TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of contents
Statement of the study
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Definition of terms
Organization of the study
What is government
Types of government
Importance of government
Sample and population of the study
Source of data
Methods of data analysis
strategies adopted by government in
role of government in decision making
problems ascertained with government in decision making
summary of the chapter
5.0 summary, recommendation and conclusions
summary of the chapter
and good governance as a certain piece of development, is a sensitive
fundamental area of concern in the interest of national development considering
the Nigeria immediate past political history and linking interest on the part
of the citizenry in require on governance issues so as to ensure a stable
political administration dispensations, sustenance of representative principle
and a attainment of welfare project and police. Hitherto at first federal Republic of Nigeria assumed fully the system of
state administration which assumes fully the system of state administration
with democracy dated back to may 29th 2001. This makes the second
major anniversary of Nigeria
Democratic experience on good governance, under the cardinal principle of
democratic principle after 16 years of interrupted military rules.
began in 1983, when the second republic was terminated by the military.
remained under military autocracy close to 29 years since the era of the
military coup in 1966 by6 four majors of the Nigeria government and politics marks
the penultimate collapse of the first republic. This trend of authoritarianism
government was briefly interrupted between 1979 – 1983, by the second republic.
From the perspective of Nwabueze, (1999), Nigeria had passed through some
five different phases in has historical evolution, which include,
The era of colonial autocracy and
absolute, that is period of formal colonialism fill of tuber 1st
1960 when the country again flag independent.
Emergence of constitutional democracy 1960
The return of the military autocracy and
absolutism (neo colonialism) 1988 – 1976.
of constitutional military autocracy and absolution 1983 – 1989.
from 1989 when the observation was made, the has added three more phases to
her struggles for democratization options, which came to a stage of the
glorious “stepping aside” of General Ibrahim Babangida handling over policy and
tactile, in 1993. This is the time and Interim National Government (ING) headed
by chief Ernest Shonekan. He was made a impose chose by IBB administration and
it’s unfortunately suffer legitimacy crisis ambition. Following the declaration
made by the high court, to the illegitimate in a protracted law suite instituted
on the June 12, 1993.
election chief M.K.O Abiola. The interim contraption collapse after 82 days. However,
the General Abacha stage a coup and dissolve all the existent democratic
structure and the country was returned to a full blown military dictatorship,
characterized by horrendous human right violation, unprecedented kliptocrazy,
hostage taking forever exile and physical elimination of opponent that detained
many in that era of 1995-1997, while statue of confusion that general Abacha died
on June 8, 199 in a mysterious circumstances (Jimi, 1998:62-73). After the
death of general Abacha, general Abdulsalam Abubakar took over his administration
seemed to have learnt enormous lessons from the legitimacy crisis suffered by
his predecessor while in office. He made it know that he was ready to hand over
power to civilian in promote his transition programme in Nigeria.
despite all odds, General Abubakar surrendered the political ruler ship to Chief
Olusegun Obasanjo on May 29 1999. the second anniversary of democracy was
remarkable in the sense that Nigeria were founded by united agency
(international organization) for development (unaid), in January 2000, 80% of
respondent agreed that “democracy” is the better option in state administration
friends of Nigeria within Africa rendered there unparallel support for the
continuity and governance by the democracy, among who were Ghana with 74%,
Zimbabwe 60% and south Africa with 56%. As a rightly posted by national daily.
Nigeria was sick of military
rule and especially the Nigeria
version of it.
military had demonstrated a most duplicable from of rulership that decline to
agree with every value and expectable, greed, obtuse, paradigons in their very
arbitraries contempt for rule of law and fundamental human right vocatives,
termination of building opposition and gross ignorance in the business the
government were only a few of the woes that Nigeria has to bear from several
the poor handling of the economy meant that there was little for average
Nigerians, job opportunity were fast disappearing as company were own and this
is turned made them own there staffer salaries and allowances for several
months, prison inmates kept dying and crime assumed the status of normal
features of the Nigeria society. Where, democracy means better paid job,
education, health care, modern amenities, such as durable house, motor
transport, pipe borne water, and stable supply of electricity, a better future
for children of inborn generation, rather than the aforementioned retrogressive
military system (Kunle 1993-87-98). In the views of Nzongola Nta Laja (2001), Nigeria
torturers democratization march to the fourth republic one cannot but attempt a
prognosis of the possibility of the survival of the nascent democracy and
suggest possible recipes. Therefore, the under-study this situation is about
time and hence the appropriate opportunity: democracy and good governance.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
research work content to look into prevailing Government Issue and effect with
a view to harmonizing all the odd and defect of military government. However,
its will equally provide solution to some military obstacle affecting some
areas in the research topic: what are the challenges of democratic government
How democracy dividends can consolidate in Nigeria? Problem facing leadership
in the present Nigerians democratic dispensation.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
research work is aim at achieving some objective among which are: to explain
the concept of democratic governance, to expatriate the concept and the idea of
democratic dividends consolidation, to appraise the concept and practice of
democracy in Nigeria, to identify the challenges of sustainable democracy in
Nigeria, to proffer recommendation on how sound democratic governances can be
developed cum how dividends of democracy can be consolidated in Nigeria.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
scope of this research exercise centers only on Nigeria society on the government
covered the period when democracy is jealously upheld, especially 1999-2005.
The limiting constrain revolve extensive feed work, data accumulation with cost
in hindrance. Thus, an elaborate kind of research of this magnitude will be
costly and also suffer both time and energy constraints. More so, other to
ensure objective outcome, and free from defeat of purpose, this research must
be continuously, meticulously and physical precise carried out.
1.5 DEFINITION OF TERM
A. DEMOCRACY: The
origin of democracy is traceable to ancient Greek. The word ‘demo’ in Greek
means people and ‘kratia’ means government. These two words ‘demo’ and ‘kratia’
metamorphosed into the word ‘democracy’.
Lincoln) defined democracy as: Government of the people by the people and for
the activity of governing a state (Abraham Lincoln).
DEMOCRATIZATION: is a system of
government accountable for its actions in the republic realm by citizens acting
directly through the competition and co-operation of their elected
An knight (1988), define leadership as a social influence in a social setting,
the effect of which is relevant to, or have impact upon, the achievement of
POWER: is the right or power given to the executive arms of
government to refuse or accept in endorsing sign a bill.
is connected with soldiers or the armed force.
WAR: A war between groups of people in the same country.
1.6 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
one (1) of the project comprise: Introduction, statement of the study, purpose
of the study, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition
of the term, organization of the study and reference.
two (2) comprise: Literature review, what is government, types of government,
importance of government, and reference.
three (3) comprises: Research methodology, sample and population of the study,
source of data, method of data analysis, and research problem.
four (4) contain: strategies adopted, by government in decision making, problem
ascertained with government in decision making, and summary of the chapter.
Chapter five (5) comprise of: Summary recommendation and conclusion, summary of
finding, recommendation, conclusion and bibliography.