days of purchase for 100% refund request when you experience issue with the file received. 

Dispute can only be created when you receive a corrupt file, a wrong file or irregularities in the table of contents and content of the file you received. 

ProjectShelve.com shall either provide the appropriate file within 48hrs or send refund excluding your bank transaction charges. Term and Conditions are applied.

Buyers are expected to confirm that the material you are paying for is available on our website ProjectShelve.com and you have selected the right material, you have also gone through the preliminary pages and it interests you before payment. DO NOT MAKE BANK PAYMENT IF YOUR TOPIC IS NOT ON THE WEBSITE.

In case of payment for a material not available on ProjectShelve.com, the management of ProjectShelve.com has the right to keep your money until you send a topic that is available on our website within 48 hours.

You cannot change topic after receiving material of the topic you ordered and paid for.

Ratings & Reviews

0.0

No Review Found.


To Review


To Comment