This research is centered on organization with principal
attention to planning for the attainment of organization
goals the management of an organization is carried out through the aim of
several people that comprises the procedure of achieving the mission through
transmission of organization requirement in which individuals working together.
Management is a process by which the
organization set objectives are achieved through coordinated purchasing staff
efforts. Purchasing personnel management is that part of the process of
management that is concerned with the maintenance of resources and ensuring the
physical nature of materials and equipment being employed to contribute to organization
The research consist of five chapters which shows how purchasing
planning serves as a tools for effective achieving the organization objectives.
chapter one will consist of the introduction statement of problem, significant
of the study, objective of the study, scope and limitation
of the study, historical background of the company and definition of the term.
Second chapter shows the literature review
and how each-author deals with the mentioned topic.
The third chapter also mentions about the
research methodology instrument or tool used, research size, technical used in
analysis data, testing of hypothesis.
The fourth chapter
deals with data presentation and analysis of data, discussion of result.
five will be summary and finding, finding, recommendation, conclusions and references,
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Statement of problem
1.2 Significant of the study
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Scope of the study
1.5 Limitation of the study
1.6 Historical background of nigeria breweries
plc ikeja lagos
1.7 Definition of terms
2.0 Literature review
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 Instrument or tools used
3.2 Research size
3.3 Technical used in analysis data
3.4 Testing of Hypothesis
4.0 Presentation of data
4.1 Analysis of data
4.2 Discussion of results
Purchasing planning as a managerial function as really come a long way
In the past when materials component, parts,
energy etc. were abundant and available at ridiculously low prices, purchasing was not given proper chance to
operate. That is, purchasing was looked upon
as unimportant function. However, now that materials are in short supply there is generally an existence of
what is called "GALLOPING INFLATION".
results to high prices of materials or unfriendly supply market, it will be very unreasonable for any business firms and
induced government to ignore purchasing planning
on the above reasons, purchasing tends to play an important role in any business organization whether profit or non profit oriented. In a
nutshell the project is about the needs for
any organization to focus it attention on the importance of purchasing
To a layman, purchasing
means the process of buying raw material component, part and services. But in a broader sense, purchasing can be defined as
the procurement of the right quantity,
the right quality, of goods at price from the right sources and
delivered in good condition to right location as and when required.
1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM.
the company's contribution to the promotion of industrialization in Nigeria generally some problems still face the establishment. Some of
these problems are not known to the public
and as a result of this, people try to understand that it is only the
problem of finance they are facing.
The problems discovered in this study
are as analyzed below.
1. The product supplied to
the consumer are far below the requirement of the customers. The customers
complained bitterly of not getting enough products when demanded.
Ltd did not have enough storage facilities to store the product produced.
This was why they were not able to meet the
demand of their numerous customers.
establishment complained bitterly of being starved of money by the & government
and also government intervention since
it is money that can enable
discharge their duties well to their customers.
OF THE STUDY.
objective behind the research is for the researcher to be able to fulfill the pre-requisites for the ward of professional in
purchasing and supply, since the project forms as aspect of the course,the secondary objective in writing this research is
that, the researcher has been waiting
to directing attention is key performance is improving.
clearly stated and will understand. Purchasing planning objectives are pre-requisites to purchasing measurement and
purchasing planning objectives which are typical to many industries or organization include:
total material costs
of adequate quality
supply of needed materials component and services.
THE OBJECTIVE OF PURCHASING PLANNING
are the objectives and responsibilities of the purchasing department unit?
classical definition of purchasing planning objective is to buy materials and
services of the right quality to the right quantity at the r right price from
the sources at the right time and delivered to the right place.
The following are some of
the objective of purchasing:
other function on the suitability and availability of supplies to meet material
b advising of
formulation of all policies affecting or
affected by the purchasing function .
c Developing good
relationship with other department thus creating greater efficiently and
material trust, confidence and understanding .
d carrying out all
activities involved in purchasing function in an efficient and business manner
e. Providing the organization with steady flow of
materials to meet its needs and management
at the material times.
f. Developing and maintain good relationship with both
existing and potential suppliers to
order create a reliable and confident services to the organization. This assists greatly in building up suppliers’
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study covers the activities of purchasing officers in a large
retail organization as a case study of Nigeria
breweries Plc Lagos, since the company is the overall controller of other
distributors and departmental stores in the state. The facts collected in this project only covers the
activities performed in the chosen organization.
1.5 LIMITATIONS OF THE STDY
There can not be any
successful research of this nature without encountering some difficulties which might cause its success or failure. The
following are some of the dangers encountered:
Difficulties are some of the dangers
some valid information relating to the object matter.
Collection of relevant data is noted to
problem faced is lukewarm attitudes of some officers who supposed to attend and give reasonable response. The occurred with the view that
a research can serve as a deterrent to items
forgetting that it may be immense improvement in their performances.
1.6 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF
NIGERIA BREWERIES PLC IKEJA LAGOS.
breweries Plc Ikeja was incorporated on 16th November 1946, under
the companies ordinance, Cap. 36, as Nigeria
Brewery Limited on 7th January 1957, the name of the company was changed to Nigeria Breweries Limited in
1990, when the companies and Allied matter.
Act of that year came into force, the name of company further changed to Nigeria Breweries Plc.
Nigeria breweries Plc is and interest in the quality
of Nigeria breweries Plc was
imakes of Gulder, Maltina, Legend, Star, Extra Stout, Amsted
company consolidated its principal activities of brewing during the year under review, Nigeria Breweries Plc brand
remained very strong and well sought-after, with their strong equities ensuring our continuing broad
leadership in the larger , and
malt categories and stout segment differentiation during the year under review
Nigeria Breweries Plc Lagos board consists of seven executives Directors
and seven executive Directors (including the chairman).The board also has a
formal scheduled of meeting annually meet full time in the course of the
The issued and fully paid-up share capital of the company was 3,7,8,1,
203, 924 ordinary share of 50 kobo each.
According to Nigeria Breweries the Lagos
register of member, only Companies within the Heineken group
having 2,045,630,426 share (representing 54.10%)
Gold more than 10% of the issued share capital as at that date. The remaining I, 735,573,498. Shares were held by Nigeria citizen
and association and the represent 45.90%.
None of the Director has notified the company for the purpose of section 277 of the companies and allied matters Act Cap. 59,
how of the federation of Nigeria
1990, of any discloseable interest in central with which the company is
involved, either at 31st
December or as 9th April,
Breweries has valid and subsisting agreement with the following organizations.
a. Heineken Technical Services B.V.
b. Premium Beverages International B.V.
c. Amstel Beverages B.V.
agreement was covered by the National Official for
technology Acquisition and promotion.
company has 150 key distributors and wholesalers it products. Nigeria Breweries
Plc Lagos. Also provides employment opportunities to
disable person. This goes beyond the need to ensure that there is no discrimination
against disable person but also conies from a belief that they have a
contribution to make in nation building at present, we have thirteen (13)
disabled person in employees.
DEFINITION OF TERMS.
RESEARCH: The act of investigating to get facts about
something from variety of
2. RESEARCHE : The individual also undertake
to carryout investigation to discover
facts about something from many sources.
3 EXPEDITING:- The process of evaluating that goods ordered
by the buyer and delivered
at the required time to the correct place as promised by the suppliers.
- Evaluation in purchasing is required to
ensure that progress is being
made toward objectives, according to plan of evaluation is part the control
REQUISITION : This
document contain all the necessary information about the item or goods needed by the user department
before being sent to the purchasing
- This is the process of ascertain whether or
not the goods delivered are of specified quality, quantity
- Tin's is an invitation to
suppliers requesting him to submit price of goods and services.
STORES :- Bonded stores
could be described or is used to describe goods held in a special store house on a separate exclusive within store
house awaiting clearance by the inspection personnel
CONTROL: - Tin's
is the means by which materials of the correct quantity and quality is made available as and when
required with due regard to economy in storage cost and ordering costs purchase price and working capital.
10. OBSOLESCENT: - An items said to be obsolescent when it is
getting out of use but is
not yet completely unusable.
11. OBSOLETE: - An item is regarded as absolute when it is no
longer in use i.e completely
out of use.
12. REDUNDANT; - When the quantity of an item in store is
more than reasonably necessary
to provide an adequate service to the production or operational activity, the excess over the normal holding is said to