This research project will be based on the impact of
materials handling equipment on store activities a case study of Doyin
investment limited Ilorin. Handling equipment is device for effecting inventory
movement within and outside the store. The research work will consist of five
chapters. Chapter one will discuss the introduction historical background of
the study, statement of the general problem the objective of the study, the
significance of the study, research, scope of the study, limitation of the
study, hypothesis formulation, definition of the terms. Chapter two contain the
literature review, chapter three will focus in research methodology, research
design, source of data, research instrument used, research instrument used,
research population and sample size sampling procedure employed and method of
data analysis. Chapter four will be data presentation, analysis and test of
hypothesis. While chapter five will detail out the summary of finding,
conclusions, recommendations, references and appendix.
Table of content vi
1.1 Historical Background of the Study 2
Statement Of The General Problem 7
The objective of the study 8
Significance of the study 9
The scope of the study 9
Limitation of the study 9
Definition Of Terms 11
Literature Review 13
Various types of materials suitable for
stockyard storage 22
Materials handling system 23
Types of equipment 30
3.0 Methodology 36
3.1 Research Approaches 36
3.2 Sources of Data 36
3.3 Research Instruments used 37
3.5 Research population and sample size 38
3.6 Sampling procedure employed 38
3.7 Method of data Analysis 39
Data Presentation and Analysis 40
Test of Hypothesis 57
Summary of Findings 59
organizations whether in manufacturing service or extractive field of operating
make use of materials handling equipment in their daily operations.
of materials, which is the main activity in store house and stockyards are
costly operations and therefore, the methods and equipment employed in
handling should be efficient
in many other aspects of store function, the approaches depend on the nature of
the business, the kind of stock carried and the size of the accommodation.
a large stores house responsible for a wide range of a goods with weekly output
measured in hundred of tons it will b e necessary to provide some manual
handling equipment and mechanical handling for moving the heavy materials. In
this case, it’s not unusual to find overhead cranes, fork lift trucks and
conveyor all in operations. With mobile and crane and dumpers in the stockyards.
impacts of materials handling equipments on the store function of an
organization cannot be over emphasize for effective service, organization
should be able to transport materials, equipments, spares from one point to
another as effectively as possible.
a result material handling equipments, only few workers are needed for its operation
and this tends to save the company huge amount of money, time and reduction in
work of the labour. The position of materials handling remains a subject of
concern to most business organization.
on this vital issue that research work will focus by examining the role o
purchasing and store departments. In regard to material handling operation manufacturing
organization. Although, these functions spend a significant Portion of
BACKGROUND DOYIN INVESTMENT COMPANY
investment Nigeria Limited was sited along Asa Dam Road Kwara State. The company
specialized in product of Flash. Hi-Cleans, Vogues, Dento Clean and Wash rite.
company was incorporated in October 1984 by the Federal Government of Nigeria
under the Commerce and Industry Act 1985 all the installation started
Head Office is at Lagos State. Doyin is from Kwara State. He decided to site
the industries in the state capital for the purpose of reducing the problem of
unemployment within and outside the state.
materials used in production are imported materials but now some materials are
being produced locally. Some of the materials were specially made for Doyin
investment Nigeria Limited from oversea e.g. Blank Corp. Sodium Syndicate etc.
organizational chart showing department and staff position. The General Manager
is the Head of the industry.
sole responsibilities of the whole operations rest on him. He is the only person
that gives order on any important issues. When there is a need to Purchase capital
equipment or purchase large quality of raw materials involving millions naira.
the General Manager are the Technical Manager, Production Manager and Quality
technical manager wherever there is any needs to purchase costly equipment. The
Product Manager has under him the raw materials store, central stores and
warehouses where they keeps the finished products.
raw materials that always kept in the store for production include:
Cartons for packing the detergent.
case in which the soap and the detergent itself are being packed.
products (Wash Right Bags) are used to pack the detergent that was no in
cartons. It is weighted in kilograms (500kg).
components at the raw materials store:
STPP (Sodio Tripolifapato)
the raw materials are kept for production process in the raw materials store
until they come to request for them from the production shop floor. The STPP
(Sodium Triphotasopato) is in separate tank with the provision of taps so that
as they are being dissolved by water, some are passes to the next machine where
the operation starts.
sodium syndicate is used to neutralize the acid of the detergent during the
production. Glue, Blank Corp and Caustic Soda are also parts of the raw
materials used for production for the detergent and during this period it is in
white colour. The blue due will be supplied so that it will change the white
colour to blue colour, It depends on the colour of the detergent they want to
produce, perfume is then supplied at the final stage, so that the detergent
will give passive smell, this will normally be on the cloth. The quality
control manager in collaboration with design and engineering department work on
how much chemical should be used, the design packing and packages, what types of
colour will attract the customer, the dimension for the cartons hardness so it
does not just get spoiled anyhow. The amount of raw materials to be used in
forecast by the quality control department. At it’s always happening in cost
-organization the store department will supply all document connected with the purchase
of raw material arid stationeries to the account department so that tie
necessary funds is given to them to buy from outside organization. The entire
document are not given to the account department only to issue money for
purchasing the materials alone, but the account department use it for the organization
every department there is a supervisor monitoring the affairs of the clerks and
other cleaners, so that the information will be flowing upward from the cleaner
to supervisor and to different heads of department.
of the decision taken in the organization is such the decision flow down
OF THE GENERAL PROBLEMS
organizations in this country do not know the impact of the materials handling
equipments on store function in most cases many organization encounter problem
in the application of and operation of handling equipment.
handling equipments cost a lot of money, the less handling equipments involved
in the stores operations, the better it is in terms of cost reduction and
consequently better profit.
facts, the use of materials handling equipments saves the money and time and
make work to be effectively and efficiently done.
The financial commitment in procuring
materials handling equipment as well as its introduction is a problems for most
firms instances, operational problems is another obstacle that is normally
encountered in the application of materials handling equipment an organization
since there is the need for trained manpower to handle the machines, driven machine
in the organization
to materials handling equipment in the store house requires a careful study of
the existing store house. It was observe that most store houses need to be
modified before particular handling equipment can be introduced
1 3 THE
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
primary objective for the research work is satisfy one of the pre-requisite for
the award of Higher National Diploma (HND) Certificate in Purchasing and Supply
awarded by Department of Purchasing and Supply, Institute Finance and
Management Studies. Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin.
determine the extent to which effective materials handling equipment can lead
to the attainment of organization objectives.
OF THE STUDY
is hoped that Doyin Investment company Limited Ilorin Kwara State being that
entity on which the study is centered upon will certainly find this projects
more beneficial in the sense that, it would expose the company’s lapses and possible
ways of rectifying the lapses.
study is significant because it will serve as a reference source for future
researcher writing on similar topic.
research study will broaden the knowledge out for the researcher in the subject
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
study will cover only the impact of materials handling equipment on the store
function of an organization.
research work will be limited in scope to Doyin investment company Ilorin.
OF THE STUDY
successful conduct of this research work has not by any means been an easy
task. The researcher faced a lot, of problems which almost threaten the success
of the study.
in view limited time for the submission of this research work, the researcher was
forced to restore the scope of the study to doyin investment company limited
Also, lack of enough and adequate
financial resources made it quite impossible for the researcher to visit all
the similar companies spread across the country.
Another problem faced by the researcher was the
lack of access to required facts and figures relating to the subject matter the
company’s official in charge of such facts and figures this did not allow the
researcher access to them.
is a tentative answer to research questions. It is often stated in form of
relationship between a dependent and independent variables.
following hypothesis will be employed in this research work.
H0: Null hypothesis, materials handling
equipment has no impact on store
function of an organization.
H1: Alternative hypothesis, materials
handling equipment has positive
impacts on the store function of an organization.
RESEARCH: The act of investigation to obtain fact about something from varieties
RESEARCHER: The individual who undertake to carry-out investigation to discover
facts about something from many sources. 4
STOCK: This is an item that are held in the store house,
STORE HOUSE: This is a place where goods are kept for immediate and future
OVERHEAD CRANES: It is used to load and unload heavy object from loading
vehicle and railway wagon.
MATERIALS HANDLING: These are the equipments employed in moving material
(moving) from one place to another.
MANUAL HANDUNG: This is a natural ways of handling items which are not too heavy.
This is the use of hands without any equipment.
RACK: This is the name given to any kind of storage fixtures that cannot be
grouped as schedule or bin.