Registration in Nigeria began over 100 years ago and the records have been
essentially manual which in turn has not help to raise the efficiency of
general automotive services in recent years. Today, computer has been
discovered as a very efficient instrument, which has played a very significant
role in adequate management of information. Besides, it has played more roles
in country. However, computerization has helped in many areas of life and due
to vehicle owners, the thought of computerization of this operation becomes of
great important in order to wipe out the manual data processing system from
which many problem have originated. The problems, which have engulfed the
objectives of motor vehicles registration, are extensively discussed in this
project together with the new method that was innovated. This work is conducted
towards the computerization of the various problems in processing data in order
to identify the various problems that are been encountered in the registration
of vehicles manually. This theory also compares the existing system with the
new system, which is exact, and a faster way of processing data and the problem
faced by customers when they are registering their vehicles. There are
different programs that can be written to develop such programs, PASCAL, JAVA.
VISUAL BASIC, and C++ etc. But I will be making use of PHP, Database (MySQL)
they are both working with Apache server (Xamp). The Software design used
Macromedia Dreamweaver, firework, flash, and switchmax.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
of the Study
of the Problem
of the Study
of the Study
of the Study
of the Study
2.0 Urbanization and Urban
Transport Condition in Nigeria.
2.1 Current Number Plates, Driver’s License Expire 2013 –FG of
2.2 Lagos Exempts Private Vehicles from Compulsory Number Plates
2.3 Different Nigerian Plate
2.4 Quality of Vehicle Registration Data
for Obtaining Driver’s License
2.6 Procedure for Obtaining Riders
2.7 Dealers Licensing and Registration
2.8 Obtaining Vehicle Number Plate
2.10 Steps to
Obtaining The Number Plate
of Vehicle Number Plates
2.12 Change of Ownership Procedure
2.13 Operational Procedure for
2.14 New Vehicle Number Plate, Driver’s License Mired In Controversy In Nigeria
2.15 Senate of Republic Of
Nigeria Lifts Number Plate Suspension,
2.16 Automatic Number Plate Recognition
2.17 Algorithms Requirement for
Identifying A License Plate
2.18 Automation and Law Enforcement
2.19 Category of Vehicles and Their Color Stripes
2.20 The Need for Technologies
and Commercial Software For Collecting Vehicle Registration Data
2.21 Various Registration Plate Number Of Different
SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND METHODS
3.1 Fact Finding Method Used
of Existing System
3.3 Organization Structure of Motor Licensing
of the Existing System
of The Current system
3.6 Evaluating the Existing
of The Current System
4.0 DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION
AND TESTING OF THE NEW SYSTEM
4.1 Program Flowchart
4.2 Comment Flowchart
4.3 Registration Flowchart
4.4 Driving License Registration Page
4.5 About Page Flowchart
4.6 File Design
4.8 Programming Paradigm and
4.9 System Performance
4.10 System Specification/
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Appendix: Source Codes
Vehicle Registration in Nigeria began over 100 years ago and
the records have been essentially manual which in turn has not help to raise
the efficiency of general automotive services in recent years. Today, computer
has been discovered as a very efficient instrument, which has played a very
significant role in adequate management of information. Besides, it has played
more roles in country. However, computerization has helped in many areas of
life and due to vehicle owners, the thought of computerization of this
operation becomes of great important in order to wipe out the manual data
processing system from which many problem have originated. The problems, which
have engulfed the objectives of motor vehicles registration, are extensively
discussed in this project together with the new method that was innovated. This
work is conducted towards the computerization of the various problems in
processing data in order to identify the various problems that are been
encountered in the registration of vehicles manually. This theory also compares
the existing system with the new system, which is exact, and a faster way of
processing data and the problem faced by customers when they are registering
their vehicles. There are different programs that can be written to develop
such programs, PASCAL, JAVA. VISUAL BASIC, and C++ etc. But I will be making
use of PHP, Database (MySQL) they are both working with Apache server (Xamp).
The Software design used Macromedia Dreamweaver, firework, flash, and
World is experiencing an information knowledge revolution that is fundamentally
transforming the way in which human activities are carried out. Government’s
worldwide are adopting e -government as a means of improving their services to
businesses and citizens, promoting economic and social development, and
enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of government operations.
Computer plays vital role
in the development of any company it also saves some of its complex problem
that is been faced by man and processes voluminous data within a short period
of time or at an incredible speed. Recent emphasis on information and data
processing in most of our business has grown adversely as in the case of motor
vehicle license and plate registration. In as much as motor vehicle
registration has been in existent for ages now, the old system of registration
has been in adoption which did not play a significant role on highway safety
until the development of the new system of vehicle registration where a
reflective sheeting which is more visible to read even in the dark. This new
system of motor vehicle and plate number registration, which is the main focus
of this project, came into existent on the 19th March 1997 and handled by the
motor licensing officer. It was introduced to enforce strict compliance to
traffic rules and regulation as well as providing a proper data as to the
behavior of road users. The roles, which the introduction of computer system
will play in this function, will about more efficiency, effectiveness and improve
OF THE STUDY
Vehicle Registration in Nigeria began over 100 years ago and the
records have been essentially manual which in turn has not help to raise the
efficiency of general automotive services in recent years. Motor licensing
office Abuja only focuses on vehicle registration and inspection, and not on
other supporting services such as vehicle tracking, learner’s driving
permission, and drivers’ license management, monitoring of drivers and vehicles
operations and documentation of both accident and crime report.
Vehicle registration in the city, state, and district offices burdened
applicants by requiring them to personally deliver the certified copy of
resident’s registration and other documents.
Vehicle Registration used to involve manual recording of vehicle’s
information which ranges from cars to buses and later to trucks and heavy duty
equipment on ledgers and tracking other related information such as
registration, road worthiness test certificates, change of ownership, engine
and chassis numbers; and expiration of road license. This process has been
extremely inefficient and the recovery of the information was not possible once
ledgers were damaged or lost as it frequently occurs.
OF THE PROBLEM
These are the problems
that are being encountered in the manual system of assigning a plate number to
newly acquired vehicle in the department of vehicle licensing and registration,
(Licensing office Abuja). The limited factors listed below have slowed realization
of the good intention:
Unauthorized Officers: Unauthorized offices according to my observation are
involved in this work especially in the registration of illegal vehicles which
can encourage fraud.
of Fees: The officer in-charge is bound to charge a wrong bill to vehicle
owners, which may be as a result of underassessment or over assessment of
vehicles. This could be with motive to commit fraud or as a result of mistake
on the part of the officer at work.
Allocation: Staff under a particular state motor vehicle licensing office
indulges in registering of vehicles that does not belong to their state.
Accounting: There is the tendency of the cashier involved in the handling
of income generated to make mistake during this process, thus having some
measures of inaccuracy in the work.
There is difficulty at times in tracing a
record/information cautioning a vehicle owner due to improper information
keeping as a result of carelessness or volume in the size of record kept.
Labor: This involves the use of strength and Brain and the body. The
officer in-charge goes through mental labor because he has to sort the records
of the entire vehicle in his domain of jurisdiction.
He suffers from Manual labor because he has to write all
Consumption: There is excessive time consumption because the motor
licensing officer has to write and enter the information of the vehicle after
the person whose vehicle is to be registered has paid a prescribed amount of
money to the licensing authority accompanied with duly completed application,
depending on the type of vehicle, write personal information about the person
whose vehicle is to be registered and the category of vehicle whether
commercial, privates, special purpose and so on, then your plate
number and vehicle license is
prepared after a given period of time.
When put together, the time spent
on all of these is much.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
As we have seen from the
statement of the problems, the things that stand’s as puzzle in the manual
system of motor vehicle registration aims at introducing a better system which
is the computerized system which will contribute in providing solution to the
To reduce the amount of time spent in registration of
motor vehicle and information for all the vehicle owners.
To ensure a very high level of accuracy during
registration of certain vehicle or category of vehicles that are prone to
errors in the manual system. iii. To
develop a system that will allow for the generation and assignment of an
infinite identification mark or number (that is, the vehicle plate number). iv.
To replace the manual system of
registration with a computerized system that will make registration simple and
easy for registration officer and vehicle owner.
To provide restriction of illegal access of this
program will be limited therefore password will be created for the application
software. This password will just be limited to the officer in charge of the
This also aims at giving an up-to-date report of the
revenue generates from vehicle registration within a defined period.
1.4 SCOPE OF STUDY
The application of this study is a must for any country that wants to
be Information and Communication Technology inclined and ready to reduce the
vehicle crime rate and corruption in her system. The scope of this study should
be for Liaison Offices and organizations like (Motor licensing office Abuja)
that issue vehicle licenses and other vehicle registration documents.
1.5 LIMITATONS OF THE STUDY
In as much as I have so
many areas where one could have covered for a wider generalization of result.
Some factors have posed as an obstacle to this, and some of these constraints
are as follows:
This contributed in my project research since there was much money exhausted in
moving to and fro to gather facts for this work.
students where probably involved in schoolwork like writing of assignment
quizzes and other engagement, thus there isn’t enough time to attend classes.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Due to the constant rise in
technology, it is necessary to use computer to
voluminous data within a short period of time or at an incredible speed. This
project is to help provide efficiency, effectiveness and improve competence
issuance of vehicle license, plate number and other related activities. The
importance of this study includes:
To expedite the efficiency of principal licensing
officer in the processing of vehicle registration documents.
To develop a method that will allow easy storage
and retrieval of vehicle and owner’s registration information at any time in the
To develop a highly accurate method of generating
and assigning plate numbers and how to interpret them.
To determine the easiest and fastest way to access
vehicle owner’s registration information and missing vehicles.
To enable security agencies find missing vehicles.
To develop an easy method for generating and
assigning plate numbers or identification mark.
1.7 ASSUMPTION OF THE STUDY
One of the major
assumptions made in this study work is that manual methods of keeping records
are ineffective, time wasting, prone to error and unsecured. It is also assumed
that computerized base systems will motivate the staff members to work more
effectively and efficiently when registering vehicles and other activities. I
also believe that the facts and observation gotten from the office are all
reliable for the study to be a very successful one.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS/VARIABLES
The following are some of the terminologies used in the
Vehicle Plate Number: This is a metallic or plastic plate attached
to a motor vehicle for official identification purposes. The number is made up
of alphanumeric characters or numbers.
Vehicle Registration: is the process where we add a vehicle’s
details to the motor vehicle register and issue its registration plates. You
have to license your vehicle regularly at least annually and you must display a
current license label on your vehicle windscreen.
Vehicle Licensing: A regular fee paid to permit the use of one’s
vehicle on the public roads. The fee helps to pay for road projects and road
safety programs. Your vehicle must be both registered and licensed for you to
legally drive it on the road.
Vehicle owner: is a person who has met up with the entire necessary
requirement for owning a vehicle and has the right to drive it on public roads.
Vehicle Registration and Enquiry Software
(VehRES) System: This is application
software that is a customizable data collection system, which can be used by
law enforcement and motor vehicle agencies (i.e. Liaison Offices) nationwide.
The VehRES are compatible with both laptop and desktop personal computers (PC)
can be used to collect registered vehicle information for registration,
renewal, updating, correction and tracking.
Licensing office: A place where vehicle
registration, licenses and other vehicle related documents are performed.
Licensing officers: Is a person who registers vehicles in the
A mechanically propelled and wheeled object used for conveyance.
Computerization: Introduction of the
use of computer in an application area by writing a program that will suit the
ICT: This is an acronym for Information and Communication
Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC): They serve as law enforcement agency charged with
responsibilities for, among others, policymaking, organization and
administration of road safety in Nigeria.
E-Government: There is no one common definition of E – Government, although the
term is widely used. (Norris, 2005) view E – Government as a technology
exercise, integrating individual database and websites of government, while
(Batschneider, 1990) view it as a means of bringing the government closer to
the common citizen through provision of public services online.
Driver's license or driving license is an official
document, which states that a person may operate a motorized
vehicle, such as a motorcycle, car, truck or a bus, on a public roadway. The laws
relating to the licensing of drivers vary between jurisdictions. In some
jurisdictions, a license is issued after the recipient has passed a driving test, while in
others; a person acquires a license before beginning to drive. Different
categories of license often exist for different types of motor vehicles,
particularly large trucks and passenger vehicles. The difficulty of the driving
test varies considerably between jurisdictions, as do factors such as age and
the required level of practice
AutoReg Vehicle license: Is the automated vehicle license
registration and renewal system, which is for all vehicle owners to register or
renew their vehicle license with the state government. It is renewed annually;
it shows the details of the vehicle owner and Vehicle details.