SOCIO – ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTIONS OF TOURISM TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY IN LAGOS STATE

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Product Category: Projects

Product Code: 00005270

No of Pages: 64

No of Chapters: 5

File Format: Microsoft Word

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₦3000

ABSTRACT

 

Tourism is related to traveling which means movement or journey by people from their homes to another place for minimum and maximum period of time.  Tourism is a broad industry from which the host community and the country entirely benefit in terms of economic (as major foreign exchange in balance of payment) social culture promoter, political and creates good image of the host country.  Hospitality industry is a diversified industry which deals with warmth reception and comfortability of visitors especially the tourist who needs food, drink and accommodation from the industry at their destination.

 

This project is carried out to enlighten the public on the relationship between tourism and hospitality industry and to show some benefits hospitality industry can derive from tourism.  It also contain the needs of the tourist and reason for the public to be more hospitable, informed and invest in the industry without fear.  Lagos State was chosen for the appraisal of some hospitality industry and tourist attraction so as to make it possible far discussion on all the basic amenities required and level of standard of service required by the visitor.  Also to appraise the social and economic benefits derived by hospitality industry from tourism.

 

There were questionnaires of thirty – six questions in all.  The questionnaires were divided into three parts.  The first for guest / tourist, second the hoteliers and third the other class of people e.g. students.

 

The questionnaire were administered to Chelsea suite Festac town, Whispering paln Iworo Badagry, Lagos Airport Hotel Ikeja, slave relies museum badagry, Slave Port Badagry, Yaba College of Technology students and Yaba College secondary school yaba.  Three hundred and questionnaire fifty was distributed and only two hundred and twenty were turned.

 

The returned questionnaires were uses to interprete the result.  Some textbooks were used and some photographs of tourist centres and hotel structure and their services were pasted.

 

However, hotels are the principal mode of hospitality industry that offer and supply the tourist with what they need and want.  In the process guarantee comfort and satisfaction for the tourists and in turn receive the worth for the service rendered.  These come in form of good image social acceptability and promotes the country’s culture. 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

                                                                                         PAGES

Title page                                                                           i

Certification                                                                       ii

Dedication                                                                         iii

Acknowledgement                                                              iv

Abstract                                                                            v

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0    Introduction

1.1    Background to Study

1.2    Statement of Problem

1.3    Scope of the study

1.4    General Objective of the study

1.5    Significance of study

1.6    Limitation of the study

1.7    Research Question and Hypothesis

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.1         Literature Review

2.2         Historical Development of Tourism

2.3         History of the Tourism in Nigeria

2.4         The Relationship between Tourism and Hospitality Industry

 

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH DESIGN

3.1         Research Methodology

3.2         Background Information on place of study

3.3         Preliminary Visit to place of study

3.4         Selection of Samples

3.5         Socio-economic data of respondents

3.6         Instrument for data collection

3.7         Method and Techniques of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0    Analysis and Presentation of Data

4.1    Preamble

4.2    Section A

4.3    Section B Guest / Tourist only

4.4    Hoteliers (Operators only)

4.5    Others (Student, Civil Servants Businessmen)

4.6    General

 

CHAPTER FIVE

         Discussion

5.1         Interpretation of Result

5.2         Implication of study

5.3         Conclusion

5.4         Recommendation

         REFERENCES



 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0    INTRODUCTION

 

1.1    BACKGROUND TO STUDY

Tourism has been defined by different Scholars in various ways, for instance, tourism may be through the relationships and phenomenon arising out of the journey and temporary stay of people traveling primarily for leisure or recreation purpose.

 

Okpara, A. (2001May 13) defined tourism as that industry which cater for the need of those away from home.  The industry cover the selling of services such as accommodation, transportation (air, road, water and rail entertainments, souvenir and other service that gave satisfaction to visitors in a particular place.  Thus from the analogy, tourism is a phenomenohal of multiple professions it encompasses the following occupation:-

-                Natural discovery, excavation and preservation

-                Transportation through Air, Sea, Road and Rail

-                Traveling or touring documentation and facilitation.

-                Hotel Accommodation and Catering

-                Cultural and social exchanges

-                Auxiliary, service like banking, postal communication medical and so on.

 

Also with its root in nature development and the dynamic activities of man tourism across the entire professions involves man, animals, herbs and even mother earth.

 

Therefore, it is the mother of all industries.  Tourism is a hybrid of a most primitive industry with its involvement in nature conservation and the most advanced industries in its catering for man’s need, taste and fashion.  Tourism as a conglomeration of all industries undoubtedly engages the largest population of man in its revenue generating capacity.  This is why it is being regarded as a gold mine if well harnessed.

 

Apart from the early origins when tourism was basically for political religious and academic purpose it can now be said to be an unrivalled commercial and industrial sources of revenue globally.

 

Countries like Kenya, Brazil, Columbia, Thailand Singapore, Cuba, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland, Malaysia, Netherlands and many others derived a substantial part of their foreign exchange income from tourism.

 

In these and other countries tourism have prove to be catalyst required for the growth of the other industries.

 

Ogunlade, (1997) defined tourism as the migration of people, families and groups outside the normal residential place for a limited period of time and they make the choice themselves.

 

Furthermore, Oludiran (1995) stated that tourism is an instrument to create social peace; it levels out the incomes of the people and reduce tensions between the rich and the poor and little tension within the population because there is not such a big difference between the very rich and the poor.

 

Also he said, it is important to note that investments of tourism is long run not only for the sake of tourist but they are very important for the local population and due to development of tourist, one is not confronted with flow of people from the rural areas to the cities.

 

Valerile Smith (1997) identified several types of tourism based on travel experiences provided at the various destinations and these are

-                Ethnic Tourism:- This type of tourism is for the purpose of observing the cultural expression and life style of people in the tourism destination.

-                Cultural Tourism:- This entails traveling or experience or at times participating in varnishing life style that lies within human memory.

-                Historical Tourism:- This is traveling to place of historical values to learn about events of the past eg a visit to Badagry to see slave chain used in the past.

-                Eco-Tourism:- This is a types of tourism in which one travels to appreciate the work of nature, which may include flora fauna, various landscape or landform etc.

-                Recreation Tourism:- This is a kind of tourism which involve participation on sport and social contact in a relaxed environment.  Such areas often include remote area, sandy beach.

-                Business Tourism:- This is characterized as convention meetings, seminars at places different from one’s place of residence.

 

In this wise, tourism is said to be incomplete in the absence of hospitality industry, which guarantees the comfort of the Tourist from the time of arrival to departure time.

 

Facilities provided for tourist fall into two main categories:-

-                Those which are common to all types of resorts wherever they may be located, providing for general tourists needs such as accommodation, catering, entertainment, leisure and relaxation.

-                Those which are identified with particular localities utilizing the resources of the site and surrounding for more specific pursuit increation which characterized the nature of the resort e.g. seaside mountain etc.

Hospitality industry see to the well being of the tourists at their destination during their stay such as providing accommodation, food, drink, relaxation, sight seeing and other services.

 

Hence hospitality industry is an important branch of Tourism, which cannot be neglected.  Hospitality industry develops side by side with ‘Tourism in order to meet the demand of the prospective buyers of Tourism.

 

A tourist that is leaving his home for another place where he has no relation will need a place to rest his head in the night or a place to relax after business.  Nigeria is classified as one of the most hospital environment in the world because of her rich tradition which endowed her with pleasure, hospitality and accommodating behaviour with brotherhood and sisterhood tradition.

 

Hospitality industry has an important and expanding role to play in improving the nation’s economy through tourism industry.  Hospitality is of different categories, ranging from image created at the embassy and indigenous hospitality received by the tourists.

 

The hospitality industry itself comprises the hotel, motel, guests houses, hostel and social centres etc.  The later group is what this project will expatiate mostly on.  The industry is of different types namely intra-state, inter state, international or regional depending on the reasons and interest of the tourist.

 

Nigeria is blessed with variety of tourism potentials, such as Rivers, mountains, sea, beaches, water falls, landscape, historical monuments, crafts pottery, game reserves, zoo forest, wild-life, golden sand of Victoria beaches, sun, warm springs, diversity of culture, exotic food, oceans, markets and numerous festivities.

 

In no doubt Nigeria is a land of adventure and excitement, if tourism is developed properly, will improve the economic situation of the country.

 

1.2        STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The rate of development with tourist attractions in other countries of the world is so great but in Nigeria lack of security, economic and social level, socio-political factor and to great extent accommodation and catering which is expensive where it exist in Nigeria and not existing in some places.  All these, keep tourist away from Nigeria.

 

1.3    SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This research covers various aspect of hospitality industry and tourism, benefit that are derive from tourism by hospitality industry, government and the populace as a whole.  Also the rate of tourism and tourism products that hospitality industries supply to make comfortable and record reasonable returns.

 

1.4    GENERAL OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

To establish the inseperatable linkage between tourism and hospital industry.

 

THE SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

-                To identify the relationship between tourism hospitality industry.

-                To enlighten the operators of hospitality industry on the needs of the tourist.

-                To create awareness to the public and private investors of the benefit that can be derive from contributing and investing in the development of hospitality industry.

-                To identify the need for government to develop tourism and hospitality industry in Lagos State.

-                To know the effects of tourism on the environment, people and culture.

 

1.5    SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The success stories of tourism in countries like Kenya, Egypt, India and the caribean Island are proofs that this sector of the economy is a major foreign exchange earners.  Hence this study lead to revival of hospitality industry in Lagos State by examining and critically assessing tourism as a base factor for socio – economic development of the hospitality industry.

1.6        LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

During the course of the research, Nigeria Development and Tourism Co-operation (NDTC) was visited for data on hotels and tourist attractions in Lagos State but information was not given on time for excuses that hotels are still registering and so information are still under processing.

 

Also non availability of enough time to cover some of the areas that are involved and useful data from the focused hotels and tourist centre are the other factor that limit the extent of this study.

  

1.7    RESEARCH QUESTION AND HYPOTHESIS

         RESEARCH QUESTION

To what extent can Tourism development be increase in Lagos State.

 

What would government do to assist hospitality industry in Nigeria to meet international standard.

 

HYPOTHESIS

Ho     Increase in Tourism development leads to increase in returns of the hospitality industry.

Hi      Increase in Tourism development does not lead to increase in returns of the hospitality industry.



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