The research project was conducted to
assess the effects of Information and communication Technology (ICT) on
academic performance of students in Lagos State University.
The study among others, examine students
competency skill in handling (ICT) facilities in schools for academic
instrument used in carrying out this study is an itemized questionnaire which
is used to elicit information from Students and their view on Impact of (ICT)
on academic performance of students. Three hypothesis was constructed and ten
itemized questions was drawn against each hypothesis which make it 30 itemized
questions in all.
The effect of (ICT) on academic
performance of students in LASU. The target population is made up of all the
students in Lagos State University but due to inconveniences of large
population of study. The population of the study comprised of two hundred and forty (240) students. The data collected from this
study was analyzed and interpret by using chi-square computation analysis.
1. Test of students gender Attitude Towards
2. Questionnaire on students ICTs Acquired
3. Questionnaire on ICTs Resources
Available of students (QICTRAS)
Base on the researcher findings, when
the questionnaires were administered. The study revealed that there is strong
relationship between (ICT) facilities and academic performance of students in
And the recommendation by the
researcher, if implemented would help to improve the standard of education in
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page i
Table of content vii
1.1 Background to the study
1.2 Purpose of the Study 4
1.3 Statement of the
1.4 Significance of the
1.5 Research Hypotheses 7
1.6 Scope of the Study 7
1.7 Operational definition
of terms 8
2.2 Review of related
2.3 Meaning of Information
Technology. (ICT) 16
2.4 Role of Information and
Communication Technology 18
2.5 Teleconference 21
2.6 Nigerian Information
and Communication Technology
(ICT) Policies 24
2.7 Current ICT Initiatives
and Projects 26
2.8 Telecommunication in
2.9 Impact of ICT and
Academic Performance of students
in schools 28
2.10 ICT Training
Programmes among students and how
it enhance academic performance in schools. 34
2.11 ICT resources support
available in schools information and Communication Technology ICT in primary
2.12 Information and
Communication Technology ICT in
Secondary School level Education 36
2.13 Information and
Communication Technology ICT In Tertiary level
2.14 Information and
Communication Technology ICT in Lagos
State University 41
2.15 The Challenges and
Benefits of ICT in Tertiary Education
in Nigeria 43
2.16 Information and
Communication Technology (ICT) benefits
for Nigeria Tertiary
3.1 Research Design 49
3.2 Population of the Study
3.3 Sample and Sampling procedure
3.4 Variables in the
3.5 Research instruments 51
3.6 Validity of the
3.7 Reliability of the
3.8 Procedure for the
3.9 Data Analysis 54
RESULT OF FINDINGS
4.1 Discussion of Result 55
5.0 Summary, Discussion,
Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1 Summary of findings
and discussions 62
5.2 Conclusion 67
5.3 Recommendation 69
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
effects of information and communication ICT on academic performance of
students in higher education programmes has been topic of a good deal of
debate. This is because information and communication Technology ICT has become
key tools and had a revolutionary impact of how we see the world and how we
live in it.
phenomenon has given origin to the contemporary and advances in our ways of
life. There is drastic improvement on how students and lecturers explore
benefits from information and Communication Technologies ICTs opportunities
academic research, teaching and learning.
and communication technology ICT is the technology that ahs made positive
impact in information generation, storage, retrieval and transmission or
communication. Adeyinka, (1999). According to Adeya (2005), information and
Communication Technologies ICTs cover internet services provision,
telecommunications equipment and services, information technology equipment and
services, media and broadcasting, libraries and documentation centres,
commercial information providers, network based information services and other
related information and communication activities.
education is approaching the point at which information and communication
Technology (ICT), plays a part in nearly all phases of the educational process.
Every institutions higher learning uses
computers in their educational programmed and Lagos State University is not
exempted. Today such issues like Global Mobile System of Communication (GSM),
digitalization of information such as texts, numbers and sound are commonly
used. They have inevitably become part of the information society and have
encouraged easy access to data, records and information and above all made
transmission of information among individuals million of miles always possible
and less cumbersome.
the real challenge of information and communication is not the development of
technology, but how to apply and use it for academic. Chukuwunonso (2004) is of
the opinion that technology is developing faster than our ability to adopt it.
The greatest difficulty is getting people to change.
(1999) posits that Information Technology IT policies have been inconsistently
developed or are lacking in many instances in higher institutions.
According to him, where they exist,
institutions have implemented policies regarding the sue of computers in
educational programs unevenly.
(2004) carried out surveys on awareness and adoption of information and communication
Technology (ICT) by educators in Nigeria”. It reveals that capacity development
of the educators and ICT facilities that can integrate IT culture into
educational system of undergraduates have been taken for granted.
(2002) notes that the present state (Teacher chalk—Board Method) is highly
pathetic bearing in mind the obvious capacity of the computer and ICT such as
that it ensues creative and independent learning, immediate feedback and the
provision of unparallel interaction. The various technologies such as the slide
projector, computers laptops, internets, world wide web and so on have been
promoted over last 100 years to revolutionize education. But the problems is
that, are these ICT facilities reality available in Nigerian schools. It can
also be examine that to what extent is the students knowledge of technical know how (skill) support use of
information and communication technology for academic solutions in schools.
evidence is clear that there are many problems with the current academic
system. The fact of matter is that Nigeria tertiary intuitions instructional
methods have not changed over the last 50 years. Chukwunonso (2004) in the long
run, the effectiveness of these ICT and new digital tools will be dependent on
the way in which ICT policies are evaluated and implemented.
1.2 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
a complex society like Nigeria, we recognize that several factors affects the
academic performance of students in their various academic purist of higher
institutions. For that reason, the purpose of this study is not is not to look
in to such factors but to discuss information communication technology in
relation to students education performance and relate it to sustainable
development of education in Lagos State university.
(2001) suggests a follow –up of new innovations of informational and
communication technology ICT trends, points to the fact that the educational
system cannot shy away from the application of computers for instruction
purposes in its entire ramification but these facilities are not readily
research study intends to:
Examine the availability of information
and communication technologies ICTs facilities for students usage in schools.
Examines the pedagogical usage of ICTs
Examine the concept of information and
communication technologies ICT and its relevance to education.
Examine student’s competency skills in
handling ICT facilities in schools fro academic excellence.
To examine the impact of government on
policy and provision of ICTs resources and facilities in schools
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
research will examined students’ usage of computer and internet facilities for pedagogy
of study at the tertiary levels, specifically, the work will take cognizance of
the effects of information and communication technology ICT resources support
availability, competence skills level of students and lecturers for information
and communications technology
exploration, students of Lagos State University attitudes about ICTs and
the importance of use of computer for research purposes in schools.
is also a great concern of this research project to address the above problems
from the following viewpoints.
problem to this research project is that, effects of information and
communication technology (ICT) on academic performance of students in Lagos
State University have not been examine. Also, it is also of great concern of this
research to ascertain benefits students of Lagos State University get from ICTs
facilities for academic excellence.
OF THE STUDY
result of this research study will enable individual students, lecturers and
government to discover the impact of information and Communication Technology
in sourcing for information improving academic performance and shaping
is also believed that the findings f this study will be of interest to the
policy maker, curriculum developers, corporate bodies, students lecturers and
the general masses who are continuous searching for how to explore ICTs
services facilities for society development. This finding can also be of
benefits to anyone as source of innovative ideas.
the purpose of this research, the following null hypothesis will be postulated
is no significant difference between students gender attitude towards ICTs and
academic performance of students in higher institution.
is no significant difference between students
(ICTs) skills and academic performance of student in higher institution
is no significant difference between
effects of ICTs resources available and academic performance of students
in higher institutions.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
research study focuses mainly on the effects of information and communication
Technology and the academic performance of students. The study will be limited
to Lagos State University.
Also, the issue of time, finance and
logistic will affects effective investigation, as the project has to be
submitted within a particular time frame.
1.7 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
Academic: It implies things connected with education, especially
studying in schools and universities. It involves a lot of reading and
studying, rather than practical or technical skills.
Performance: How ell or badly you do something. For example: High
performance. The new management of the school aim to improve students academic
change that something or somebody causes
and communication technology means the study or use of electronic equipment
such as computers internet,Facebook, cell-phone e.t.c for storing, acquiring
and analyzing information
Computer: An electronic machine that can store, organize and find
information, do calculation and control other machine.
The internet: An international computer network connecting ether network
and computers from companies, universities, countries, government, broadcasting
computer programme that controls or supplies information to several computers
connected in a network.
world wide web: a system for finding information on the
in which document are connected to other documents using hypertext links
Cell Phone: It is a digital computerized wireless phone used to
communicate between two individuals. It can store, retrieve and send
G.S.M: Global Mobile
System of Communication.
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