The primary purpose of this study is to ascertain the effects of
corruption in the Nigerian public service. The survey method of descriptive
research was used for the study. The main instrument used in data collection
for the study was a questionnaire and its responses were detailed in frequency
tables and percentage which was used to analyse the data.
The result of the analysis and interpretation revealed that bureaucracy
has too much innovation and not rigidity, it sees human feelings and not
regarding human as a programme like machines and appropriately manipulated to
produce standard outcomes in Nigeria.
It was also discovered that rules and regulation encourage the operation of the
Nigerian police force. Impersonal orientation help the actualisation of police
force objectives, too close supervision and control that helps bureaucrat in
the process of carrying out assigned works in Nigeria. Also employees are
motivated due to unsterile work environment, strict adherence to rules and
regulation applied to workers. Creativity and innovation, hierarchy of
authority fosters the process of decision, a message sender and message received
for short communication, division of work compete of work comment and slow the
process of decision making. Therefore, employees are satisfied by the method of
payment and remuneration.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page = = = = = = = = = i
Approval page = = = = = = = = ii
Dedication = = = = = = = = iii
Acknowledgement = = = = = = = iv
Abstract = = = = = = = = v
Table of Content = = = = = = = vi-viii
Introduction = = = = = = = 1
of the Study = = = = = 2-3
1.2 Statement of
the Problem = = = = 4-5
of the Study = = = = = 6
Questions = = = = = = 7
1.5 Significance of the Study = = = = 8
1.6 Scope of the
Study = = = = = = 8
of the Study = = = = = 9
of Terms = = = = = = 10-11
Review = = = = = = 12
2.1 Introduction = = = = = = = 12-21
2.2 Nature &
Characteristics of corruption = = 22-23
2.3 Forms of
Corruption = = = = =
Impact of Corruption = = = =
2.5 Causes of
Corruption = = = = = 29
2.6 Bureaucracy = = = = = = = 30
2.7 Functions of
Bureaucracy = = = = 30-31
of Bureaucracy = = = = 32-33
Control of Corruption and Summary= 34-35
References = = = = = = 36
Design and Methodology = = = 37
3.1 Introduction = = = = = = = 37
Design = = = = = = = 37
Method of Data Collection = = = 38
and Sample Size = = = = 39
Techniques = = = = = 40
3.6 Validity and
Reliability of Measuring Instruments 40
3.7 Method of
Data Analysis = = = = = 40
and Analysis of Data = = = 41
4.1 Introduction = = = = = = = 41
Presentation = = = = = = 41
4.3 Analysis of
Data = = = = = = 41-48
4.4 Test of
Hypothesis = = = = = = 49-51
of Result (s)= = = = = 52-54
Conclusion and Recommendation = 55
5.1 Introduction = = = = = = = 55
5.2 Summary of
Findings = = = = = 55
5.3 Recommendation = = = = = = 56
5.4 Conclusion = = = = = = = 57-59
References = = = = = = 60
Questionnaires = = = 61-64
According to Max Weber he defined bureaucracy as an
organisation with a hierarchy of paid, full-time officials who formed a chain
of command and these are concerned with the business of administration with
controlling, managing and co-ordinating a complex series of task. Bureaucracy
is a system of control, it is a hierarchical organisation in which superiors
strictly control and discipline the activities of the subordinates. ORUEBOR,
A.A (2007:142) According to the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (2000)
defines corruption as “dishonest or illegal behaviour, especially of people in
authority; the act or effect or making somebody change from moral to immoral
standards of behaviour” corruption is a deviation from following the normal
accepted standard of behaviour by a public official in order to serve social
economic or political interest. CHINELO AROH (2010:50).
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The Nigerian police Authority have and will continue
to be one of the prime mores of development in different parts of the world and
their importance and impact on daily activities of citizens cannot be over
emphasized. Before the independence of Nigeria in 1960, public relations
practice was not popular because only a few Nigerians know what it was. In Nigeria, public
relation was introduced on 1st January, 1944 with the establishment
of the first ever public relations office in the country though it was not
popular. The lack of adequate knowledge of public relations as a career and the
absence of public relation programmes for understanding its practise hindered
many Nigerian organisations until recently, when the Federal Republic of
Nigeria promulgated Decree No.16 of June, 1990, establishing and upholding the
practice of public relations in Nigeria.
The origin of the police is a product of social crisis
in the society. The word Police is derived from the Greek word “polis” meaning
that part of non ecclesiastical administration having to do with the safety,
health and order of the state. Policing and police work did not start as a paid
profession. It started as a noble, incorruptible and distinction. It was the
justices of the peace system, which corrupted the parish constable system. The
1960 constitution established the Nigerian police force as a federal force
charged with the responsibility for maintenance of law and order throughout Nigeria.
However, the constitution did not prevent the regions from establishing their
own local police force. The command of the Nigerian police force was under the
inspector general of police (IGP) while those of the regions were under the
command of commissioners of police. Recently, the Nigerian police force (NPF)
dropped the force in its name and now answers the Nigerian police. Do not be
suprised to read the Nigerian police in place of the Nigerian police force.
The Nigerian police is grouped into departments A-F; “A” department takes care of administration
personnel promotion, dismissal, transfer and posting, medical budgeting, pay
and accounts, public relations and printing etc “B” department and “F” have
their own respective duties, our major concern is “A” department where public
relations belongs or categorised.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Here, the unfortunate aspect of corruption in Nigeria is that
there are enabling laws to fight it but the leadership find it difficult to
enforce these laws. The menace of corruption leads to slow movement of files in
the offices, police extortion eg “In collecting twenty naira from bus drivers
causing traffic congestion and even road accidents if any of the drivers
refuses to give them money, they will start shooting guns to deflate their
tyres. The funds allocated for their welfare disappear into this air. Thus, it
is believed by many in the society that corruption is endemic in all
government. Corruption is found in democratic and dictation politics, feudal,
capitalist and socialist economies.
The leaders as well as their followers are corrupt. If
there is lack of control of corruption in every sphere in the nation, it is
then like the old saying “When water chokes you, what do you take to wash it
down?”(The philosophy of Aristotle, 451-ME2783, p.355). Corruption is as a
result of man made factors such as greedy people, especially our leaders, who
are not contented with what they have so that they will use public funds for
selfish gains. Also, many people in Nigeria, especially the youths want
to get-rich-quick, so that they indulge in all types of crimes to make money,
kidnapping, electoral fund (thuggery), armed robbery, yahoo yahoo, 419, the
list is endless, yet the elders who are to correct them end in praising them.
Nigerian police force was known in the eighties and nineties for early dispatch
of services, result oriented performance and high productivity.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
The aim and objective of this project are as follows:
1. To solve the problem of corruption in the
Nigerian public service for better governance.
2. To know how bureaucracy structure and
control encourage the police force to achieve its objectives.
3. To find out
how bureaucracy improve decision making.
ascertain how bureaucracy improve productivity.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
1. `Why is corruption a viable enterprise in
the 3rd world, nay, Nigeria?
2. To what extent does the poor living
condition and welfare of the police affect their performance?
3. To what extent does police brutality and
extortion damage its image to the public?
4. How cordial is the relationship between the
police and the press?
5. To what extent do the Nigerian police
effectively handle crowd and crisis management?
The purpose of this research is to answer the uplisted
research questions that bother both the police and civilians in the state.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
findings in this study shall be of immense help to administrators and managers
in correcting animates coherent in a bureaucracy set up.
2. It will aid the government and television authority
to avoid bureaucracy bottle neck, red tapism and i do not care attitude
portrayed by workers.
3. It will
help the police force also in boasting productivity.
4. Corporate bodies and entrepreneurs that wish
to share their own business police force would find this study invaluable in
5. Academically, it will help other researchers
in further research analysis.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE
Since in large police force corruption in eminent and
inevitable for the success of such television authority, the study shall focus
on Nigerian police authority and due to its structural largeness the study
shall be narrowed down to the administrative sections.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In the study, the researcher encountered certain
constraints that impede the academic work. These are:
1. Time Constraints:
This posed as a limitation to the study, as the time frame work constructed
by the department for the kick off of the study was incompatible with out
academic work load.
of staff to give out information: The researcher myself could not gather as much information and facts
due to non compliance and non-challant attitude of respondents of workers
against the study.
Due to economic problem, the researcher myself is faced with lack of adequate
finance was not available for mobilisation of the work.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Organisation: This is a group of people who forms a business together to
achieve a goal.
This is the official rules and ways of doing things that a government or the
police force has with positions of an authority will defined hierarchically so
as to facilitate the attainment of police force goals.
This is seen from a government perspective where it is being used as a
machinery for implementing government policy.
Something that one tries to achieve, it is also the aim or goals the police
force or government seek to achieve.
This is a system with grades of authority or status from the lowest to the
highest. At each level of the hierarchy, officials enjoy the right of issuing
directives to subordinates who have the duty to obey them.