A local government is semi-autonomous territorial unit created by
the constitution or general laws of a state to undertake certain functions
within specified or limited geographical area. In Nigeria, local government is
created to bring government closer to the people. The major concern of this
research work is to assess the role of Ilorin-East Local Government Area of
Kwara State in community/rural development of its constituent communities. In
achieving this, the research work relies on the use of both primary and
secondary methods for data collection. A simple size of two hundred and fifty
(250) respondents was used for the study. Our findings revealed that the
council has not performed well in developing the rural areas over the years.
Various recommendations were made based on the findings among such are,
increase in revenue allocation by both Federal and State governments, serious
commitment be made by such staff toward internally generated revenue and the
use of direct labour (council engineers) in carrying out projects in place of
contractors. Improvement of infrastructure by the councils is also recommended.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
to the Study
of the Problem
1.4 Objectives of
1.5 Significance of the Study
Scope And Limitation of the
1.8 Definition of Terms
1.9 Organization of
LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
of Community Development
2.2 Concept of Local Government
Functions of Local
2.3 Local Government Reforms in Nigeria
3.1 Research Design
3.3 Sources of Data
3.4 Sampling Technique and Sample Size
3.5 Data Collection Instrument
3.5.2 Validity of Instrument
3.5.3 Reliability of Instrument
3.6 Data Collection Procedure
3.7 Method of Data Analysis
DATA PRESENTATION AND DATA ANALYSIS
4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis
4.3 Discussion of
SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
Background to the Study
Local Government in Nigeria started during the colonial era
when it was vested in traditional rulers and it operated in a very undemocratic
manner. Over the year, efforts have been made to democratize local government
and make it more responsible to developmental needs.
Agagu (1997:18), defines local government by the popularly
elected bodies charged with administrative and executive duties in matter
concerning the inhabitant of a particular district or place.
Lawal (2006:60), sees it as political and administrative
unit that is empowered by the law to administer a specific locality. Local
government can as well be seen as an authority established by the law which
derived its roles, responsibility and right from the National or Federal
Constitution which is charged with the satisfaction of the need of people in
the local, grassroot or rural areas.
The Local Government which is the third tier of government
is the most basic level of the hierarchy in the three tiers of the federal
arrangement operated in Nigeria can be seen as a catalyst for community,
political, economic and social development. Politically, local government
system is expected to bring development closer to the people through popular
participation in governance. Socially, the system is supposed to encourage the
mass mobilization of human and material resources in order to enhance self-help
and community development programmes. Economically, the system is expected to
ensure that the fruits of development programmes are evenly distributed with a
view to promoting a balanced development throughout the length and breadth of
Hirschman (1958) noted that economic growth and development
patterns are scarcely ever spread evenly over the whole areas of a given state
but are concentrated at certain points, thus producing a mosaic of regions at
different level of prosperity.
Nigeria has continued to experience political
decentralization process which has led to the continuing sub-division of the
national territory with a view to achieving social justice. The increased
statutory allocations to the local government areas is aimed at inducing
transformation in terms of the quality and quantity of basic infrastructural
facilities and services being provided
by the Local Government Areas (L.G.As) such as roads, water, electricity supply
and education, health care and communication services.
Adeyemi (2011), the Alafin of Oyo in his paper “Local
Government Administration and Community Development in Nigeria” delivered at
the Oyo State Government’s secretariat, Ibadan noted that;
“By their nature, local governments are closest to the
people at the community. Their essential services of supplying for table water,
maintenance of local health institutions like dispensaries and maternity centre,
cleanliness of the locality, supervised by health or sanitary inspectors,
provision of health gadgets like incinerators, public latrines,
supervision and control of markets, and abattoirs, maintenance of local roads,
and courts, the latter for dispensation
of Justice under customary laws including the meeting of array of many other
items of local needs which these institutions were set up to cater for, and so
as toensure the stability of the nation, and by the same contingency, to
provide the training of local state men, some of whom would graduate into the
state, Federal and National Services-all of which form ultimate in the
development in Nigeria political culture, democracy at the dizzy height of its
that as it may, the importance of Local Government is a function of its ability
to generate sense of belonging, Safety and Satisfaction among the community
populace. All forms of government regimes or political systems have so far
ensured the attainment of this goal. Such strategy for ensuring national administrative
development and political efficacy is found in the concept and practice of
Local Government. Whatever is the mode of government, local government has been
essentially regarded as the path to and guarantor of; integration, administration
and development of community.
Statement of the Problem
The need to catalyze balanced development, maximize
citizens’ participation, and arouse government response necessitates the
creation of the local government. The local government serves as a form of
political and administrative structure facilitating decentralization, national
integration, efficiency in governance, and a sense of belonging at the
grassroots. The local government is a unit of administration all over the world
Local government has been the root of development in terms
of dealings with the people which democracy is centred upon. Hence, local
government is visibly seen as co-agent of rural development and as partners in
progress with both states and federal governments in community developments.
To this end, this study sets out to investigate the roles of
local government as an instrument of community development with emphasis on Ilorin-East
Local Government Kwara State. Knowing the roles the government needs to play in
development of any society and the obvious inability of the national and state
governments in the task of rural areas, Local government has been created
essentially to compliment the efforts of the states and national government in
the task of rural development. Nevertheless, abject poverty and
underdevelopment remains a common feature in these rural communities.
Does local government
really bring about the desired development to the community?
Are the available resources
(human and material) really matched up with the needed developmental
programmers in the rural areas?
Does interference of other
levels of government really affect the developmental efforts of local
1.4 Objectives of
The objectives of the
research work are as follows:
To examine whether Local
Government in Nigeria has really justified its existence as mechanism for
community development in Nigeria.
To examine the extent to
which local government has been
able to mobilize and develop community.
To find out those factors
that may hinder local government in its role as agent of community development.
To appraise the successes
and or failures of Ilorin East Local Government in developing community and to
examine those factors that may be responsible for the failures.
Significance of the Study
One of the basic reasons of this study is the desire to contribute
to the ongoing clamoring of more viable and workable rural settings development
More so, the product of this study will be very useful in the area
for policy/decision makers, scholars and the society organization on how best
to organized and promote community development.
This study well also assist local government administrators to
know the problem faced by the local government which would assist greatly
checking their lapses of previous administrator and as a results, it will
assist greatly in the provision of essential that Nigeria can be said to be
interested in establishing strong local government that are capable of
achieving the triple objectives of promoting political participation,
delivering efficient service and mobilizing local resources. The reason is not
that far-fetched because the population of the country (Nigeria) is more of the
Last but not the least, has study will also serve as a
contribution to ensuring literature on local government and rural development
In conducting this research both primary and secondary data
will be made use of. Questionnaires are to be administered to the people in
selected wards within Ilorin East Local Government Area. This method is
employed in order to reduce the cost that is required for the transportation of
the researcher across the entire vast geographical areas of Ilorin East Local
Government Area. In addition, different books, magazine, newspapers, journals,
seminar papers and documents are also made use of.
Scope And Limitation of the Study
study is strictly limited to Ilorin East Local Area of Kwara State. Due to the
vast geographical areas of the council, the study is limited to the selected
five wards out of the entire twelve wards of the council. The researcher is
limited to these wards due to proximity to access data and availability. The
outcome of the findings from the selected wards will be generalized for the
entire Local Government Area. This is done mainly to reduce the cost of
travelling across the entire twelve wards of the council.
1.8 Definition of Terms
following terms used in the course of the research work are hereby
conceptualized; local government, grass-root and development.
Community development: The term community development as used in this study refers to
the act or process of developing and empowering the well-being of the vast
majority of the rural dwellers through the provision of basic social and
economic infrastructures. Hence, it is a development from below.
Rural Dwellers: This are the people living in the remote areas of a country and
lack basic infrastructure like good road network, pipe borne water,
electricity, good health facility etc. The term refers to the ordinary people
who are far from political decision making process at the centre. These groups
includes small scale farmers, tenants, etc who seek livelihood in the rural
Government: This is a tier or level of government at the local level
exercised through representative council established by law to exercise
specific power within defined areas.
Ward: This is a political sub-division of
the Local Government into constituencies such that each ward is represented in
the Local Government Legislative council by a councilor.
Development: This implies an advancement of rural communities toward a
desirable state accompanied by improvement in basic infrastructures and the
reduction in rural poverty, unemployment and inequality. It can also be seen as
a process that ensures the existing deplorable rural conditions are
disappearing, with the overall goal of making conditions more livable and worth
Organization of the Study
research work is divided into four chapters as follow:
Chapter one focuses on the background (introduction) of the
study, statement of the problem, objectives of the study, significance of the
study, research questions, research methodology, scope and limitations of the
study, organization of the research work and definitions of terms.
Chapter two is on the review of existing literature in the
areas of the research work, that is Local Government and Grassroot Development.
Also included in the chapter are; history of local government in Nigeria, Local
Government Reforms in Nigeria.
Chapter three will be for the research methodology while
chapter four deals with data presentation, data analysis and interpretation of
Chapter five which is the concluding chapter will be for
the summary, Recommendations and conclusion.
Adeyemi, L. (2011), Local Government Administration and
Grassroot development in Nigeria. A paper presented by His Royal Majesty, Oba
Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi III, the Alafin of Oyo, at the parliament Building,
state secretariat, Ibadan, Oyo State.
Agagu, A.A (1997). “Local Government” in Kolawole, D (ed)
Readings in Political Science. Ibadan, Dekaal.
Ajayi, K (2004), Theory and Practice of Local Government.
Dare, A. (2008), Local Government Administration and the
challenges of Rural Development in Nigeria. Downloaded from www.articlebase.com
Hirschman, A.O. (1958) The Strategy for Economic Development.
Haven con. Yale University.
Lawal, S (2000), Local Government Administration in Nigeria;
A Practical Approach, in Ajayi, K. (ed) Ado-Ekiti, UNAD.
National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN), B.H.M 664,
course guide on Rural Development.
www.oppaper.com, Local Government and Grassroot Development in Nigeria.