today has embraced e-learning to make the learner more personalized/individualized
in his studies. It has brought changes that are very convenient and flexible to
the learner as well as helped to develop skills and competencies needed in the
21st century to ensure that learners have the digital literacy
skills required in their discipline. To this effect, the researcher decided to
apply the method of e-learning in four selected secondary schools. A sample of
148 SSI students in Lagos State was selected and grouped into two experimental
and control classes. The students in each group were categorized into three
categories above average, average and below average according to their
software package on two selected topics according to their syllabus was
developed and applied along with a conventional test as research instruments. A
4 week lesson plan was drawn the
experimental class was taught using the software package while the control
class was taught using the conventional method for both topics.
t-test and chi-square (x2) statistical packages were used to test
the null hypothesis. The result showed that the experimented class performed
better than the conventional class, the students that were in the below average
category in the pre-test moved to the average and above average
has the implication of transforming the educational standards by providing
unlimited access to knowledge and information to teachers and learners.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of Study
1.2 Statement of the problem 3-4
1.3 Purpose of the study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Research Questions
1.7 Scope of the study
1.8 Limitation of the study
2.2 Meaning/Concept of E-learning 7-11
2.3 Benefits of Application of E-learning in
versus Conventional teaching (Traditional
in the school 22-27
3.1 Introduction 28
3.2 Research Design 28-29
3.3 Area of the Study 29
3.4 Population of the Study 29-30
3.5 Sample and Sampling Technique 30
3.6 Research Instrument 30-31
3.7 Introduction of the Instructional package 31-32
3.8 Designing of the Instructional Package 32-33
3.9 Steps in producing a programmed Instruction 33-36
3.10 Operational Analysis 37
3.11 Method of Data Collection 37-47
3.12 Application of the programmed Instruction 47
13 Method of the Data Analysis 47
4.1 Presentation and Analysis 48-52
of Performances of Students for the
group of schools
of Data 55-57
the research Hypothesis 1 59-63
Research Hypothesis two 63-66
and Analysis of Data for the Second
of Schools 66-73
Hypothesis three (Ho3) 73-74
of the Performance of girls and
boys in the test 74-75
4.9 Testing the Research Hypothesis three 76-77
Discussion and Implication recommendations and conclusion
5.2 Discussion of Result and Implications 81-83
5.3 Recommendations 83
5.4 Conclusion 84
List of Table
4:1 Raw Scores of the sample population
taught the first topic
Scores of the sample population taught the second topic.
classification for the first topic.
classification for the second topic
Scores of the sample population in the first topic population in the first
scores of the sample population in the second topic.
classification for the first topic (second group of schools)
classification for the second topic (second group of schools)
table for the first topic
chi-square (x2) statistical analysis for the second topic.
table for the second topic.
Performance classification table for the first topic.
Performance classification table for the second topic.
Performance classification table for the second topic (second group of schools)
4.16 The chi-square (x2)
statistical of the first topic.
table for the schools first topic.
chi-square (x2) statistical analysis of the students performance in
the second topic.
classification table for the first topic (first group of schools)
classification table for the Boys and Girls taught with e-learning
OF THE STUDY
Today, the society is witnessing a major
change in all aspects of life which has affected our houses, businesses and our
educational system. Technology has emerged with our curriculum to create a
learning atmosphere that allows learners to become more responsible and
individualized/personalized in their studies.
The continuous societal changes denoted
a need for the educational system to embrace these changes. According to Igwe
(2005) “development in everyday language refers to qualitative improvement
which is a continuous activity among human beings” The societal changes have
affected the schools, the teachers, the learners and the disciplines or
subjects taught in schools and this have resulted in the overall curriculum
change. All these changes have made it necessary for educators and learners to
adopt in other to meet up with the demands of the modern society. Therefore the
educational system should move along with the rest of the world as it is a
Today, it is necessary for someone to
have a basic knowledge of the computer in other to function properly. This has
brought modernization into our educational system and part of this is the
The launch of the World Wide Web (www)
in 1999 brought a surge of interest in the possibilities of electronic learning
(e-learning). According to Okeke (2007) “The use of the web as an educational
medium was hailed as a major change in the educational sector. It has given
rise to a major form of delivery of education or as a combined approach with
the old conventional method of classroom based teaching.
E- Learning is computer enhanced and
applies to online lectures, tutorial, performance support system stimulations. It is an
approach to facilitate and enhance learning through both computers and
communication technology. Devices such as personal computers (pc), CD Roms,
televisions, Mp3 players and mobile phones are used. Communication technology
enables the use of the internet and e-mail discussions.
Lee (2004) noted that the increasing use
of internet improved technologies as well as web based applications, the uses
of e-learning in the educational sector are of immense benefits. As written by
Ajelabi (2005), it motives students to operate modern teaching equipments like
microcomputers and other teaching aids like projectors (overhead and opaque)
slides, films etc).
By now, over a decade of it launch, it
is expected that the concept of e-learning should be clearly defined. Due to
attitudinal problems in the use of e-learning for teaching and learning of
disciplines in the school curriculum, there is yet to be a consensus about what
it actually represents. It is important that the method of teaching and
learning should also change to meet with the changing societal needs.
Based on the above background, the task
before the researcher is to find out the impact of the application of
e-learning on the teaching and learning of Agricultural science among the
senior secondary school students in
Okota Isolo / Oshodi Local Government
Area and Ejigbo Development Area of
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The school curriculum has to be
responsive to changing societal needs. The students also have to adapt to these
needs and often the effects are noticed on the performance of students who
are usually the receivers.
today’s world, technology has made it necessary to use the various forms of
computer delivered instruction in teaching and learning. It becomes necessary to study the impact of
e-learning on the teaching e-learning learning of Agricultural science.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is for the
researcher to achieve experimentally the following objectives:-
Assess the effect of the use of
e-learning method on the academic performance of students.
Demonstrate the workability of the use
of e-learning method in teaching agricultural science topic.
Assess the effect of e-learning method
on students performance as against the use of the conventional method.
OF THE STUDY.
The study is significant in that it
gives an insight into the knowledge of using software packages and its
workability on the educational system.
The result will encourage the teachers
to know the benefit of using the alternative method of teaching to achieve an
improved performance. It will create an awareness to the teacher and the
student on the possibility of using e-learning approach.
The research is aimed at answering the
Does the academic performance of the
students depend on the method of teaching?
Does the performance of students taught
with e-learning differ from those taught with the conventional method?
Is there any difference between the
performance of boys and girls taught with the e-learning method?
The following hypothesis have been
postulated for testing:-
1. .H0I There is no
statistically significant difference in the academic performance of students
taught with e-learning facilities and those taught with the conventional
2. Ho2 The
students academic performance is independent on the method of teaching
3. H03 : These
is no statistically significant difference in the performance of boys and girls
taught with the e-learning method.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
For the purpose of this research and the
successful application of the e-learning facilities, the scope is one hundred
and forty eight (148) SS1 students made up of forty (40) each from Ostra
Heights school and Hopebay College, both in Okota, Isolo/ OShodi Local
Government Area of Lagos State while thirty five (35) students came from Kings
Palace school and thirty three (33) students came from Hill Crest college both
in Ejigbo Development Council.
1.8 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The researcher was limited by finance
both for transportation to the schools and production of the instructional
package. Also time for the study was limited.