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Product Category: Projects

Product Code: 00002939

No of Pages: 59

No of Chapters: 5

File Format: Microsoft Word

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The status of computer application in schools is growing with increase in awareness of roles of computer in education. Many schools now see it as a necessity to introduce computer in their various departments for the effective and efficient dispensation of their service.

For the time being teachers find it difficult to process the results of student within the short range of time given or available to them which ranges from the day the school examinations end to the day of vacation. This project is designed to help primary schools in quick and error free results processing. It meets the various needs of teachers in results processing as described by some teachers in St Anthony Primary School Ajala











Title page                                                                                 i

Certification                                                                     ii

Dedication                                                                       iii

Acknowledgement                                                            iv

Abstract                                                                           v

Table of content                                                               vi



1.0   Introduction                                                             1

1.1   Statement of the problem                                        2

1.2   Aim and objectives                                                   3

1.3   Organization of the study                                         4

1.4   Significance of the study                                          5

1.5   Scope of the study                                                   5

1.6   Definition of terms                                                   6




2.0   Concept of school, management information system in primary schools                                                            9

2.1   School management information systems                       11

2.2   Relevance of computer systems in data processing  17

2.2.1        Computer data processing                                       17

2.2.2        Processing                                                               18

2.3   Problems associated with data processing                       20

2.4   Formats of result                                                     21

2.5   The features of result processing                             22

2.6   Computer system and result portal processing                23

2.7   Types of result portal processing                             24

2.8   The basic features of result processing                    26

2.9   Factors determining the methods of result portal

Processing                                                                       27

2.10 Result portal processing stages                                        28

2.11 Modes of result portal processing                            29

2.12 Centralized result processing                                   32

2.13 Decentralized result processing                                       33

2.14 Distributed result processing                                   33




3.1   System analysis                                                       36

3.1.1        Detailed definition of the problem                            36

3.1.2        Feasibility of the study                                             37

3.2   Methods of data collection                                               37

3.3   Problem of existing system                                      37

3.4   System design                                                          38

3.5   Database design                                                      39

3.5.1        Student register database structure                         39

3.5.2        Result portal input design                                               41

3.6   Database specification                                             42

3.7   Data flow diagram of present system                               42

3.8   Information flow                                                      43

3.9   Program flow chart                                                   44




4.1   System design                                                          45

4.2   Input specification and design                                 45

4.3   System requirements                                               46

4.3.1        Hardware requirements                                           46

4.3.2        Software requirements                                             46

4.4   Program coding                                                                46

4.4.1        System testing                                                         47

4.5   Application details                                                   48

4.6   Maintainance details                                                       49



5.1   Summary                                                                 50

5.2   Recommendation                                                     50

5.3   Conclusion                                                              50

REFERENCE                                                                   51








A student’s result is the criteria for the measurement of the student’s capability in terms of academic work in the school. It is also used to measure a student’s capability in each subject offered by the student. Without an adequate results processing system, the aim for which results are produced may not be achieved, because of slightest mistake made during the process might lead to a very big problem, which may reduce or eradicate the ability to grade a student from his school result.

For this reason an effective, efficient and error free results processing system should be designed and implemented in our schools for proper running of the schools system.

This project is therefore embarked upon to design and implement a computerized  results processing system for primary schools using St Anthony Primary School as a case study to know the problems encountered in the manual system and how these problems can be solved.


Personal interview with some staff of St Anthony Primary School revealed that the manual method adopted in results processing pose some problem, these problems include the following:

1. POOR SECURITY OF DOCUMENTS: Printed documents often get lost at each point in time some of these documents get eaten by termite and other insects, some are taken away by intruders while other are easily misplace by those in charge of it.

Students also may have access to the result sheet and increase their scores.

2. UNTIMELY PROCESSING RESULTS: The period of time available for the processing of results makes the job through for teachers. This short period of time which ranged from the end of the exams to the day of vacation makes teachers work round the clock to make sure vacation, but most of the times teachers find it impossible to cope with this short period of time, as a result of this results are ready sometimes weeks after vacation.


Sometimes mistakes are being made by teachers during the calculation of total scores of a student in a particular subject, average scores and grades of students this lead to the production of inaccurate results.



All efforts in this research are geared towards the gathering of sufficient information’s that would help in making useful suggestions for the alleviation of manual processing of results in primary schools. Considering the processing speed, storage and retrieve of information facilities, the computer becomes indispensable in results processing. The aim and objectives of this project is to design software which can perform the following.

1. Eradicate the frustration lost of students’ information after successful registration.

2. Reduce the length of time spent trying to process students’ results.



This project is organized in chapters and each treats a particular topic of the project.

Chapter one is the introductory part of the project showing why undertaken the project. It also identities the problems encountered in the manual operation, the purpose of the study, the delimitations and limitations are in deeded. Also the terms relevant to the project are defined.

Chapter Two is the review of literature. Chapter three is the design of the study. The methodology of the research is discussed in this chapter, the source of data and the procedure for collecting the data is also included.

Chapter four is the methodology of the system design which is classified into functioned specification and technical design stage.

Chapter five is the documentation of the project.




Research carried out in the primary schools show that results are still being processed manually. This leads to various problems which include,

a)   Insecurity of results.

b)  Duplication of results.

c)   Loss of results when files are been carried from one table to the other.

d)  Wrong calculations during computation.


This project will achieve the following:

i)            Increase in deficiency

ii)          Easy detection and correction of errors.

iii)        Reduce pressure of work on examination officers.

iv)         Makes computation less labor intensive.

1.5         SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This project work covers the registration of students and computation of students examination score in order to process their results.



Automation: This is the use of control system such as computer to control and process data, reducing the need for human intervention

Database: This refers to a large store of related data on a computer that can be access and modified by the user.

Password: This is a secret code that a user must type into a computer to enable him access it or its applications. This is made up of numbers, letter, special character or a combination of any of the above categories.

Record System: The act of using a computer system to store and update information/data sequentially in order to keep file security.

Computerized: To convert a based system to start using a computer system to control, organize and automate something.

Data Entry: This is the standard input device through which the system gets more of the instructions and commands

Research: A careful study of something, especially to discover new facts or information about it.

System: Set of computer component (that is, the assembling of hardware, software and peripherals to function together.)

Portal: a central place for making all types of information accessible to an audience of varying rang.

IMS (Information Management System) is a database and transaction/record management system that was first introduced by IBM in 1968. Since then.

Information: Information (shortened as info or info.) is that which informs, i.e. an answer to a question, as well as that from which knowledge and data can be derived (as data represents values attributed to parameters, and knowledge signifies understanding of real things or abstract concepts)

Information system:A computer Information System (IS) is a system composed of people and computers that processes or interprets information. The term is also sometimes used in more restricted senses to refer to only the software used to run a computerized database or to refer to only a computer system.

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