The study examined an evaluation of the implementation of CRK curriculum for Junior Secondary Schools in Education District IV of Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State. In this study, brief literature review was carried out under sub-headings. The descriptive research survey was applied in the assessment of selected respondents using the questionnaire and the sampling technique. A total of 226 (two hundred and twenty six) respondents were selected in this study to represent the entire population of the study. The samples involved 26 CRK teachers and 200 CRK students (13 male teachers and 13 female teachers) and (100 male and 100 female) students drawn from 10 (ten) secondary schools in the Local Government Area under review. A total of five (5) research questions, and five (5) null hypotheses were formulated and analysed statistically using the percentage frequency, while the null hypotheses were tested using the Chi-square statistical tool for hypotheses one, two and five respectively while hypotheses three and four were tested using the Pearson Product Moment Correlatinoal Statistical tool. All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance and were all rejected. This means that the effective implementation of CRK curriculum affects students’ academic achievement and their moral orientation in the society. Therefore, it is recommended that CRK teachers should endeavour to effectively implement the CRK curriculum content especially at the Junior Secondary School level in Lagos State and that the objectives of curriculum in CRK needs to be implemented. This will go a long way in enabling students to embrace good moral values in the society and the school
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background to the Study 1
1.2 Statement of Problem 1
1.3 Purpose of the Study 2
1.4 Research Questions 3
1.5 Research Hypotheses 3
1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study 4
1.7 Significance of the Study 4
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 Concept of Curriculum 6
2.2 Concept of Curriculum Evaluation 7
2.3 Concept of Moral and Religious Education 9
2.4 Importance of Moral and Religion Education in Nigerian
School System 10
2.5 The Nature of Christian Religious Knowledge (CRK) at the
Secondary School Level 12
2.6 Evaluative Models in Curriculum 13
2.7 Graphic Analyses of the Evaluation Models 16
2.8 Evaluation of Christian Religious Knowledge Curriculum 17
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 20
3.1 Research Design 20
3.2 Population of the Study 20
3.3 The Sampling Technique 20
3.4 Sample Size 20
3.5 Instrumentation 21
3.6 Face and Content Validity 21
3.7 Reliability of Instrument 21
3.8 Data Collection 21
3.9 Data Analysis 22
3.10 Duration of the Study 22
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS 23
4.0 Introduction 23
4.1 Descriptive Analysis of Respondents, Bio-Data According to Teachers’
Sex, Age, Marital status, Qualification and Duration of service 23
4.2 Description of Teacher’s Responses According to the Research
Questions raised in this study 26
4.3 Descriptive Analysis of student’s Bio-Data According to Sex,
Age, Class and Future Career 32
4.4 Description of Research Questions for Students 35
4.5 Testing of Hypotheses 41
4.6 Summary of findings 45
CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION, SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 47
5.0 Introduction 47
5.1 Discussion of Findings 47
5.2 Summary of Study 49
5.3 Conclusions 50
5.4 Recommendations 50
Appendix I – Teachers’ Questionnaire 55
Appendix II – Students’ Questionnaire 57
Appendix III - Observation Schedule 59
1.1 Background to the Study
Christian Religious Knowledge (CRK) as known at secondary school level is a subject that has always played an important role in human history. It is one of those subjects that provide opportunities for the full development of the child’s cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains. It is a process by which children understand the religious traditions of life and thought. It also helps one to be sensitive to the ultimate question posed by life and to the dimensions of mysteries and wonders that underline human experiences. Christian religious knowledge serves as a foundation of moral and spiritual guidance for the pupils/students. It gives a sense of direction and ability to differentiate between what is right and wrong (NERDC, 2007).
Religion and moral education have been widely accepted as determinants of national development in modern society, hence, the inclusion of the subject in the school curriculum. Also, Christian religious knowledge has its foundation in the National Policy on Education (NPE, 2004). It is advocated in some sections of the policy for all levels of learning. The policy emphasized that religious instruction and moral education shall be taught and learnt in schools. The national curriculum for religious education evolved over time as a reflection of the needs, perceptions and historical development for the societies concerned. The methods of teaching Christian religious knowledge in the junior secondary school comes under focus when its effect on the moral and spiritual dimensions.
1.2 Statement of Problem
Religion generally, plays an important function in the lives of people in the society, especially in the lives of pupils/students at the lower-post-primary institutions in Nigeria, and Lagos State in particular. However, the problems inherent in the wrong application of teaching methods, improper exploration of subject-content, and unclear delineation of the objectives, non-application of correct teaching materials, teachers’ poor attitudes, teachers’ poor quality in terms of lack of qualification which leads to non-mastery of content and non-mastery of methodology, poor personality and so on, in teaching and learning of the subject, have been of immense concern to the stake-holders in the subject. No wonder, the Christian religious knowledge, education and instruction, have failed to play the major role of serving as fountain of moral and spiritual guidance for the pupils/students in the primary and the lower post-primary schools in Lagos State Education District IV in particular and Nigeria in general.
This can be seen in the general decadence of our youths, and even the adult members of the society who are in one religion or the other but have failed to be good role models to the youths, despite religion being taught and studied both in the school and outside of it. The above identified problems, gave rise to the evaluation of the implementation CRK curriculum content, objectives, methods of teaching, teachers’ qualification, teaching materials applied in presentation of the subject in the classroom and so on.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
This study mainly examines the evaluation of curriculum implementation techniques in the area of content, objectives, teaching methods, teaching materials and teachers’ qualification in Christian Religious Knowledge (CRK) at the Junior Secondary Schools in District IV of Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State.
The specific objectives of the study included to:
(1) Examine the implementation of the content of CRK at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State District IV.
(2) Evaluate the implementation of the objectives of CRK at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State District IV.
(3) Investigate the implementation of the methods of teaching CRK at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State Education District IV.
(4) Evaluate the implementation of the materials applied in the teaching of CRK at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State Education District IV.
(5) Find out the qualification of teachers in CRK at the Junior Secondary Schools in Mainland Education District IV, Lagos State.
1.4 Research Questions
These research questions were raised for the conduct of this study thus:
(1) To what extent can the implementation of the content of CRK at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State be examined?
(2) How can the implementation of the objectives of CRK at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State be investigated?
(3) To what extent can the implementation of the methods of teaching CRK at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State be evaluated?
(4) Can the teaching materials applied in teaching CRK at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State be assessed?
(5) Are the CRK teachers at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State Education District IV qualified to teach the subject?
1.5 Research Hypotheses
In this study, the following null hypotheses were tested to give it an empirical status:
1. There will be no significant effect of the implementation of content on academic performance of students in CRK at Junior Secondary Schools level in Lagos State.
2. The implementation of the objectives of CRK will not significantly affect the moral values of students at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos Education District IV.
3. There will be no significant relationship between the implementation of the methods of teaching and students’ academic achievement in CRK at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State.
4. There will be no significant relationship between application of teaching materials and students’ learning outcomes in CRK at Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State.
5. The qualifications of teachers will not significantly affect students’ moral orientation at the Junior Secondary Schools in Lagos State.
1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study
This study covered the public Junior Secondary Schools located in Education District IV of Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State. Also, time frame, finance, respondents’ inhibitions and other logistics posed considerable constraints in the study
1.7 Significance of the Study
The findings and recommendations of this evaluative study, will be beneficial to the followings:
Teachers: Will benefit from this study, because, its findings/recommendations would go a long way in giving them crucial insights to the importance of implementation of the content, objectives, teaching materials, teaching methods, teachers’ possession of good personality, teachers’ possession of good attitudes and possession of requisite qualification(s) for teaching CRK at the secondary school level.
Students: Students would no doubt, be able to benefit from the study, because, it will help them to be in-the-know, concerning the importance implementation of good content, clarity in objectives, effective application of correct teaching methods and teaching materials in teaching CRK. Not only that, students in Junior Secondary Schools would appreciate the benefits of teachers good personality, high qualities, positive attitudes etc in the teaching/learning of CRK as a school subject.
School Authority/Ministry of Education/NERDC: The above agencies/educational bodies, would gain much beneficial insights from the findings/recommendations adduced in this study. For instance, the above mentioned education/research bodies would gather veritable information regarding the variables that are crucial to designing a holistic and all-encompassing CRK curriculum for Junior Secondary Schools, knowing its importance in the life of the Nigerian child and the society.
Society/Researchers/Scholars: This study will be of immense benefit to the above mentioned individuals in the academia and the society. While members of the society would appreciate the importance of good and effective implementation of curriculum in CRK, scholars and researchers in the subject would make objective reference to this study in their future studies.