study was undertaken among other reasons of leadership style on the employee's
performance in organization using the Ojo Local Government Area, Lagos as a
study employed survey research method. Data were gathered through secondary source
with the aid of a well structured questionnaire. A sample of sixty (60) was drawn from the
population and questionnaires were administered to them, out of the sixty
questionnaires forty-two were returned.
the purpose of drawing reasonable conclusion from this research, three
hypotheses were formulated and tested. The hypotheses were tested with the use
of chi-Square analysis.
results of the analysis resulted to rejecting the three null hypotheses and
accepting the three alternates, thereby concluding that; there is significant
relationship between good leadership style and employees performance; good
leadership style can be used to promote effective communication within the
organization and that leadership style or pattern effects on tne performance of
workers in an organization.
were proffered to the staff and management of the local government and other
organisations in general.
of the Study
of the Problem
of the Study
and Limitation of the Study
of the Study
of the Study Population
Sample and Sampling Techniques
Data Collection Instrument
Administration of Data Collection
Sample Design and Procedure
Method of Data Collection
Method of Data Analysis
Presentation of Data Analysis and
Socio-Economic Background of the
Opinion of the Respondents
Analysis of Data
Summary, Conclusion and
Recommendation of the Study
Suggestions for Further Studies
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
is one of those qualities that you know when you see it but it difficult to
describe. There are almost as many definitions as there are commentators. Many
associate leadership with one person leading. Four things stand out in this
respect, First, to lead involves influencing others. Second, where· there are
leaders, there are followers. Third, leaders seem to come to the fore when there is a crisis or special problem. In
other words, they often become visible when an innovative response is needed.
Fourth, leaders are people who have a clear idea of what they want to achieve
and why. Thus, leaders are people who are able to think and act creatively in
non-routine situations and who set out to influence the actions, beliefs and
feelings of others. In this sense being a "leader" is personal. It
flows from an individual's qualities and actions. However, it is also often
linked to some other role such as manager or expert.
need a new mix of competencies to properly shape their broad and develop their
subordinates to meet 21st Century challenges. Shifting cultures,
rapidly changing technology and other factors will require new patterns of
21st Century leaders will need greater awareness of diverse factors
and new sets of competences - characteristics that lead to success on the job
to help them make relevant, correct and timely decisions in the leadership of
change and leadership of people.
important factor in the leadership process is the relationship that a leader
has with individual followers, previous researches have shown that successful
interactive leaders and their followers are central to the overall functioning
of cony-any (Normal and sued, (2009); Green and Uhi Bien), (1995), High quality
leader-follower relationships have been
found to have effect on employee performance, organizational commitment,
delegation, empowerment and job satisfaction and day (1997), One rationale for
this study is that good leader- follower relationships are vital to ensure the
effective functionality of any cony-any. An organization has the greatest
chance of work towards achieving its goals. Since leadership involves the
exercise of influence by one person over others, the quality of leadership
exhibited by supervisors is a critical determinant of organizational success. Thus supervisors study leadership in other to
influence the actions of employees towards the achievement of the goals of the organization.
Therefore, supervisors can learn about leadership through research. Good leaders
are made not born. If you have the desire and willpower, you can become an
effective leader. Good leaders develop through ending process of self-study,
education, training and experience. Therefore, leadership is a process by which
a person influences others to accomplish, an objective
and direct the organization in a way
that makes it more cohesive and coherent. Leaders carry out this process by
applying their leadership attributes such as beliefs, values, ethics,
character, knowledge and skills. Leadership differs achieve high goals, rather
than simply bossing people around, all these brings makes up what is called
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
interest in the influence of leadership on workers performance represents an
alternative to the traditional focus on the leader as the center of attention
and power as with the sum in the "Solar System." Although the
qualities of leaders are obviously important especially in teamwork in
particular, leaders need the skills to engage followers in productive and
satisfying mutual pursuits. However, this is a departure from the usual way of
seeing leader qualities as possessions, rather interpersonal links to others
involved in shared activities.
not all leaders wish to be participative, understanding and followers becomes
important. Not least as a source of resistance is the problem of shared responsibility
and who will be accountable. It is on this background that this research work
aims to assess the extent to which leadership impacts on the productivity of
To enumerate the basis for a good
To analyze the elements of a good
analyze the role of good management style on effective communication within the
investigate whether good management style is germane to effective management of
people in an organization.
determine the relationship between leadership style and leadership
evaluate the, importance of leader-employee/follower relations in organizational building.
analyze the objectives, relevance and importance of a good management style to
organizational profitability, growth and survival.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
following research questions are pertinent to this study:
To what extent does leadership
style influence employees' performance
How does leader-employee relations
affect organizational growth?
What are the factors that hinders
cordial leader-employees relationships
there any significant relationship between leadership style and leadership
relevant is good management style to the attainment of the overall goals of a
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
H0: There is no significant relationship
between good leadership style and employees performances
There is significant relationship
between good leadership style and employees performance
2. H0: Good
leadership style cannot be used to promote effective
communication within the organization
Good leadership style can be used to
communication within the organization
H0: That leadership style or pattern does
not have effect on the
performance of workers in an organization
That leadership style or pattern
effects on tne performance of
workers in an organization
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
scope of this study will be limited to the influence of leadership on employee
performance in Ojo Local Government
Area. The research work will focus mainly on leader-follower relations and how
it affect the performance of the workers.
The study also aims at using Ojo Local Government Area for the
Sammy-ling of opinions. The field survey shall be conducted in Lagos because it
is the commercial nerve of the country.
1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
the course of carrying out this study, a lot of challenges were prevalent and
the principal among these were the following: Finance, Time and Lack of
OF THE STUDY
significance this research work is that it would explore the effect of
leadership on the performance of employees in organizations with speed
references to Nigerian context. This particular local government area was
chosen because of the rigour employees are made to go through in the local
government in the course of meeting the targets of the management. This has
affected the economic, social and private lives of the employees. It is
intended to investigate whether employee’s performance is related to the
leadership style, adopted by the management. It is also hoped that the study
would contribute to the promotion of the existing frontier or boundary between
human knowledge and strengthen the relationship, between the management /
employer and the employee in the local government of Nigeria.
is also the act of coordinating the resources of an organization through the
process of planning, directing, controlling and organizing in order to achieve
the organizational goals and objectives.
is a person who paid to work under the supervision of a manager or an employer.
MOTIVATION: Motivation involves all the
activities which give rise to the behaviour aimed at satisfying one or another
kind of want.
TASK LEADERS: Task leaders are generally concerned with completion of task, accomplishment of goals and the
general effectiveness of the work-group.
LEADERSHIP: This is a process by which a person influences
others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that
makes it more cohesive and coherent.
LEADERSHIP STYLE: This is the manner and approach of providing direction,
implementing plan and motivating people
PRODUCTIVITY: This is the rate at which a company produces goods and the amount produced
compared with how much time and the amount which was used for the production.
APPRAISAL: It's the assessment of how well an employee
his job, especially an assessment carried out as part of an organization's
formal procedure in which records are kept and corrections are taken in order
to improve on performance.
indicates a move to a important job or rank in a company or an organization
which involves greater responsibility skill, status and higher rate pay.
Therefore, promotion is also the movement of a worker to a more important
position with greater responsibility.
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