status of computer application in schools is growing with increase in awareness
of roles of computer in education. Many schools now see it as a necessity to
introduce computer in their various departments for the effective and efficient
dispensation of their service.
the time being teachers find it difficult to process the results of student
within the short range of time given or available to them which ranges from the
day the school examinations end to the day of vacation. This project is
designed to help primary schools in quick and error free results processing. It
meets the various needs of teachers in results processing as described by some
teachers in St Anthony Primary School Ajala
of content vi
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Statement of the problem 2
1.2 Aim and objectives 3
1.3 Organization of the study 4
1.4 Significance of the study 5
1.5 Scope of the study 5
1.6 Definition of terms 6
2.0 Concept of school, management information
system in primary schools 9
2.1 School management information systems 11
2.2 Relevance of computer systems in data
2.2.1 Computer data processing 17
2.2.2 Processing 18
2.3 Problems associated with data processing 20
2.4 Formats of result 21
2.5 The features of result processing 22
2.6 Computer system and result portal processing 23
2.7 Types of result portal processing 24
2.8 The basic features of result processing 26
2.9 Factors determining the methods of result
2.10 Result portal processing stages 28
2.11 Modes of result portal processing 29
2.12 Centralized result processing 32
2.13 Decentralized result processing 33
2.14 Distributed result processing 33
ANALYSIS AND DESIGN
3.1 System analysis 36
3.1.1 Detailed definition of the problem 36
3.1.2 Feasibility of the study 37
3.2 Methods of data collection 37
3.3 Problem of existing system 37
3.4 System design 38
3.5 Database design 39
3.5.1 Student register database structure 39
3.5.2 Result portal input design 41
3.6 Database specification 42
3.7 Data flow diagram of present system 42
3.8 Information flow 43
3.9 Program flow chart 44
SPECIFICATION AND DESIGN
4.1 System design 45
4.2 Input specification and design 45
4.3 System requirements 46
4.3.1 Hardware requirements 46
4.3.2 Software requirements 46
4.4 Program coding 46
4.4.1 System testing 47
4.5 Application details 48
4.6 Maintainance details 49
5.1 Summary 50
5.2 Recommendation 50
5.3 Conclusion 50
student’s result is the criteria for the measurement of the student’s
capability in terms of academic work in the school. It is also used to measure
a student’s capability in each subject offered by the student. Without an
adequate results processing system, the aim for which results are produced may
not be achieved, because of slightest mistake made during the process might
lead to a very big problem, which may reduce or eradicate the ability to grade
a student from his school result.
this reason an effective, efficient and error free results processing system
should be designed and implemented in our schools for proper running of the
project is therefore embarked upon to design and implement a computerized results processing system for primary schools
using St Anthony Primary School as a case study to know the problems
encountered in the manual system and how these problems can be solved.
OF THE PROBLEM
interview with some staff of St Anthony Primary School revealed that the manual
method adopted in results processing pose some problem, these problems include
POOR SECURITY OF DOCUMENTS: Printed documents often get lost at each point in
time some of these documents get eaten by termite and other insects, some are
taken away by intruders while other are easily misplace by those in charge of
also may have access to the result sheet and increase their scores.
UNTIMELY PROCESSING RESULTS: The period of time available for the processing of
results makes the job through for teachers. This short period of time which
ranged from the end of the exams to the day of vacation makes teachers work
round the clock to make sure vacation, but most of the times teachers find it
impossible to cope with this short period of time, as a result of this results
are ready sometimes weeks after vacation.
PRODUCTION OF INACCURATE RESULTS:
mistakes are being made by teachers during the calculation of total scores of a
student in a particular subject, average scores and grades of students this
lead to the production of inaccurate results.
efforts in this research are geared towards the gathering of sufficient
information’s that would help in making useful suggestions for the alleviation
of manual processing of results in primary schools. Considering the processing
speed, storage and retrieve of information facilities, the computer becomes
indispensable in results processing. The aim and objectives of this project is
to design software which can perform the following.
Eradicate the frustration lost of students’ information after successful
Reduce the length of time spent trying to process students’ results.
OF THE STUDY
project is organized in chapters and each treats a particular topic of the
one is the introductory part of the project showing why undertaken the project.
It also identities the problems encountered in the manual operation, the
purpose of the study, the delimitations and limitations are in deeded. Also the
terms relevant to the project are defined.
Two is the review of literature. Chapter three is the design of the study. The
methodology of the research is discussed in this chapter, the source of data
and the procedure for collecting the data is also included.
four is the methodology of the system design which is classified into
functioned specification and technical design stage.
five is the documentation of the project.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
carried out in the primary schools show that results are still being processed
manually. This leads to various problems which include,
Insecurity of results.
Loss of results when files are been
carried from one table to the other.
calculations during computation.
project will achieve the following:
Increase in deficiency
Easy detection and correction of errors.
Reduce pressure of work on examination
Makes computation less labor intensive.
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This project work covers the
registration of students and computation of students examination score in order
to process their results.
Automation: This is
the use of control system such as computer to control and process data,
reducing the need for human intervention
refers to a large store of related data on a computer that can be access and
modified by the user.
Password: This is
a secret code that a user must type into a computer to enable him access it or
its applications. This is made up of numbers, letter, special character or a
combination of any of the above categories.
The act of using a computer system to store and update information/data
sequentially in order to keep file security.
convert a based system to start using a computer system to control, organize
and automate something.
Data Entry: This
is the standard input device through which the system gets more of the
instructions and commands
careful study of something, especially to discover new facts or information
System: Set of
computer component (that is, the assembling of hardware, software and
peripherals to function together.)
central place for making all types of information accessible to an audience of
(Information Management System) is a database and transaction/record management
system that was first introduced by IBM in 1968. Since then.
Information (shortened as info or info.) is that which informs, i.e. an answer
to a question, as well as that from which knowledge and data can be derived (as
data represents values attributed to parameters, and knowledge signifies
understanding of real things or abstract concepts)
computer Information System (IS) is a system composed of people and computers
that processes or interprets information. The term is also sometimes used in
more restricted senses to refer to only the software used to run a computerized
database or to refer to only a computer system.