The research is on the effective of
globalization on industrial relations practice. A case study of multinational
company john Holt Nigeria.
Project is on the introductory
aspects that is, background of the study, and historical background of john
Holt. It covers the motivating factor that leads the researcher into the
writing of the project and the objectives to be achieved by research project.
Project is also devoted for review of
necessary literature in the work. The scholar view, the definition of
industrial relations. Industrial relations system frame work. I
The research work will reveal the
methods employed in the course of writing this work. These shall consist of
research question, restatement of hypothesis, research design, and population
of study, sample size and sampling techniques, instrument of data collection
and treatment and analysis of data.
It also contained with the analysis
and interpretation of data collected, testing of hypothesis and interpretation
of hypothesis result.
It comprises of summary. Conclusion
and recommendation, bibliography and appendix are not left out to complete the
TABLE OF CONTENT
Tittle page i
Certification Dedication ii
Table of content v
1.0 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 2
1.2 OBJECTIVES OF STUDY 6
1.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM 6
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION 7
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS 7
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF STUDY 7
1.7 DEFINITIN OF TERMS 7
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE
2.0 INTRODUCTION 9
2.1 THEORETICAL CONCEPT
2.2 DEFINITION OF INDUSTRIAL
2.3 INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS SYSTEM FRAME
2.4 STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
2.5 STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 15
2.6 LABOUR LAW AND SOCIAL SECURITY 15
2.7 LABOU R ACT CAP 198 LFN 1990 17
2.8TRADE UNION 19
2.9 STATES AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 25
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH
3.0 INTRODUCTION 27
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN 27
3.2 SAMPLE SIZE AND SAMPLE PROCEDURE 27
3.3 THE STUDY OF POPULATION 27
3.4 RESEARCH INSTRUMENTATION/DAT
3.5 SOUCES OF DATA 28
3.6 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS 28
3.7 ADMINISTRATION OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE 28
3.8 DIRECT INTERVIEW 29
3.9 STATISTICAL TOOL APPLIED IN DATA
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.1 ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH QUESTION 30
4.2 RESTATEMENT OF RESEARCH QUESTION
4.3 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS
4.4 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS ONE 39
4.5 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS 40
4.6 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS THREE 40
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY,
RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
5.0 INTRODUCTION 42
5.1 GLOBALIZATION AND ITS IMPORTANCE 43
5.2 RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION 43
Virtually everything in our society
depends on information technology. Efficiency and industrial growth can be
enhanced with information technology. Technology innovations have entirely
change economic socio-cultural and political forces of the world moving towards
world's integration. Enterprises or Organization divided against itself shall
not stand, due to this organization should come together and work towards
achieving the objectives and goals of the organization. Organization has to
work harmoniously for the interest of all the stake holders in the industry
which includes workers, employer’s government. Society state etc.
Globalization deals with the concept
of information transmission to individuals corporate investors through
electronic system that tend to integrate the corporate goal with the National
and international economic through trade, Foreign investment capital inflows,
migration technological spread. It is the internationalization of everything
related to different countries information technology brought about new
dimensions in services rendered with the use of computer greatly reduce the
normal work done and brings about specialization increase in productivity and
The advent of internet. E-mail. Page
maker and communication has formed the world into a global village whereby cost
of communication is drastically reduced.
Globalization embrace facilities such
as online training, computer generated compensational benefit recruitment,
intentional stock market and exchange mobile tribune etc. which as greatly to
many international organization.
1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
The Vision began in 1962 when John
Holt, just under 21 years Old with £27 his pocket take up appointment as a shop
assistant in a grocery store in Fernando Pothe present equatorial Guinea, Five
years later, he bought out his employer and subsequently builds up a produce
trade with the Delta ports. Palm oil, Palm kernel, rubber and cocoa were
exported to England.
Imports include textile from Brigham
in 1897 John Holt established his first venture in Lagos.
Lip to the Second World War much of
John Holt business was in distribution and export of produce. A fleet of ship
operated a fort mightily service from Liverpool to West Africa and the company
also had its own fleet of river craft. These river craft carry produce,
merchandise and cash where Banks do not exist. The company had strong rooms
even after Banks were established many Nigerian preferred to deposit their cash
and valuable with John Holt.
In 1961 John Holt and company
(Liverpool) limited was in co-operated in Nigerian as John Holt limited.
The company logo consist of brass
manna, Previously used in some parts of Nigeria as currency and a fine star,
which signifies the groups link or connection with Liverpool (U.K).
John Holt is a well-established name
in Nigeria and has been an important participation in many areas of the
economy. Their interests are managed in two operations divisions.
PRODUCT AND LEASING SERVICES
A market leaders in various fields:
engineering specializes in sales leasing and maintenance of large power
generating and related equipment (F.G) Wilson diesel and gas generations.
sells, hires and services air conditioners and other cooling equipment
leases and service vessels. (Almarine boats and shrgsby aviation over crafts)
protection sells ANGNS fire U.K and Rosenbauer firefighting equipment.
Benefit derived from John Holt
leasing include the release of funds, Better cash flow, assured budgeting less
tax and provision of alternative, equipment in case of prolonged breakdown.
John Holt leasing offers an
impressive list of equipment, cars pick-ups, Buses, Trucks, Water tankers,
Boat, Hover craft, firefighting equipment etc.
The motors leasing unit can structure
and package leases of varying vehicles and tenures (6-36 months). Replacement
clauses are also included to ensure that the customer does not accumulate
business down time unnecessarily.
Dominant player in the distribution and warehouse of a wide range of consumer
and light industrial goal.
Distribution of a full range of Yamaha products, Include motorcycles, Out-board
engines, Generators and Multi-purpose engines.
Build fiberglass boats to order for sales / lease.
JOHN HOLT SHII'PING SERVICES
It is a major provider of shipping, freight
forwarding, clearing and ware housing services.
The group head (central) is
responsible for the management of the group's portfolio of properties across
the country, finance Insurance, manpower development, training and statutory
PRODUCTS AND SERVICES
The group has undergone a major
restructuring exercises and is now focused in the market sector where it can
achieve leadership. The restructuring exercises reflect the emerging trend in
market competition, consumer orientation in the light of the layer macro-economic
and social realities and the group's core business and competences.
Redeployment of staff within and
across divisional boundaries has also been carried out to ensure that staffs
are in functions and positions where they can make optimum use of skills and
The sum of these is the strengthening
of the group to make it further quicker and
more flexible in responding to market opportunities and deriving fully
the benefit of economic of scales and synergy.
The group's interests are managed in
the following divisions / units.
PRODUCT & LEASING SERVICES
1. John Holt Engineering
2. John Hol T Leasing
3. John Holt Fire Protection Iv
5. John Holt Ventures
6. John Holt Shipping
"Our mission is to engage in
industrial commercial and other related business that provide goods and service
that best meet the needs of Nigerian markets, with the satisfactory return to
our shareholders to provide rewarding careers to our employees through quality
of work. Life that enhance their commitment to the company and enables them to
fulfill their development needs to provide support for social action that
promotes general wellbeing and through the foregoing strengthen our conditions
to Nigeria economic, Industrial and social development.
Improving the quality of social and
community fife is an integral part of our co-operate mission. Our activities
are at the fore front of Nigeria's economic and social development.
We are actively involved in partnership
with numerous communities around the country in promoting cultural activities
and peaceful co-existence, as well as strengthen national unity and community
We support several charities and
community groups with cash and linked donations to enables them achieve their
At John Holt we never forget that we
are not just only a company we are part of the community. The company's
responsiveness to social needs has recognize John Holt as a formidable force in
the economic and social advancement of Nigeria.
Substantial investment has been made
in information technology. A major benefit accruing from the company's
information system is the elastic capacity to develop a database in key arcs of
management of the business as well as improving total process performance
within the new system, the group has strengthened its position as a frontline
contender in each product group and market sector in which it operates.
The company's remain committed to
make sure that employees are adequately remunerated and that they work in the
most rewarding environment. The annual appraisal processes identify - training
and development need for each employees. The annual training programs are
designed to meet these needs and, In this regard, extensive training program
include internal and external course are carried out.
The group as undergone a major
restructuring exercise. The restructuring exercise reflect the emerging trend
in market competition consumer orientation in the light of large macro-economic
and social realities and the group's core business and competences.
A redevelopment of staff within and
across divisional boundaries as also been carried out to ensure that staff are
in functions and position where they can optimal use of their skills and competences.
1.2 OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
The objectives of this research is
discuss the essence of globalization.
discuss the future of globalization.
discuss the new development on globalization.
evaluate advantages and disadvantages of globalization. v. To highlight the
concept of globalization to date.
review the area of globalization in industrial relations. V11. To determine
globalization effect on industrial relations.
1.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The present day business world in
faced with competition. Provision of wider product and services that are
deliver through technological innovation. Expectation from practices and the
general people contribute to the reason for the study.
is the concept and effect of globalization on industrial Relations Practice?
are the problems faced by Industrial Relations Practitioner In reviewing their
How could globalization be review?
are the suggestion and problem of globalization on industrial Relations
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTONS
It is-statement that captures the
main question of the study to be verified ascertain
has globalization contributed to industrial Relation?
globalization facilitate dispute settlement?
3.What impact has globalization on the
economy? 4. Does globalization reduces industrial conflicts?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
Ho: Globalization has
effects on industrial Relations Practice
Hi: Globalization has no effects on industrial
Ho: Globalization brings about industrial
stability, growth and development.
Hi: Globalization does not bring about industrial
stability, growth and development.
Ho: Globalization leads to industrial peace and enhance economic
growth and development.
does not lead to industrial peace and enhance economic growth and development.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Due to time constraint this study is
being restricted to multinational company referred to as JOHN HOLT NIG. LTD.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
INTERNET: It is a computer network system
comprises many stations lanced together and are controlled or share resources
available through the informational bank called Data Bank "Central
GLOBALIZATION: It is concerned with increasing the
interconnected and interdependent world .n international trade, management,
Administration, investment and finance that have been growing much faster than
national incomes (Wolfensoh, 2001).
INFORMATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: It is use of electronic system for
processing and transfer or disseminates information. These include computer,
WEBSITE: It IS
an address of an individual or Organization and service Offered.
ONLINE: It is the method of passing or
obtaining information on the computer within and outside the company.
NETWORK: It is a system whereby people
indifferent locations are linked together via computer
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS: Is the Complex interrelationship
existing among stakeholders. I.e. government, workers, managers and other
SYSTEM: It is the interrelationship existing
within a body i.e. interconnectivity of various component.
CONFLICT: It is the disagreement between
component that form an organization i.e. workers and management, labour and
government etc. ORGANIZATION: It is a system through which individual
effort channel toward attainment of a major goal or objective.
TRADE UNION: It is an organization of employee to
take care of member's needs 1 interest.
PRODUCTIVITY: It is the ratio or proportion of
output to input.
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