There is need to encourage Nigerian Youth to
actively participate in national integration and development, rather
than have passive beneficiaries of the process of change in society. It is
against the back ground that the NYSC scheme sends teaming Nigeria
graduates from various institutions within the country to serve their father
land for the period of one year in states other than their states of Origin.
Many people see these youths in their uniform without clear knowledge of
who they are or what they stand for. Some doubt the wisdom in continuation of
NYSC and complain that funding of this scheme is a colossal waste.
It is in realization of the above arguments
ascertain the reasons behind the inauguration of NYSC scheme, to find out its
achievements of as well as the problems militating against it. With the view to
finding lasting solutions to these problems and making appropriate
recommendations for effective operations of the scheme and enable the general
public appreciate the efforts of the scheme in unity and development of the
nation. These will be reviewed in five well arranged chapters of this research
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of contents
1.1 background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 research questions
1.5 Statement of hypothesis
1.6 Significance of the study
1.7 scope of the study
1.8 Limitation of the study
1.9 Definition of terms
inauguration of NYSC
Development services (C D S)
2.5.2 Principles and objectives of C D S
2.6 Organization of the NYSC development
2.7 The impact of NYSC scheme to National
Development in Nigeria.
2.8 The impact of NYSC scheme to Abia State
2.9 Problems of the NYSC scheme
of data collection
reliability of measuring instrument
Method of data
analysis of data
Analysis of data
Every society of the world be it social
political, economic, industrial and etc. calls for innovations and or
renovations. As such, the National Youth Service Scheme was conceived at a time
when Nigeria more than ever needed a systematic involvement of all.
Particularly the youths with their abundant energies and skills in the task of
nation building and acquisition of national consciousness. The event that
brought about the thirty- six months of civil war (1967-1970) and the after
effects lightened the need fro a deliberate programme to:
ethnic understanding, integration and national unity.
country’s human resources, utilization and accelerated reconstruction and
Hence, the federal military government under
Gowon’s administration drew up the National Youth Service Corps Scheme (NYSC)
as the most appropriate programme to put the above mentioned consideration into
As good order is the foundation of all good
things, the National Youth Service Scheme widely acclaimed as one of the best
legacies of General Gowon’s administration, since inception, has continued to
justify its purpose and existence. One can therefore simply stated that the
National Youth Service Corps. Decree 24 of 1973 stated that the scheme is being
established. “With a view to the proper encouragement and development of common
ties among the youth of Nigeria and the promotion of National unity”.
The scheme has like any other human organization
suffered some set-backs due to a number of constraints in its efforts to attain the desire set goals in social,
polices and economic spheres of this great nation Nigeria.
Thus, this study seeks to evaluate the purpose
and role this scheme is expected to play towards the development and unity of
Nigeria as a Nation, as well as the extent to which the scheme has really
achieve this purpose particularly in Abia State.
OF THE PROBLEM:
No human organization, business or venture is
devoid of one problem or the other. But as dynamic human beings in a dynamic
world, these problems changes from time to time depending on the variables and
The National Youth Service Corps Scheme is no
exception. The scheme has over the years had its share of problems. Some of
these problem militate against the operational efficiency and effectiveness of
the scheme and have therefore.
OF THE STUDY
The case study of this research work is NYSC Abia
State. Therefore, it will not be out of place to give a brief account on the
origin and creation of Abia as a state in Nigeria.
Abia State was created on 27th August
1991. It was carved out from Imo State and Afikpo now part of Ebonyi State, as
one of the nine states created by Babangide military administration. Abia is a
state with about seventeen local government areas, which include, Aba North,
Aba South, Arochukwu, Bende, Obingwa, Umunneochi, Umuohia south, Umuahia North,
Ohafia, Osisioma Ngwa etc. with the state capital at Umuahia.
Since the creation of Abia state on 27th
August, 1991 five military Administrators as well as three democratically
elected civilian governors have headed the state. They include; Group capt.
Frank Ajobena, the first military governor, Chief Ogbonnaya Onu. The first
military governor, Ike Nwosu, Temi Ejor, Moses Fasanya, Anthony Obi, Dr Orji
Uzor Kalu and chief T.A Orji the present governor of Abia state.
The creation of Abia State gave birth to the
establishment of the National Youth Service Corps. Abia state chapter in the Year
1991 under the administration of Group capt. Frank Agobena as the then military
head of state.
The states NYSC secretariat which in Umuahia, the
state capital is located at No 13 Park Road Umuahia in Umuahia North Local
Government area. The secretariat was established in 1991, and was headed by Mr.
Uforth Etuk Ubom as the first state co-ordinator.
National Youth Service Corps Abia state permanent
orientation camp was formally at Nsulu Game village in Isiala- Ngwa North local
government area of Abia state. But in 2007, the orientation camp was transferred
to Igbere by the then governor of the state, in the person of Dr orji Uzor
Kalu. That is to say that, Abia state NYSC orientation camp is presently
located at Igbere in Bende local government area of Abia state.
At present, Nation Youth Service corps. Abia
state is headed by Mr. A.N Ozornma, as the state co-ordinator while Mrs. Mary
Abia was the emeritus state co-ordinator made the development efforts of the
scheme more challenging. The scheme has been played with several problems
ranging from lack of funding, ethnicity problems, religious/ political crisis,
as well as the unwillingness of graduates and corps members to dedicated
service. These and many more has been a cog in the wheel of success of the
It is the aim of this research work to highlight
and discuss the impact of the National Youth Service Corps scheme to National
unity and development and in Abia state in particular. In addition, attempt
will be made to highlight and examine services of the problems which militate
against the schemes efforts to adequately contribute to Nigeria’s national
OF THE STUDY
The objectives of this research work is steered
v-raying and highlighting the purpose which the
scheme is designed to play towards Nigeria’s national development.
v To what extent to which the scheme has actually
achieved this purpose particularly in Abia state.
v To find out the problems facing the NYSC scheme
in Abia state.
v To profer lasting solution to these problems
which stand as stumbling blocks on the road to success of the scheme
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Why was National Youth Service Corps Scheme
introduced in Nigeria?
To what extent has the scheme contributed to the
development and unity of the Nation?
What are the factors militating against the
scheme’s efforts to adequately contribute to the unity and development in
* In your opinion, do you think that the scheme has achieved its
* If yes to the above question, to what extent has the objective been
* Will you say that the scheme is properly funded?
* Do you there is proper monitoring & evaluation of corps members
* If ‘No’ to the above question, what is the effect of this on corps
* In your opinion, do you think that the monthly allowance (N977s)
should be stepped up?
* Will you say that Religious and political crisis are challenges to the schemes objective?
* Does the scheme impact positively the lives of NYSC Members
1.5 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS
For the purpose of this study, the following
hypothesis are used
v That the NYSC scheme has contributed to the
integration and unification of Nigeria.
v That the NYSC scheme serves an instrument to the
social, economic and political development in Nigeria.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
v The researcher considers this study a timely one,
especially now that a lot of things are threatening the existence of Nigeria as
v The significance of this study is based on the
fact that it semi the general public and the Nigerian policy makers to the
truth about the contribution of the NYSC scheme to the development, integration
and unity of Nigeria as a nation.
v Moreover, it will serve as a prerequisite to the
award of Higher National Diploma (HND) certificate and to many who may want to
carry out more research work on the topic, this study will be useful to them.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study is on all about National
Youth Service Corps Scheme. Considering the fact that the topic under research
touches the entire nation and due to time and other constraints, the researcher
has limited the study to NYSC Abia state.
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Conducting a research of this nature cannot be
done without meeting some constraints.
The researcher had limited time to explore the
topic under research. Again, finance posed another problem. There was not
enough fund for procurement of materials and to run around. This restricted the
research to areas were much finance is not needed and to enable her meet the
In spite of the above mentioned limitations the
reliability and validity of the study is not affected.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
1. ADMINISTRATION: The activities that are done in order to plan organize and run a
business or an institution.
A large unit of an army considering of 2 or more divisions. Group of people
involved in a particular job or activity.
An official order from a government that becomes the law.
4. DEVELOPMENT: Gradual growth of something, so that it becomes more advanced and
The way in which people or things behave and react to each other in a
6. INTEGRATION: The act or process of combining two or more things so that they works
Connected with a particular nation, shared by a whole nation. E.g they are
afraid of loosing their national identity.
8. ORIENTATION COURSE: Induction programme where certain basic things
are taught to people
System that provides something that the public needs.
The state of being in agreement and working together.
Young people considered as a group the Nations Youth.