1.1 Background to the Study. 1
1.2 Statement of Problem
1.3 Research Objective. 4
1.4 Research Questions
of the Study
1.6 Scope of the Study
1.7 Operational Definition of Terms
2.2 Concept of E-database in a university library
2.3 Awareness of E-database in a university
Uses of electronic
database by lecturers in university library
Benefits of the usage
of E-database by lecturers in a university librray. 16
strategies adopted for utilization of E-database in university libraries. 17
2.7 Challenges to utilization of electronic information
resources by library users
Summary of reviewed
literature Information Resources in University Libraries
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Study Population
3.3 Sample Size and Sampling technique. 24
3.4 Data Collection Instruments. 24
3.5 Validity of Instruments
3.6 Reliability of Instruments. 25
3.7 Data Collection Procedure
3.8 Method of data Analysis
OF DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF RESULTS
4.2 Return Rates of Respondents
4.3 Demographic Characteristics of Respondents
4.4 Presentation and Data Analysis
4.4 Discuss of Findings. 32
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
1.1 Background to the study
The university libraries are
libraries established to cater for the academic and research needs of the
university. They serve the reading and research interests of undergraduates,
lecturers, researchers, and other users. University libraries are big
repositories of information and knowledge from all fields of learning to the
academic community of students and staff that they serve. University libraries,
which are academic libraries, provide support to members of an academic
community, including students, researchers and lecturers
University libraries collections are
tailored towards achievement of the institution goals of teaching, learning and
research. They serve the students, lecturers, administrative members of the
academic community as well as others. They are central to learning, research,
and have always depended on relevant new technologies, which on the other hand
are driven by emerging trends in education and research. The major function of
University libraries is to provide resources to meet the needs of users. Their
materials are diversified to support teaching and programmers that take place
within them. Therefore, the University library has to build a strong collection
of information resources in physical and digital formats to cater for the
knowledge requirements of students, faculty members and research scholars of
Akintunde (2006) submitted that,
librarianship continues to hold a central place in higher education worldwide.
It has remained the strength of the best traditions in academics worldwide.
Nonetheless, significant progress will have to be made for Nigerian higher
education libraries to be in the main stream of the digital revolution. This is
because library services today require more global networking in delivering
twentieth century was shaped by sweeping changes in communication technologies.
The emergence and use of information technology is the century’s most
significant development affecting scholarly communication. The application of
computers to information processing has brought several products and services
to the scenes. Consequently, the academic community has undergone tremendous
changes during these years, assuming new dimensions influenced by
technology-driven applications. Thus, libraries are using technology to improve
the management of scholarly information to strengthen and speedy access to
(e-databases) have become an established component of many academic libraries’
collection. These databases often contain journal articles, or references to
such articles, e-books, reference sources, conference papers and reports among
others. There are various types of these databases such as bibliographic,
full-text, directory, numeric and multimedia.
widely available and can be accessed from anywhere and by many users at the
same time. It is therefore convenient to use. University libraries, therefore,
spend large amounts of money on these resources to satisfy the teaching,
learning and research needs of its faculty and students. As universities spend
substantial amount of money on subscription of these databases, it is only
appropriate and economical that these databases are optimally utilized to
contribute to the academic achievement of students and faculty and also to get
value for money.
In spite of the value
of e-databases and ensuring that it is available for use by library clients,
studies have shown that usage is not up to level expected or is simply
underutilized. Reasons most often advanced for not using the databases include
lack of awareness, preference for other sources like general search engines
such as Google, lack of search skill, lack of adequate ICT infrastructure, bad
downloading time, and at times sheer attitude of users. The manifestation of
these reasons may differ from place to place or from situation to situation.
Dukic (2013) and Ahmed, 2013b), for example, indicated that usage of
e-databases in developed countries is more than in developing countries
basically because of poor ICT infrastructure and huge cost of such resources.
Anaraki and Babalhavaeji (2013) also pointed out that where students are not
aware of existence of e-databases they tend to use general search engines to
meet their information needs.
information resources usually consist of online books, online journals, online
magazines, online newspapers, online theses, dissertations, online databases
which are likely to be alternative through media EBSCO HOST, DOAJ, JSTOR,
HINARI, are some of the examples of
online electronic databases, these are available on the internet either through
open access or commercially (Kumar, and Kumar,2010). On the other hand, offline
electronic information resources include e-journals, e-data archives, e- manuscripts,
e-maps, e-books, e-magazines, e-theses, e-newspapers, e-mail, e-research
reports, e-bibliographic database and CD-ROM databases which are accessible
through some electronic machines.
to the International Federation of Library Association and Institution (IFLA)
“electronic databases” refer to those materials that require computer access
whether through personal computer, mainframe, or handheld mobile device. They
may be either accessed remotely via the internet or locally. They include: e-journal,
e -books, full text (aggregated) databases, Indexing abstracting databases,
reference databases, numeric and statistical databases, e-images, e-audio
visuals resources. (IFLA, 2012)
of the problem
Library is a repository of resources; it is an integral part of the educational
system whose primary function is to serve users (students, researchers and
staff). Computers and related electronic database have come to play a central
role in education. Electronic resources are the prime ingredients and they
become a common part of the suite of most academic library resources today.
E-databases have brought about a shift in the provision of library services and
information by providing wide access to resources from different parts of the
world with ease. E- resources provide many advantages over the traditional
print based resources. They contain current information because they are
updated frequently. They offer advanced search capabilities, and offer flexibility
in the storage of results. They enable access and use of information without
restriction of time and location.(Kumar and Kumar 2010). Academic libraries provide access to information resources
in various formats including electronic information resources services. This is
through open access international donors or annual subscription of online
databases such as HINARI, JSTORE, DOAJ, AJOL, EBSCOHOST etc. and other offline
information resources, to facilitate access to information resources to users.
However, preliminary investigation revealed that most electronic information
resources in the Nigeria university Libraries were underutilized (Olusanya,
2014) and there is no element of publicity regarding their availability and
usage (Stephen,2012). This brought about the need to investigate the availability
and usage of E-databases in Academic Libraries Kwara state.
Objectives of the Study
The main purpose of
this study is to examine the awareness and uses of library electronic databases
by lecturers in university libraries in two selected colleges in kwara state university.
The objectives of the study are as follows;
1. Identify the types of available library
Electronic databases that lecturers are aware of in the selected colleges in kwara
2. Investigate the types of library E-databases
used by lecturers in selected colleges in kwara state university.
3. Ascertain the extent of use of library
e-database by lecturers in selected colleges in kwara state university
4. To find out the purpose
of use of electronic Resources available in the academic libraries in kwara
5. Identify factors that affect the use of
library e-database by lecturers and those problems militating against the use
of E=databases in the selected colleges in kwara state university.
1. What types of
Electronic Databases are available which the lecturers are aware of in the library
2. What types of E-databases are used by
3. What is the extent
of usage of the E-databases are available for the lecturers in two selected colleges?
4. What are the purpose of the usage of electronic
resources available in academic library in kwara state?
5. What are those
factors and problems that affect the usage of library E-databases by lecturers
in the selected colleges of Kwara state university?
1.5 Significance of the Study
The study will reveal
the level of awareness and usage of e-databases by lecturers of some selected
colleges in Kwara state university and to provide e-services to the growing
e-library users. Also, the findings of the study will be of great importance to
the government and university management functionaries to plan better in order
to meet the changing technological needs of their university libraries. Also,
it will serve as a guide to Nigerian university library management in the area
of planning and establishing e-libraries.
The study will also be beneficial to librarians and
information scientist; with this study they will know the importance of
utilization of e resources that is access to current information regardless of
time and location. Which would make them
accelerate in their profession.
would serve as a source of feedback for the college libraries in the
institutions on the provision of electronic information resources and services
to the academics and community in general.
finding of the study could be used as a source of reference for other research
on library promotion and use of electronic information resources.
of the study
This study shall
examine the level of awareness and usage of E-databases by lecturers in kwara
state university. Specifically, the study shall cover two selected colleges in
kwara state university, malete.
The two selected
colleges shall consist of the following colleges which are the College of
Information and Communication Technology (I.C.T) and the College of Education
State University, Malete.
Definition of Terms
(a) Library Resources: These refer to items containing
information anything that is consulted to obtain information.
(b) University Library: A place where print and
non-print information materials are kept for use in a university.
(c) Electronic Database: database is an organized collection of information or data usually in
computer readable form
College: A specialized, semi-autonomous division of a university, with its own
faculty, department, library, etc
Lecturers; A person who gives lectures especially as a profession
Awareness; A state of level of consciousness where sense data can be confirmed by an observer
Use; A purpose for which something may employed
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