• 0 Review(s)

Product Category: Projects

Product Code: 00002288

No of Pages: 35

No of Chapters: 5

File Format: Microsoft Word

Price :





Title Page                                                                 i

Certification                                                             ii

Dedication                                                               iii

Acknowledgement                                                    iv

Table of Content                                                      vi



1.1      Introduction                                                     1

1.2      Aims and Objectives of NAFDAC                      3

1.3      Functions of NAFDAC                                      3



2.0      General Overview of NAFDAC                           7

2.0.1Various Activities Embarked by NAFDAC        

        To Achieve Her Mandate.                                 8

2.1      Historical Development of NAFDAC                 10

2.2      Food Laws in Nigeria                                        12

2.2.1The Emergency of Food Law in Nigeria            14

2.2.2Food and Drug and 1974                                 15

2.3      Regulatory Affairs in NAFDAC                          16

2.3.1Need for Regulatory Control                             16

2.3.2Development of Regulatory Control                  16

2.3.3Regulatory Control in Nigeria                           17

2.3.4Element of Regulatory Control                         17

2.4      Regulated Products Registration in Nigeria      18

2.41Registration of Regulated Products                   19

2.4.2 Imported Products                                          20

2.4.3 Locally Manufactured Products                      20

2.4.4 Product Registration Process                          21

2.5   Role of Product Regulation in Safeguarding    

        the life and Health of consumer                       22

2.5.1                                                                        Objectives of Product Registration                                                             23



3.0      The Role of NAFDAC on Food Industry           

        in Nigeria.                                                        24

3.0.1The role of the consumer on Regulation          24

3.0.2Responsibility and Control                              25

3.0.3Product Quality and Manufacture’s Liability    26

3.1      General Procedure for Inspection of

Establishment used by NAFDAC                      27

3.2      Regulation of Additives in Food                       28

3.2.1Classes of Additives                                         29

3.2.2Historical Background                                     29

3.2.3Non. Nutritive Sweetness                                 31

3.2.4Flour Improvers                                               32

3.3      Regulation of Packaged water                          34

3.3.1Types of Water                                                 35

3.3.2Health and Environmental Impacts of            

Contaminated Water.                                       36

3.3.3                                                                        Regulation of packaged water                                                                        37

3.4      Importance of Food Labels                               39



4.0      Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)              43

4.1      Scope of GMP                                                  44

4.2      The use of Hazard Analysis Critical                

        Control Point (HACCP) in Ensuring Food        

        Safety by NAFDAC.                                          47

4.2.1The need for HACCP                                        48

4.2.2Advantages of HACCP System                          50

4.2.3Principle of HACCP                                          52

4.2.4Application of HACCP                                      52

4.3        Compliance Activities and Sanctions in NAFDAC          53

4.3.1   Voluntary Compliance Policy                                         53

4.3.2   Mandatory Compliance Policy                                        54

4.4      Enforcement Activities in NAFDAC                  55



5.1      Conclusion                                                      57   

5.2      Recommendation                                             58

5.3      References                                                       60





Concern about the wholesomeness and safety of our foods has increased dramatically, particularly in those countries where food shortage is not a problem.   Increasing understanding of, and interest in technological matters on the part of the consumer and organized consumer groups, coupled with a recognition that neither government nor industry can guarantee the safety of food, have lent support to this concern.  Our food present dilemma is that technology has opened our eyes of possible dangers of which were once blissfully ignorant.  It has done so on two fronts.  First, it has enabled us to measure in trace quantities, substances that previously went undetected, and we have begun to recognize that many of these substances form the natural background of our food supply.  But perhaps more important, it has increase our awareness of the universe of possible affliction and their apparent causes.  No longer do we focus our fear on acute, lethal effects.  We now worry about the insidious chronic effects which rub us our health and diminish the quality of our lives.


Various forms of adulteration exists in food trade.  For example, textured vegetable protein may be substituted for meat, or bean flour may be adulterated with other cheaper flour.  In certain instances more costly vegetable oils have been diluted with cheaper ones or with non – edible oils resulting in cases of food poisoning with lethal consequences.  Such practices must be curbed and any control measures on food should prohibit and penalize any such acts.  Hence, the need for a food regulatory body.


Regulatory aspect of food is, in the main, an attempt to protect the health and pocket of the consumer, and to simplify trade at both the domestic and international levels.  The policy designed for a food, invariably is derived from the various quality control measures which are exercised in the production, sale or importation of food.  In other to achieve this, food laws must be enacted that will make provision for the legislating on the presence of poisonous materials in food, prohibit adulteration in any form and disallow the advertisement of misleading claims.  It must also permit compositional, hygienic and labeling requirements to be stipulated, and the presence and amount of additives to be controlled.  Provision must also be made to check dumping and for relevant regulation to he made.  The penalties for infringement must be spelt out and these should be sufficiently stringent so as to be an effective deterrent.



In a country like ours, which wants to stop the dumping of counterfeit and substandard products to avoid the purchase and consumption of unwholesome regulated products, it is necessary to regulate such products.  NATIONAL AGENCY FOR FOOD AND DRUGS ADMINISTRATION AND CONTROL (NAFDAC) is therefore, saddled with the responsibility of safeguarding the health of Nigerians through the fight against the manufacture, important, distribution and sale of substandard drug and unwholesome food products in Nigeria.


Therefore, the objective of NAFDAC is the promotion and protection of the health of the Nigerian consumers as well as ensuring rational and fair practices in commerce in the materials covered by the decree through which they are established.



According to (Section 5 of Decree No. 15 of 1993) the agency have the following functions:

a.           Regulate and control the importation, exportation, manufacture, advertisement, distribution, sale and use of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals.

b.          Conduct appropriate tests and ensure compliance with standard specifications designed and approved by the council for effective control of quality of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical, devices, bottled water and chemicals and their raw materials as well as their production processes in factories and other establishment.

c.           Undertake appropriate investigations into the production premises and raw materials for food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals and establish relevant quality assurance system, including certification of production sites and of the regulated products.

d.          Undertake the inspection of imported foods, bottled water and chemicals and establish relevant quality assurance systems, including certification of the production sites and of the regulated products.

e.           Compile standard specification and guide lines for the production, importation, exportation, sale and distribution of food, drugs, cosmetics, bottled water and chemicals.

f.            Undertake the registration of food, drugs, cosmetics, bottled water and chemicals.

g.           Control the exportation and issue quality certification of food, drugs, cosmetics, bottled water and chemicals intended for export.

h.          Establish maintain relevant laboratories or other institutions in strategic areas of Nigeria as may be necessary for the performance of its functions.

i.            Pronounce of the quality and safety of food drugs, cosmetics, bottled water and chemicals after appropriate analysis.

j.            Undertake measures to ensure that the use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances are limited to medical and scientific purposes.

k.          Advice federal, state and Local Governments, the private sectors and other interested bodies regarding the quality, safety and regulatory provisions on food, drug, cosmetics, bottled water and chemicals.

l.            Undertake and Co-ordinate research programmes on the storage, adulteration, distribution and rational use of food, drugs, cosmetics, bottled water and chemicals.

m.        Issue guidelines on, approve and monitor the advertisement of food, drugs, cosmetics, bottled water and chemicals.

n.          Compile and publish relevant data resulting from the performance of the functions of the Agency under this Decree or from other sources.

o.           Sponsor such national and international conferences as it may consider appropriate.

p.          Liaise with relevant establishment within the outside Nigeria in pursuance of the functions of the agency, and.

q.           Carry out such activities as are necessary or expedient for the performance off its functions under this Decree.

Click “DOWNLOAD NOW” below to get the complete Projects


+(234) 0814 780 1594

Buyers has the right to create dispute within seven (7) days of purchase for 100% refund request when you experience issue with the file received. 

Dispute can only be created when you receive a corrupt file, a wrong file or irregularities in the table of contents and content of the file you received. 

ProjectShelve.com shall either provide the appropriate file within 48hrs or send refund excluding your bank transaction charges. Term and Conditions are applied.

Buyers are expected to confirm that the material you are paying for is available on our website ProjectShelve.com and you have selected the right material, you have also gone through the preliminary pages and it interests you before payment. DO NOT MAKE BANK PAYMENT IF YOUR TOPIC IS NOT ON THE WEBSITE.

In case of payment for a material not available on ProjectShelve.com, the management of ProjectShelve.com has the right to keep your money until you send a topic that is available on our website within 48 hours.

You cannot change topic after receiving material of the topic you ordered and paid for.

Ratings & Reviews


No Review Found.

To Review

To Comment