examined time series analysis on marriage registration in Ilorin,
Kwara State between (2000 – 2011). The data
used was collected from marriage registry, ministry of social welfare, Ilorin, Kwara
State. Moving average,
simple linear regression was used for the analysis. The result on trend value
clearly show that, there is a steady decrease in the number of marriage from
second half of the year 2002 up to January 2003, and from there, there was a
shape increase in the number of marriage. Also trend of marriage contains
seasonal variation, which have been smoothing by moving average method. Thus,
the trend value appears to follow almost identical patterns during the
corresponding month of the successive years. This indicated that Christmas and
New Year festivals have influence on marriage as it can be seen on the trend
TABLE OF CONTENT
of content vi
1.1 Types of marriage 2-4
1.2 Historical background of marriage registry 5-6
of problems 7
1.4 aim and
objectives of the study 8
of the study 8
1.6 Scope and
limitation of the study 8-9
2.1 Introduction: 10-16
Methodology and data presentation 17
3.0 Introduction 17
3.1 Sources of
of data 18-19
of analysis 24
3.4.1 Time series analysis 24
of time series 25
3.5 Model used
in the analysis 25
of estimating trend 26
Analysis of data 27
4.0 Introduction 27
4.1 Moving average
4.2 Computation of seasonal index using
percentage moving average for marriage registration 34-38
Summary of findings, conclusion and Recommendations 51
5.0 Summary of
5.1 Conclusion 52-53
5.2 Recommendations 53
according to Collins dictionary simply defines marriage as
“ The state or relationship of being husband and wife or a contact made by
man and woman to live as husband and wife “ The Christian understanding of
marriage goes deeper than the definition given above it look at marriage as a convenient.
The matrimonial covenant by which a man and a woman establish between
While marriage in islamic perspective is viewed as
the method chosen Allah for protection, multiplicity and continuity of life
after each of the spouse have been adequately prepared by Allah in discharging
positively the marital responsibilities. Also according to legal perspective,
marriage is universally accepted to be a union of man and woman, that is, union
of persons of opposite sex.
Marriage is founded on an and governed by the social
and religions norms of the society. The history of marriage can be traced back
to the documents of second vacation council (Gaudiumet Spes) on the subject of
holiness of marriage and the family that states that “the intimate partnership
of life and the love which constitute the marriage state has been establish by
the creator and endowed by him with its own laws, it is rooted in a contract of
Marriage can be defined psychologically as a
contract enter into by two adults of opposite sex to live together has husband
and wife until death do them apart.
In other words, marriage could be defined as marital
union between a man and a woman.
TYPES OF MARRIAGE
There are three major types of marriages namely,
MARRIAGE: Is a marriage
conducted by an ordained person (priest, Reverend, Pastor etc) couples getting
married under Christianity have agreed to live by the doctrine of the holy
bible. In Christian marriage polygamy is allowed, but the number of wife they
can married is stipulated. This can be traced in the old testament which states
that “the polygamy of Patriarchs and kings is not yet explicitly rejected”.
ii. ISLAMIC MARRIAGE: Are performed according to the laws of islam. It
can be carried out by an alpha, imam or muslim scholar in a mosque or in a
private home. Therefore, Muhammad (S.A.W) came while the practice of polygamy
was coming and deeply rooted in the social life. The Quran did not ignore the
practice or discard its, nor its let it continued unchecked or unrestricted.
The benevolent intervention of the Quran permits a maximum of four wives in
which equality among the wives in the treatment, provisions and kindness must
iii. CUSTOMARY OR
TRADITIONAL MARRIAGE: This was
method of marriage used before of arrival of the colonial master and the
foreigners that brought Christianity, Islam and other religions. The traditional
or customary obligation required in the olden days kola nut, yam tubers, honey,
sugar cane, cloths and various other things which might include physical cash
to be taking to the family of bride (wife).
It is after the traditional ceremony
that other ceremonies follow which might include going to marriage registry
announce their intention to get married legally. In customary marriage one man
can marry many wives and the actual number is not stated in any text. But in
the olden days, our forefathers who were mostly farmers married many wives and
have many children to assist them in their farming activities.
LEGAL MARRIAGE: Legal marriage is the marriage that is carried out
accordance with the provision of the laws that applies to marriage in Nigeria which
is called the married act. One wife is permitted in legal marriage. This can be
find in section 370 of the criminal code which reads. “any person who, having a
husband or wife living marries in any case in which such marriage is avoid by
reason of it taking place during the life such husband or wife is guilty of a
felony, and liable to imprisonment for seven years”.
Therefore, this study is interested in
the legal marriage due to the fact that the available data in the registry is
base on legal marriage.
BACKGROUND OF MARRIAGE REGISTRY
It on record that the history of marriage registry
can dated back to 1863 when the first ordinance dealing with legal marriage was
enacted. The provision of this ordinance are traceable to the colonial master
in their colonies of Nigeria
Thus, since the adoption of the law from it
introduction to the amendments through the review of the law principles itself
by the law makers in the independence Federal Republic of Nigeria so as to suit
its citizens in order to make it practicable.
The amendment of the marriage act according to the
constitution gave birth to legal marriage which is described in law as union
between husband and wife to exclusion of others.
In Nigeria today, in realization of
meaningful planning and development, the authority has conferred the power to
solidify marriage union on the various marriage registries in the States and
local government areas since 1999 to
1) Undertake the registration of marriage
2) Advise the waitresses from both side of the couples
on their roles in order to make the family a happy union
3) Issuance of marriage certificate to the couples
4) Disseminate information and educate the general
public about the activities of the registry.
5) Provide information on marriage statistics
1.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The problems facing the marriage
registry since its constitution are not farfetched. These problems are
1) Inadequate record: this simply mean that record were
kept, but it is not properly and efficiently kept as it is expected.
2) Orientation and enlightment is lacking as regard to
3) In the state, there is crises between the ministry
of local government and ministry of social welfare on the issue of who is
rightful constituted body to carry out the registration exercise hence its
hindering the prosperity of the work.
Therefore, this study
is interested in the actual fact on ground. To see how people have been
patronizing the registry for marriage to show us the available data for further
1.4 AIM AND
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
1) To determine the relationship between the number of
marriages and times
2) To check whether Christmas and New Year festivals
have influence on marriage.
3) To predict for further marriages.
SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
The study will provide useful information
for effective social and economics planning process for both governmental and
non-governmental organization by using the result of the findings such as the
knowledge of relationship between the number of marriage and time and the
predicted future marriages.
AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Due to the short period of time and resources to
carryout this research, the scope of the study was limited to registry
marriage, ministry of social welfare, Ilorin, Kwara State.
Marriage registration was fully started throughout
the states and local government areas of the Federation in 1999 by marriage
Ministry of social welfare, marriage
registry, Ilorin happens to be one of the registries
selected for the project in Kwara
State as at that year,
hence, the study would be for twelve years (2000 – 2011).
To embark on a survey study of this nature was never
an easy task. The data I used was collected from marriage registry, ministry of
social welfare, Ilorin.
Hence I have problem in obtaining my data due to inadequate records kept.
Moreso, I have to adjust to their convenient time
before I could collect required data, hence it cost me in terms of money and