CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
of the study
of the study
of the study
associated with exams malpractice
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
of sample size
of data collection
encounter during data collection
distribution of respondents
distribution of respondents
by sex and academic level
of data analysis
chi-square (x2) test
on the use of x2 test
distribution for spiegel (1992)
of expected frequency
the significance of the continuance co-efficient
opinion on the causes of examination malpractice in institute of management
of the method of teaching in the school to students’ lact of interest
on the common form of examination malpractice in the institute of management
of student opinion on school that is most often involved in exam malpractice.
and analysis of statistical data
multiple bar chart
of findings recommendation and conclusion
That we are living in a changing
world is a popular statement which needs little explanation especially when the
knowledge of today can be the fully of tomorrow or when a human being of today
can oil to exist on the day that follows when such natural phenomena occur, one
does not bother as to ask why these happen out when they are accompanied by
abnormal happenings on become worried and asks why which he seldom finds and
such is examination malpractice.
Examination malpractices in our
tertiary institution have become a social molady which have adversely affected
the have and have notes, the hardworking and society in general such corrupt
practices have succeeded in tarnishing the past government and management of
such institution employed different strategies to move up the shameful
situation from our tertiary institution, but unfortunately all their efforts
were uneventful or uncertainly.
Some of the examination rules which
one should not violate are.
conversation while examination is in progress
into the hall with you identity card
answer script after proper endured before going out of the hall
oneself from copying or writing for another obedience to the invigilator.
coming to the hall with expected answer written as pieces of paper.
regards to these rules, one who violate them is likely to face the consequences
for it by the committee. The punishment
depends on the magnitude of the offence. Some of the offence after being looked
into by the committee one is asked to withdraw from the institution or stay
back. These culprit would not be caught
without the proper vigilance of the invigilator or supervisor. Therefore, having seen from above I can now
say malpractice is legal action taken by a person in a position of trust. This means when applied to examination
situation that any contrary action performed by someone against certain
examination regulation can be termed examination malpractice.
has shown the examination malpractice became a very common they in early
eighteen and as a result, the instant had to set up a coming that will have to
be looking into these malpractice cases.
This committee was inaugurated in 1982/83 and was called “Examination
committee spells out the appropriate punishment for any culprits involve.
to the institution (IMT) academe and examination regulations prepared in June
1992, some of the regulation which candidates are required to comply with are.
students shall arrive at the designated examination hall thirty minutes before
the scheduled time.
student shall enter the hall unless they are asked to do so by the co-ordinator
student must enter examination hall with current original school fees receipt
current identity card, pencil etc
if required but not a programmable type
and any other material table etc that may be permitted by the chief
a candidate report to the examination without his/her I.D card, he/she should
report to the chief – co-ordinators with a recent passport photograph endorsed
by the it on
it is discovered that the person who wrote the examination is not the owner of
the identity card, it became a case of impersonation.
candidate shall have other material in his/her possession, even a private
letter, while he/she is inside the examination hall.
caps, head ties and sun-glasses shall be allowed and student writing the same
paper shall not sit side by side.
candidate is allowed to enter the examination hall sixty 960) minutes after the
examination hall is prohibited.
are not allowed to tear any paper from either the question paper or answer
script for any purpose including rough work.
All rough works must be done at the back of his/her answer scripts and
then be cancelled. No rough work is
permitted on the question paper on the desk at his or palm or anything else
other than the answer scrip.
student wishing to draw the attention
of invigilators to any particular
issue shall do only by raising his/her hand.
alteration or cancellation is allowed on the registration number and blank
spaces must be ruled across by students.
students in the examination hall entitled to sign the attendance shall I.D
cards to the invigilator who will then sign your answer script indication that
you are presence in the examination day.
shall ensure that they enter the question attempted in the appropriate columns
on the front cover of the script.
must rule across all blank spaces of the examination answer booklets used
during the examination i.e. either by cheating, copying, using material etc
other than the one specified.
aims and objectives of this study are
find out whether examination malpractice depend on sex, school, academic level.
determine whether examination malpractice committee has helped to reduce
examination malpractice in IMT.
know the commonest examination practice in IMT
determine the school/faculty that indulges most in examination malpractice in
IMT and suggest why.
suggest its effect on the standard of education for example on IMT and to
suggest ways of minimizing them.
find out whether lecturers has contributed to the examination.
Hypothesis: There is no significant
different between exam misconduct and exam conduct.
H1: There is significant different between exam
misconduct and exam conduct.
2. H0: There is no significant different between
examination and malpractice.
H1: There is significant between examination and.
OF THE STUDY
There are about thirty six (36) states
including the Federal Capital Territory Abuja, however, the study was limited
to Enugu State.
had been the capital of eastern region, and the economic operation that take
place in other states of the federation is also carried out within the same
socio – economic environment as a result, it was considered a fairly
In other words as a result of the
topic it serves that to some circumstances, 1 limited it to a particular school
called IMT and limited to both female and male regular undergraduate.
OF THE STUDY
Examination malpractice can be seen
as a short cut to academic glory and it can be seen as a good benefit to those
whoever be involve in it.
OF THE STUDY
The subject, exam malpractice will
be very vast in study if it is to be discussed alone. As regards this work is
limited on the statistics analysis of the causes and effects of exams
malpractice in the tertiary institution.
In this work, it is expended to answer
certain question as regard the topic at state.
Some of the questions ought to be answered are:
is examination malpractice?
leads to exam malpractice?
are the consequences of exam malpractice?
can the issue of stake be eliminated from our tertiary instillation
1.8 TERMINOLOGY ASSOCIATED WITH EXAM
MALPRACTICE IN IMT
A process of putting question forward
in order to test knowledge or get information.
Impersonation is when somebody
pretends to be or act the part of somebody else.
In this case of study, this simply
means when a student that is convinced to be more intelligent enters into the
examination hall to assist somebody that seems to be less privilege and
regulation, governing examination.
Manner and ways exam are being
scheduled and carried out effectively.
It is usually carried out at a given period according to the school
These are set of people or group of
people that are selected from various department which statistics is inclusive
to into cases of people who view the case or different people. This is as a result of new development from
the accused that is not convincing enough to the management.
This is going against the rules
governing an examination ie either by
cheating, copying, using material other
than the one specified.
Is another, which the candidate that
is connects to exam malpractice adopts in drawing attention of his/her
colleague to answer his/her demand base on the question on the exam paper which
he know nothing or little about.
It happens that when this whistling
occurs, the partner of the bearer is always alerted to supply any required
material to satisfy the others need through any possible channel that is open
BODY LANGUAGE OR SIGN LANGUAGE
This is a special act of examination
malpractice which candidates commonly adopt during examination test. This system of coding and decoding
information through sign language and is widely spread out among students of
exam malpractice in the examination hall believe that it is difficult
understand what is happening in the examination premises.
Some of those signs could be raising
up a finger tip of various types to indicate problems or translate reply
Photocopying another candidates
Elogation of one’s neck in order to
copy another work.
A displayed answer to a question on a
rough note or piece of paper, which have the contents of answering or relates
ideas on any unknown examination question.
It implies to a structure who appears
to represent another with take identities with the claims of being the one
partaking in examination on its own interest.
The most popular and most common
cheating strategy is the possession of another person’s unauthorized material
by somebody that relieve it or some body else is known as microchip
otherwise known as “fast guy no be thief”.
It is the act of using reminder.
DIRECT ENTRY OR COUNTERFEIT FORMULA
It involves multiple registration, a
situation where the student make dual registration, using a bongus number for
This is another method adopted by
students cheat by the entire class members and in this case a question of born
again no deep.
The use of physical might in which
student snatch question paper from invigilator.
SHORT – PUT
The throwing of written answers to
choice candidate in the hall.