project work identifies the challenges facing police departments that seek to
implement computerized crime tracking information systems. The project
highlights the importance of police departments identifying crime records and
then designing systems that accomplish the tasks specific to the needs of their
end-users. Data transfer, data integration, system customization, and
confidentiality issues are discussed. One of the most significant shortcomings
in the delivery of justice is the delay that is encountered by court users
which increases the cost of litigation in both time and money, and results in
pro-longed criminal trials and over-crowded prisons. Hence the new system
designed will aid police in tracking crime records and thereby facilitate
timely delivery of judgment by the court.
The software was
implemented using Visual basic 6.0 and Access database.
Title page i
Table contents vi
Background of the study 1
of problem 2
of study 2
of the project 2
of the project 3
police force 4
mapping system 7
tracking system in Enugu 10
Methodology and system analysis
3.1 Methodology 13
of the existing system 13
of data collection 16
Process and output Analysis 16
flow diagram 17
of the Present system 17
of the new system 18
implementation and testing
specification and design 19
file design 20
flow chart 24
Summary, Conclusion and
5.1 Summary 25
5.2 Recommendation 25
5.3 Conclusion 25
Appendix I 29
Appendix II 46
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The traditional and
age-old system of intelligence and criminal record maintenance has failed to
live up to the requirements of the existing crime scenario. Manual processes
neither provide accurate, reliable and comprehensive data round the clock nor
does it help in trend prediction and decision support. It also results in lower
productivity and ineffective utilisation of manpower. The solution to this
ever-increasing problem lies in the effective use of Information Technology.
Crime Tracking Information System uses computer-generated records as an
interface for integrating and accessing massive amounts of location-based
Crime tracking system
allows police personnel to plan effectively for emergency response, determine
mitigation priorities, analyse historical events, and predict future events.
Crime tracking system helps identify potential suspects to increase
investigators suspect base when no leads are evident. The ability to access and
process information quickly while displaying it in a spatial and visual medium
allows agencies to allocate resources quickly and more effectively. -critical’ In
the ‘misn law enforcement, information about the location of a crime, incident, suspect, or victim is often crucial to determine the manner
and size of the response. Crime tracking software helps co-ordinate vast
amounts of location-based data from multiple sources. It enables the user to
layer the data and view the data most critical to the particular issue or
It is used world over by
police departments, both large and small, to provide solutions for crime
analysis, criminal tracking, traffic safety, community policing,
Intranet/Internet mapping, and numerous other tasks.
Crime tracking system
helps crime officers determine potential crime sites by examining complex
seemingly unrelated criteria and displaying them all in an interface. It also
helps them map inmate populations, fixtures, and equipment to provide for the
safety of inmates by separating gang members, identifying high-risk or
potentially violent inmates, and identifying hazardous locations in an area. It
reduces the potential for internal violence by providing better command and control.
Traditionally, these activities have been supported by paper and pen. Police
officers now have the ability to immediately generate crime report directly
relevant to the situation at hand. Police agencies collect vast amounts of data
from many sources including called-for-services, arrests, first information
reports and daily report. The same information provides a powerful decision
making tool for investigators, supervisors, and administrators.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The lack of reliable
central case recording systems for Nigerian police meant that cases were in
effect impossible to trace without considerable resources, effort and a lot of
luck. For criminal cases the impact of this has been felt in the practice of
‘hold charged with capital offences in order to ensure their continued
detention, whilst there is little or no evidence of their involvement. This
issue has contributed significantly to the visible inefficiency of the Criminal
Justice System, particularly the congestion of the prisons and the courts. To
improve the flow of cases and achieve speedier administration of justice, the
introduction and deployment of information technology (IT) based case
management and tracking systems is needed.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this
project is to design and implement a database for storing crime records. This
will aid the police in crime tracking and control.
main objective of the project was to Speed up criminal trials and reduces the
length of time Awaiting Trial Prisoners (ATPs) stay in prison by setting up a
criminal case tracking system that improves coordination between
justice institutions. The system would ensure a better case flow and efficient
data management that would inform better management decisions.
JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY
of a crime tracking information system by the Nigerian police will help the
police and the masses to get useful information on individuals with crime
records. The system developed will among other things:
Maintain a database of all crime records
2. Enable a quick search on
the database to retrieve crime
Enables Enugu police and the
Nigerian police to
track previous crimes committed
by a suspect.
Improved operational efficiency through
the use of a standardized system, searchable digital repository of relevant
documents, automated workload distributed and virtual boarding of cases.
With Case Tracking System (CTS), it is
possible to access contact details of the Nigeria police Force (NPF) and the
judiciary at a glance and it facilitates quicker and more effective
communication between the police and judiciary. With Case Tracking Information would System spend less time to
utilize the information in a manner that is most beneficial to them
LIMITATION OF THE PROJECT
Due to time and financial
constraint, I was unable to visit most of the police stations in Enugu to
gather information on the existing crime tracking information system. Few
police stations were visited and the information gathered from the officers in
charge forms the basis for the design of the new system.
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