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Product Category: Projects

Product Code: 00000566

No of Pages: 47

No of Chapters: 5

File Format: Microsoft Word

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Content                                                                                                                Page


Title Page                                                                                                                  i 

Certification                                                                                                             ii

Dedication                                                                                                                iii

Acknowledgements                                                                                                  iv

Table of Contents                                                                                                      v 


CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION            1                                                                    11

1.1       Background to the Study                     1

1.2       Statement of the Problem                                                                               2

1.3  Objective of the Study                                                                                                       11

1.4          Research Questions                                                                                         3

1.5       Significance of the Study                                                                               4

1.6  Scope of the Study                                                                                                            11


2.0  Introduction                                                                                                                       11

2.1  Role of Music in Worship                                                                                                  11

2.2  Use of Music in Christian Worship                                                                                    11

2.3  Challenges of Songs Ministration            9                                                                        11

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY                                                                           11

3.0  Introduction                                                                                                                       11

3.1  Research Design                                                                                                                 11

3.2  Population                                                                                                                          11

3.3  Sample size and sampling Technique                                                                                 11

3.4  Method of Data Collection                                                                                                11

3.5  Sources of Data                                                                                                                  12

3.6  Instrument for Data Collection                                                                                          12

3.7  Method of Data Analysis                                                                                                   12

3.8  Tests for Reliability and Validity                                                                                       12

3.9  Ethical Consideration                                                                                                         12

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS                                 12

4.0  Introduction                                                                                                                       12

4.1  An Outlined History of Seventh Day Adventist Church in Nigeria                                 12

4.2  A brief History of the Seventh Day Adventist Church, Irefin, Itutaba                            12

4.3  The Choir: Historical Background and Leadership                                                           12

4.4  Membership and Internal Organisation                 

4.5  Rehearsals                         

4.6  Role and Functions                       

4.7  Categories of Music                      

4.8  Musical Instruments in Use                                                                                                12

4.9  Role of Song Texts                                                                                                            12

4.9.1  Songs for the Sabbath Worship                   

4.9.2  Songs for Thanksgiving                     

4.9.3  Songs for Wedding Ceremony                   

4.9.4  Songs for Naming Ceremony                    

4.9.5  Songs for Funeral Service                     

4.9.6  Songs for Concert                                                                                                           12



5.0       Introduction                                                                                                  35

5.1        Summary                                                                                                       35

5.2       Conclusion                                                                                                    36

5.3        Recommendations                                                                                        36

References                                                                                     38 

Appendices                                                                                    39




1.1        Background to the Study

Musical practices had been aesthetically woven into the fabrics of the everyday life experiences of the traditional Nigerians. The emergence of the European colonialism in the middle of the nineteenth century, which coincided with the advent of Christianity through the European missionaries were largely responsible for the various musical styles, forms, and idioms of expression. During this period, the Church Missionary Society (CMS) was established with their first mission in Badagry in 1845, and a year later in Abeokuta. Other missions included the Methodists at Badagry, 1842; the Baptists at Ijaiye, 1853; the Catholics at Lagos, 1867; and the Seventh-Day Adventist church (SDA) at Erunmu in 1932. The SDA mission later spread to other parts of the Yoruba speaking South-West Nigeria, among which is the Seventh Day Adventist church, Irefin, Ibadan.

According to Omojola (1994) “the use of music for the purpose of communion with God in the church represents a continuity of, rather than a break from traditional African norms”. In which case, in the traditional African religious worship, there were specialised musicians attached to a specific ritual practice. This practice is not different with the Christian church experience, hence the formation of choirs in the Nigerian churches being the custodians of the music repertoire used in the various orthodox churches. However, a major identifiable challenge faced by the Christian churches in Nigeria is that of achieving a uniform mode of worship and liturgical practices, especially in the area of music ministration in the various churches. The Seventh Day Adventist mission in Nigeria is not left out of this challenge. This situation becomes more complicated since there is no dedicated ministry in charge of music administration within the internal organisation of the church mission in Nigeria. It is therefore difficult to moderate music ministration across the various SDA churches in Nigeria and especially among the Yoruba speaking South West, the area of study.  


1.2        Statement of the Problem

Music has become a vital part of the liturgy of the Seventh Day Adventist church in Nigeria and across the globe where the church has its various missions. Albeit this significant role of music in the liturgy of the church, however, its performance practice has been generally variegated across the various churches, especially in Nigeria, an undisputed heterogeneous society. One therefore bound to witness highly diversified musical performances, both in the songs ministration and the instrumentation. While some SDA churches among Yoruba speaking South West part of Nigeria highly favoured purely western musical instruments such as the piano, organ, and digital keyboard, some would in addition to the keyboard instruments employ the use of string instruments, such as the violins and wind instruments such as the trumpet, trombone and the saxophones. 

However, some SDA churches located within the non-English speaking rural areas would rather engage the use of indigenous musical instruments available within their locality to accompany songs from the SDA Hymnal (translated edition) and the native airs. The SDA church Irefin, being a district headquarters, is noted for combining both the western and indigenous forms and styles in its music ministration, manifested in its songs and instrumentation. In the light of the foregoing, it becomes imperative to examine use of music in this church under study and to document such musical practices in print for posterity.


1.3        Objectives of the Study

The main objective of the study is to examine the music ministration of SDA church,

Irefin, Itutaba, Ibadan.  Specific objectives are to:

i.        Examine the use of music in Irefin  SDA church.

ii.      Provide information on songs and musical instruments employed in the church. iii. Categorise the music into types and themes.

iv.    Transcribe and translate some selected songs used in the church service for textual and musical analysis.

v.      Determine if there are challenges emanating from the music ministration of the church.

vi.    Examine factors responsible for these challenges.

vii.  Evaluate the impact of these challenges on the music ministration of the church.


1.4 Research Questions


i.        How is music used in the church services?

ii.      What type of songs and musical instruments are employed in the services of the church?

iii.    What are the various themes into which the music can be categorised? iv. Are there identifiable distinguishing trends in the songs selections of the church?

v. What are the challenges emanating from the use of music in the church services? vi. What are the factors responsible for creating the challenges?

vii. What is the impact of these challenges on the quality of music ministration of the church?



1.5        Significance of the Study

Although a sizeable number of study had been carried out on the use of music in churches and their worship styles, and the origin and growth of SDA church in Nigeria, no scholarly work yet exists that focuses majorly on the use of music in the liturgy of SDA church, Irefin, Itutaba, Ibadan.  This study is significant because attempts are made to locate the music ministration of SDA church, Irefin within its socio-cultural milieu. Secondly, the study examines the type of songs and musical instruments employed in its worship, and categorises them into identifiable themes. Finally, the study identifies the challenges emanating from the music ministration, factors responsible for creating them, and the impact on the overall musical performances. 


1.6       The Scope of the Study

The scope of this study is limited to the music ministration of SDA church, Irefin, Itutaba, Ibadan. The type of songs and musical instruments employed and their thematic categorisations were identified. The challenges of music ministration, factors responsible for them and their impact were also examined.

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