aim of this project is to study “The statistical analysis of vital registration
at the national population commission Ilorin. Test of equal means chi-square
and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data obtained. It was
discovered that the birth rate is highly increasing every year and frequency of
number registered. A test of equal means revealed that the average number of
male births are same with average number of female births registered while
chi-square used shown that age is independent of death
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Historical background of national
population commission 1
1.2 Function and power of the case study 2
1.3 Aims and objective 4
1.4 Scope and limitation of the study 4
1.5 Demographic data situation in Nigeria 5
1.6 The organization structure 7
2.0 literature review 10
2.1 importance of vital registration data 10
3.0 Methodology and presentation of data 14
3.1 Sources of data 14
3.2 Method of data collection 14
3.3 Randomized complete block design 16
3.4 Statistical methodology 19
4.0 Analysis 30
4.1 Introduction 30
4.2 Presentation of data 31
5.0 Summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation 45
5.1 Summary of findings 45
5.2 Conclusion 46
5.3 Recommendation 47
1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF NATIONAL POPULATION
It is on record that various boards,
census board and national population bureau set up during the pre and post
independence in Nigeria failed to achieve the aims and objectives of its function
and this lead to the dissolution this board and bureau.
As a result of this failure of the census
board and national population bureau. Nigeria has no reliable information about
her population size for any meaningful planning and development neither do we
have a universal registration of births and death throughout the federation in
realization of this and its honest desire to have accurate and acceptable
census figure, the government of the federal republic of Nigeria established
the national population commission (NPC) as a permanent corporate body. On 23rd
October 1989 by enacting decree 23.
AND POWER OF THE CASE STUDY
The national population commission is charges
with the following responsibilities.
To establish and maintain a machinery for continuous
and universal registration of births and death throughout the country.
To collect, collate and publish data migration
To conduct research, monitor the national
population policy and set up a national population information data bank.
To provide information and data on population
for the purpose of facilitating national planning and economic development.
Advice the federal government on any
population and population related matter and problems.
To disseminate information and educate the
general public about the activities of the commission
To arrange for the appointment and training of
enumerators and all other staff of the commission.
commission on assuming office in April 1988 divided the country into zones and
assigned commission with supervisors responsible for a zone. it also set up
offices in each state capital and local government areas headquarters
throughout the federation with the coordination of statistical director and
To determine whether the average number
of male birth registered is the same with the average number of female birth
To determine whether the average of male
death registered is the same with the average number of female death
To determine the relationship between
death and age at death.
AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
to the short period of time and limited resources to carry out this research,
the scope of the study was limited to the national population commission, Ilorin
west local government area of Kwara state.
vital registration was fully stated throughout
the states of the federation in 1991 by the national population commission
Ilorin south local government area happen to be one of the local government
selected for the project on kwara state as at that year, hence the study would
be for the five years (2008-2012).
The study only on registration of
birth and death, since all vital events are yet to be fully started.
DATA SITUATION IN NIGERIA
There are four major sources of
demographic data for the planning process in Nigeria, these are census, vital
registration, sample survey and administration records. Data generations from
any of these have resulted in the death of demographic data for the effective
socio-political and economic planning process.
Census is the only major source from which
data has been generated to cater for both the micro and macro data needs of the
individual, researcher and the government in general.
The first independent census in Nigeria
carried out in 1963 remains the only acceptable census whose data used for
planning conducted in 1991 was refused. To know the actual size of the
country’s population in relation to an earlier census at a time T, growth
formula is always handy PT=PO+(B-D) + (I-E)
Where Pt is the population at time (current
population) PO is the population at time 0 (last population i.e census figure
B-D is the crude natural increase (births
minus death figure for the period 0 to t)
I-e is the immigration of people minus
emigration of people for the period of O to T i.e E net migration.
general, when vital registration function normally. It is the principal source
of data of the nation for measuring fertility, mortality and Nupitiality.
Hence, it helps in updating census
from time to time.
The organization structure of vital
registration is divided into various groups for easy supervision and management
in achieving their aim and objectives.
CHAIRMAN- is a
single person appointed by a government to see the smooth running of all
activities of the national population commission in the country.
COMMISSIONER: - to
ensure adequate coverage and effective supervision of a vital registration exercise,
the country has been divided into seven zones with commissioners heading each
DEPUTY ZONAL DIRECTOR:- The zonal
director is at the zonal level. He will be generally responsible for organizing
the vital registration system and ensuring its adequate functioning within the
achieve proper structured into three tiers of administrative/technical set up
namely the birth registration, the death and still birth registration and
FIELD: - this
is the origin of the information of vital events and it is broadly as follows:-
CHIEF REGISTRAR: - is
at the state level supervisors the system in all the area of the state.
DEPUTY CHIEF REGISTRAR: - is
at the L.G.A level. He/she will be generally responsible for organizing the
vital registration system and ensuring it’s adequate in the local government
L.G.A OFFICIAL: –
these are staff involved in the smooth running and compiling the result of
registration. They supervise the work of the registrar.
REGISTRAR: - The
main field official who obtains the filled informs, register the event and
issue the certificate. There is generally one registrar for every village, a
group of small villages or a ward within the town or city.