study is based on Youth Employment, empowerment and poverty alleviation in Ogun
study critically looks into the background of the study, statement of problem,
significance of the study, scope and delimitation of the study and definition
the course of these research works both primary and secondary sources of data
gathering were employed.
study found out that youth empowerment program, policies are the best for the
eradication of youth unemployment and poverty in Ogun state and the nation at
on the basis of the findings the study recommends that vocational skills
training centre should be provided for unemployed school leavers and graduate
of tertiary institution and providing counseling and extension services to
youth on “start your own business”. Also qualified personnel should be allowed
to anchor the youth empowerment programs.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 A statement of problem 2
1.3 Research question 3
1.4 Research hypothesis 3
1.5 Significance of the study 4
1.6 Scope and delimitation of the study 5
1.7 Definition of Terms 6
CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review
2.1 Introduction 9
2.2 Historical Background to the Study 10
2.3 Historical Framework on Unemployment Among
2.4 Causes of Poverty in Nigeria 14
2.5 Analysis of Poverty and Poverty Reduction 15
2.6 Consequence of Unemployment to the Nation 16
2.7 The Role of Gender and Their Levels of
in Nigeria 18
2.8 What is meant by Empowerment 24
2.9 Poverty and National Development 26
2.10 Poverty Alleviation Eradication Strategies in
CHAPTER THREE: Research Method
3.0 Introduction 38
3.1 Research Design 38
3.2 Restatement of the Research Questions 39
3.3 Formation of the Hypothesis 39
3.4 Population of the Study 40
3.5 Sample and Sampling Design 40
3.6 Sampling Procedure 40
3.7 Source of data Collection 41
3.8 Data Analysis Method 41
3.9 Scope of the Study 42
CHAPTER FOUR: Data Analysis and
4.1 Analysis of the Project 44
4.2 Presentation and Analysis of Data 45
4.3 Hypothesis 72
CHAPTER FIVE: Summary of Findings, Conclusion and
5.1 Summary of Findings 79
5.2 Conclusion 81
5.3 Recommendation 81
OF THE STUDY
of the major problem that confronted the
third world countries is increasing in the poverty rate, which led to many
social vices that prevented our environment nowadays which is due to increase
in poverty level.
what is really responsible for the increment was no any other thing than the
unemployment rate that aggravates everyday, many able youths who are viable and
competent to work cannot find good job to do.
some youth believed that the only way to change their formal education up to
university/polytechnic level. Not minding the exorbitant fees being paid couple
with the strenuous task they went through in the process with the hope that
they will get easy job whenever they finished their various higher institutions
of learning. But, alas the story is different, they end up working 24 hours on
the street working for jobs which uncertain.
the rate at which the poverty levels increases as shown by experts called for
policies that have been design by the Federal, State and Local government to correct
the situation. Meanwhile Ogun state government under the present
administration, which is headed by Otunba Gbenga Daniel is not left behind in
the process. The present dispensation thinks that the only way to ameliorate
the lives of our people and mostly the youths is by empowering them and bring
them to be creative rather them depending on the white collar job which is not
certain. To this end since the introduction of the policy, how far does it
gives to reduce the rate of poverty in Ogun State?
This is the purpose of our research work. We want to carry out our findings to
analyze the “Youths employment, empowerment and Alleviation/ Eradication of
poverty in Ogun State.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
are numbers of problem that contributes to increased poverty in Nigeria.
problems are summarized as Macro-Economic distortion, Effect of Globalization, Poor Governance,
Corruption and Low Productivity etc.
are the various questions that come up in the process of the research and it
Is there any need for the youth
Can the youth empowerment programme
reduce the level of poverty in Ogun
Is government really assisting and
finding the programme?
Can the youth empowerment programme be
regarded as the best programme to alleviate youth suffering in Ogun State?
are the assumption, which are made about the characteristics of one or more
population. These are three types of hypothesis namely.
(1) Alternative Hypothesis
(2) Null Hypothesis
(3) Formation of the hypothesis
FORMATION OF THE HYPOTHESIS
youth empowerment policy is not the best policy for alleviation of poverty.
youth empowerment policy is the policy for alleviation of poverty
Ho2: That the
system of youth empowerment policy for the alleviation of policy is not evenly
distributed among the people of Ogun
Hi2: That the
system of youth empowerment or empowerment policy for the alleviation of
poverty is evenly distributed among the people of the State.
those anchoring the programme are not qualified for the task.
those anchoring the programme are qualified for the task.
OF THE STUDY
project or work will be very crucial or important and useful for those
undergraduate students who are writing their project on this topic and for
government officials, lectures and those who intend to know more about poverty
in Ogun State.
1.6 SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
research work will be design to cover the youth employment, empowerment and
alleviation eradication of poverty in Ogun State
using Ogun State employment generation programme as
a case study.
speaking, all areas of human endeavours are characterized by some limitation
factors and a research work of this nature is therefore not accepted, by this
the study does not intend to look into the detail of the poverty alleviation in
Ogun State due to the following limited
The paucity or smallest of available time for conducting the study constitutes
one of the limitation for the scope of the study and also because of our fast
The amount to be expended on this project is very large and due to non-
availability of enough fund we’re restricting our writing to this extent.
are the terms that we would be using in the course of writing our project or research
work and it includes:
to Asolo Adewale Adeleye poverty in a plan language can be defined as the
condition when the income level of individual is grossing insufficient toward
achieving a satisfactory level of welfare. It is a situation or level when the
poor lacked basic necessities of life and resources to meet their standard of
ALLEVIATION: These are the various measure put in
place for eliminating the poverty level of an individual or society. The
alleviation strategies adopted by the Ogun State
government include (OGEGEP) activities that will ensure job creation, food for
the citizens and the development of agro bases industries.
YOUTH: This is person aged from 15years to
30years who are strong to work effectively and efficiently with the use of
physical and mental ability to gained through education
According to Oxford Advance learner dictionary of current English, the word
empowerment mean preparing and inculcating in our youth sense of belonging that
will enable them to assume leadership position with a view contributing
effectively to the national development when the need rises.
Asika, N (1991) Research Methodology in the
Behaviour Science, Lagos:
Longman Nigeria Plc
Kotler, P (200) Marketing Management 10th Ed
Upper Saddle, River, New Jersy: Prentice – Hall Inc.
Osuagwu, L (2001) Small Business &
Entrepreneurship Management, Lagos:
Grey Resource Ltd.
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